ABSTRACT: Charcot-Marie-Tooth type X disease (CMTX) is the second most frequent inherited neuropathy, after CMT1A type associated with 17p11.2-p12 duplication. CMTX is inherited as X dominant trait and is caused by point mutations in Cx32 gene. In the study the first Polish group of 11 patients with CMTX from 4 families is presented. The following four mutations were found in Cx32 gene: Gly110Asp, Val 152 Asp, Arg 183 His and Glu 208 Gly. CMTX is characterized by X dominant trait of inheritance, a mild clinical course in affected females and slowly progressive atrophy and weakness of distal limb muscles. Both electrophysiological and sural nerve biopsy studies show axonal changes with secondary demyelination.
Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska 36(6):1087-94. · 0.43 Impact Factor