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Publications (2)4.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To examine the differential features of combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma (HCC-CC) from mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. Forty patients with pathologically proven combined HCC-CC (n = 20) and ICCs (n = 20) who had undergone gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI were enrolled in this study. MR images were analyzed for the shape of lesions, hypo- or hyperintense areas on the T2-weighted image (T2WI), rim enhancement during early dynamic phases, and central enhancement with hypointense rim (target appearance) on the 10-min and 20-min hepatobiliary phase (HBP). The significance of these findings was determined by the χ(2) test. Irregular shape and strong rim enhancement during early dynamic phases, and absence of target appearance on HBP favored combined HCC-CCs (P < 0.05). Lobulated shape, weak peripheral rim enhancement, and the presence of complete target appearance on the 10-min and 20-min HBP favored ICCs (P < 0.05). However, 10 CC-predominant type of combined HCC-CC showed complete or partial target appearance on 10-min HBP. The shape of tumors, degree of rim enhancement during early dynamic phases, and target appearance on HBP were valuable for differentiating between combined HCC-CC and mass-forming ICC on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2012;36:881-889. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 06/2012; 36(4):881-9. · 2.57 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: To examine the differential features of mass-forming intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) from atypical hypovascular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) on gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and waived informed patient consent. Seventy patients with pathologically proven ICCs (35) and hypovascular atypical HCCs (35) who had undergone preoperative gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI were enrolled in this study. Images were analysed for the shape of the lesions and presence of hyperintensity on the T1-weighted image (T1WI) and hypo- or hyperintense areas on the T2-weighted image (T2WI). In addition, images were analysed for the presence of linear hyperintensity or multifocal, tiny, hyperintense foci on T2WI and the presence of rim enhancement during early dynamic phases and a central enhancement with a hypointense rim (target appearance) on the 10 and 20 min hepatobiliary phase images. The significance of these findings was determined by the X(2) test. Univariate analysis revealed that the following significant parameters favour ICC or hypovascular HCC; the presence of T2 hypo- and hyperintense areas and target appearance on the 10 min hepatobiliary phase images favour ICC, and the presence of T2 linear hyperintensity and T2 multifocal hyperintense foci favour hypovascular HCC (p < 0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that only target appearance on the 10 min hepatobiliary phase was predictive of ICC (p = 0.002) as 30 ICCs (85.7%) showed this feature. However, the target appearance was also observed in all six scirrhous HCCs. A target appearance on the 10 min hepatobiliary phase images is the best predictor for identifying mass-forming ICC at gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI.
    Clinical Radiology 03/2012; 67(8):766-73. · 1.66 Impact Factor