Hale Maral Kir

Kocaeli University, Cocaeli, Kocaeli, Turkey

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Publications (10)15.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders, characterized by recurrent seizures, which may increase the content of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of Neuropeptide Y on oxidative and nitrosative balance and brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels induced by pentylenetetrazole (a standard convulsant drug) in the hippocampus of Wistar rats. Three groups of seven rats were treated intraperitoneally as follows: group 1 (saline + saline) 1 ml saline, group 2 (salin + Pentylenetetrazole) 1 ml saline 30 min before Pentylenetetrazole; and group 3 (Neuropeptide Y + Pentylenetetrazole) 60 μg/kg Neuropeptide Y 30 min before 60 mg/kg Pentylenetetrazole. After 24 h, the animals were euthanized by decapitation. Hippocampus were isolated to evaluate the malondialdehyde, glutathione, nitric oxide, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in three rat groups. The results of this study demonstrated that while intraperitoneally administered neuropeptide Y did not result in a statistically significant difference in BDNF levels, its administration caused a statistically significant decrease in malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels and an increase in glutathione levels in rats with pentylenetetrazole-induced epileptic seizure. Neuropeptide Y were able to reduce nitroxidative damage induced by pentylenetetrazole in the hippocampus of Wistar rats.
    Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences / Udruzenje basicnih mediciniskih znanosti = Association of Basic Medical Sciences 11/2013; 13(4):242-7. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effects of VNS in transient middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R) rat model of ischemia based on behavioral, morphological, and molecular approaches. Material and Methods: Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups: ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), I/R+VNS, and sham (for I/R). Each group was further divided into two subgroups for the assessment of neurological deficits and infarct area, or biochemical parameters related to oxidative stress. Results: The infarct area and neurological scores were significantly lower in I/R+VNS group compared with the I/R group. MDA levels were significantly higher in I/R group compared to control and I/R+VNS groups in the cortical and subcortical specimens. There were also betweengroup differences in terms of GSH levels. GSH levels were higher in sham group compared with and I/R and I/R+VNS groups in cortical specimens whereas these levels for lower in I/R group compared to control and I/R+VNS groups in the subcortical specimens. SOD activity was higher in control group compared to I/R and I/R+VNS groups both in the cortical and subcortical specimens. There was no difference between I/R and I/R+VNS groups in neither cortical nor subcortical specimens. Conclusion: The neuroprotective and antioxidant properties of VNS suggest its efficacy as a potential anti-ischemic treatment.
    Turkish neurosurgery 01/2013; 23(4):451-457. · 0.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is still not completely clear whether carbamazepine causes alterations in vitamin D status and in bone metabolism. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of carbamazepine on serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and on biomarkers of bone formation and resorption in healthy rats. Levels of calcium, 25- hydroxyvitamin D, parathormone, C-telopeptide, bone specific alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin were measured in 3 groups of rats consisting of controls (n=10), isotonic saline solution group (n=10) and carbamazepine group (n=10). Mean calcium levels were found to be significantly lower in healthy controls in comparison to isotonic saline solution and carbamazepine groups (10.0±0.24, 10.81±0.16, 10.93±0.22 mg/dL, respectively, p<0.05). Mean levels of 25- hydroxyvitamin D, were found to be significantly higher in control group compared to isotonic saline solution group (25- hydroxyvitamin D; 25.91±1.12, 19.99±0.99 ng/mL, respectively, p<0.01). Mean levels of parathormone and osteocalcin were found to be significantly higher in control group compared to isotonic saline solution group and carbamazepine group. Parathormone levels were measured as 3.46±0.83, 1.08±0.08, 0.94±0.02 pg/mL, respectively (p<0.01). Osteocalcine levels were measured as 1.66±0.001, 1.32±0.002, 1.32±0.001 ng/mL, respectively (p<0.001). A significant difference in terms of mean serum bone specific alkaline phosphatase and C-telopeptide levels among groups was not observed. The main outcome of this prospective study in healthy rats showed no change in biochemical parameters of bone turnover during treatment with carbamazepine.
    Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences / Udruzenje basicnih mediciniskih znanosti = Association of Basic Medical Sciences 11/2012; 12(4):240-4. · 0.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: In uremic patients, depending on their type, the T-cells produce a range of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and two different therapy methods of dialysis [hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)] on adiponectin, TNF-alpha, and hs-CRP levels in human serum. We measured the serum levels of hs-CRP, adiponectin, and TNF-alpha in 37 patients with CKD on conservative treatment, 34 patients maintained on CAPD, 35 HD patients, and 25 healthy volunteers. The statistical analysis of the obtained results was performed by commercial statistics PC software. The mean TNF-alpha levels were found to be significantly higher in patients in the predialysis, CAPD, and the HD groups, than in the control group (17.24 +/- 9.22, 31.57 +/- 10.56, 24.34 +/- 5.32, 7.64 +/- 4.12 pg/mL, respectively, p < 0.001). The mean TNF-alpha levels in the predialysis group were significantly lower than in both the CAPD and the HD group (p < 0.001). The mean TNF-alpha levels in the CAPD group were significantly higher than in the HD group (p = 0.001). The mean adiponectin levels in the control group were significantly lower than in the predialysis, CAPD, and HD groups (2.54 +/- 2.30, 4.10 +/- 3.12, 7.69 +/- 8.35, 5.97 +/- 6.20 ng/mL, respectively, p < 0.05). Furthermore, the mean adiponectin levels in the predialysis groups were significantly lower than in the CAPD group (p < 0.05). The mean hs-CRP levels were found to be significantly higher in patients in the predialysis, CAPD, and HD groups than in the control group (0.65 +/- 0.57, 0.82 +/- 0.71, 1.14 +/- 1.45, 0.30 +/- 0.19 mg/dL, respectively, p < 0.05). According to the results of this study, the levels of adiponectin, hs-CRP, and TNF-alpha were increased for all patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Along with this, the highest level of increase in TNF-alpha levels were observed in patients with CAPD.
    Clinical laboratory 01/2012; 58(5-6):495-500. · 0.92 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: the aim of our study was to evaluate the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the levels of glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO) in liver and kidney tissues in a rat model of convulsive seizure induced by single and repeated doses of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and sound stimulation with key ringing. male Wistar adult rats (n=48), were used in the experiment. The animals were divided into six groups: (1) Single Seizure Control Group (SS-Control; n=8), (2) Repeated Seizures Control Group (RS-Control; n=8), (3) PTZ induced Single Seizure Group (SS-PTZ Group; n=8), (4) PTZ induced Repeated Seizures Group (RS- PTZ Group; n=8), (5) Key-Ringing Induced Single Seizure Group (SS-KEY Group; n=8), (6) Key-Ringing Induced Repeated Seizures Group (RS-KEY Group; n=8). Following injections rats were observed for seizure activity for 30 min. Animals were sacrificed 24h after induced seizure (single or last seizure) or saline administration. MDA, NO, GSH levels and SOD activities were determined in liver and kidney tissues. there was no significant difference between SS-Control and RS-Control groups, SS-PTZ and SS-KEY groups, and RS-PTZ and RS-KEY groups (p>0.05) in none of the examined 4 parameters in liver and kidney tissues. The liver and kidney levels of MDA and NO in SS-PTZ group were found to be significantly higher than the SS-Control group (p<0.05). In SS-KEY group, the liver and kidney levels of MDA and NO were found to be significantly higher and GSH levels were significantly lower than the SS-Control group (p<0.05). While liver and kidney levels of MDA in RS-PTZ group and RS-KEY group were found to be significantly higher than the RS-Control group (p<0.05), liver and kidney GSH levels were significantly lower (p<0.05). The liver levels of NO in RS-PTZ group and RS-KEY group were found to be significantly higher than the RS-Control group (p<0.05). Kidney SOD activities in RS-PTZ group and RS-KEY group were found to be significantly lower than the RS-Control group (p<0.05). When RS-PTZ group is compared with the SS-PTZ group, the liver SOD activity and kidney NO level were found to be significantly lower in the RS-PTZ group (p<0.05). While the liver NO level and GSH level in RS-KEY group were significantly higher than the SS-KEY group, SOD activity was significantly lower in the RS-KEY group (p<0.05). When RS-KEY group was compared with SS-KEY group, the kidney NO level and SOD activity were found to be significantly lower in the RS-KEY group (p<0.05). in conclusion, key-ringing or PTZ induced single and repeated seizures result in increased oxidative damage and lipid peroxidation, and decreased antioxidant defense mechanisms.
    Brain research bulletin 11/2010; 83(6):356-9. · 2.97 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A close relationship exists between inflammation and vascular calcification. Although fetuin-A is known to be an inhibitor of calcification, studies correlating levels of this glycoprotein to markers of inflammation are limited. To understand these relationships, we investigated the relationship between serum fetuin-A and proinflammatory cytokine levels in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Thirty-two patients on haemodialysis (HD), 32 conservatively managed chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and a control group of 25 subjects with normal renal function were enrolled in this study. Serum fetuin-A, IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels were measured by ELISA. Correlations between serum fetuin-A and IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha concentrations were investigated by the Spearman correlation test. In 64 CRF patients (on HD and with CKD), serum fetuin-A was significantly and inversely related to IL-1beta (P<0.001), IL-6 (P=0.025) and TNF-alpha levels (P=0.007), respectively. The serum fetuin-A levels of the control subjects were not significantly correlated to levels of the inflammatory markers IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha (P=0.551, 0.985 and 0.984, respectively). The negative correlation between serum fetuin-A and cytokine concentrations in CRF patients supports the hypothesis of inflammation-dependent down-regulation of fetuin-A expression.
    Cytokine 11/2008; 44(3):323-7. · 2.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Serum levels of adipocytokines such as leptin and adiponectin are significantly elevated in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). The effect of such adipocytokines on malnutrition in the CRF population has been of substantial interest. We sought to determine the relationship between plasma leptin and adiponectin levels and malnutrition-inflammation status in end-stage renal disease patients. Thirty patients (15 women and 15 men; mean [+/-SD] age, 50 +/- 14 years) on hemodialysis, and 30 patients (12 women and 18 men; mean [+/-SD] age, 47 +/- 16) on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, were enrolled in this study. Adipocytokine levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Inflammatory markers, such as high-sensitivity serum C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), ferritin, and a nutritional inflammatory scoring system known as the malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS), were also measured in all patients. Serum leptin had negative correlations with ferritin (r = -0.33, P = .016) and MIS (r = -0.39, P = .003). Adiponectin had a weak positive correlation with MIS (r = 0.26, P = .050), indicating that an increased level of serum adiponectin was associated with a worse nutritional status. Levels of hs-CRP, serum albumin, cholesterol, and triglycerides did not correlate with nutritional status. Serum leptin concentration seems to be a marker of good nutritional status, rather than an appetite-suppressing uremic toxin, in patients with CRF. However, the positive correlation between serum adiponectin and worse nutritional-inflammatory status suggests that elevated adiponectin levels may contribute to the pathogenesis of malnutrition in such patients.
    Journal of Renal Nutrition 08/2008; 18(4):332-7. · 1.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cytokine secretion is known to play an important role in the pathophysiology of depression, and levels of proinflammatory cytokines are increased in chronic renal failure (CRF) patients. The objective of this study was to examine the correlation between levels of proinflammatory cytokines in CRF patients and degree of depression. 31 patients on hemodialysis, 31 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, and 31 conservatively managed chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients were enrolled in this study. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and 'elevated symptoms of depression' were defined as a BDI score > or =17. IL-6 and TNFalpha cytokine levels were measured by ELISA. 'Elevated symptoms of depression' occurred in 37 of 93 patients (40%). IL-6 and TNFalpha levels were not significantly different among CRF patients with and without elevated depressive symptoms (p = 0.937 and p = 0.414, respectively). When analyzed by treatment subgroup, proinflammatory cytokine levels were not significantly different in patients with and without elevated symptoms of depression. In patients with CRF, elevated symptoms of depression were not associated with increased cytokine levels.
    Nephron Clinical Practice 01/2008; 108(4):c272-7. · 1.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cisplatin (DDP, cis-diamminedichloroplatinium II) is one of the most potent chemotherapeutic antitumor drugs, but is able to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and it also inhibits the activity of antioxidant enzymes in renal tissue. In the present study, we investigated the preventive effect of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg b.w. doses of vitamin E (VE), and 25, 50, and 100 mg/kg b.w. doses of vitamin A (VA) combination on malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and glutathione (GSH) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in cisplatin-induced toxicity in rat kidneys. Our literature survey indicated a lack of any experimental study showing the beneficial effect of VA on cisplatin-induced MDA, NO, GSH and SOD changes. For this reason, we hoped that this study would provide a unique contribution in that respect. 59 Wistar rats (11 to replace prematurely lost animals) were used. 48 evaluable rats were divided into 8 groups (n = 6 in each group): control group, DDP alone (5 mg/kg b.w.) group, 3 VE combination treatment groups of VE100+DDP, VE200+DDP, and VE400+DDP, and 3 VA combination treatment groups of VA25+DDP, VA50+DDP, and VA100+DDP. Kidney MDA, GSH, NO levels and SOD activities were determined for the assessment of oxidant-antioxidant balance. While in the DDP group the tissue levels of MDA and NO were found to be significantly higher than in the control group, GSH levels and SOD activities were significantly lower. MDA and NO levels were found to be significantly lower and GSH levels and SOD activities significantly higher in the VE200+DDP and VE400+ DDP groups when compared with the DDP alone group. MDA and NO levels were found to be significantly lower in the VA50+DDP and VA100+DDP groups when compared with the DDP alone group. However, identical comparisons with the DDP alone group showed significantly higher GSH levels and SOD activities in the VA25+DDP, VA50+DDP, and VA100+DDP groups. Among the VE100+ DDP, VE200+DDP, and VE400+DDP groups, and VA25+ DDP, VA50+DDP, and VA100+DDP groups, MDA and NO levels decreased and GSH levels and SOD activities increased steadily and significantly as the doses of VE and VA increased. These vitamins would be effective in protecting against cisplatin-induced tissue damage in rat kidneys. It is possible that the toxic effect of cisplatin is somehow minimized by a compensatory mechanism involving VE and VA via induction of antioxidant enzyme activities following intraperitoneal injection of DDP.
    Urologia Internationalis 02/2005; 75(4):340-4. · 1.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Excessive generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to the process of progressive renal injury in a variety of clinical and experimental renal diseases. The present study was designed to test the hypothesis that treatment with vitamins decreases renal injury in chronic renal failure (CRF). Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 5 groups: group 1, control; group 2, 5/6 nephrectomy (CRF); other groups 5/6 nephrectomy and injected vitamins (E, A, D). After 8 weeks, urea, creatinine and renal tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), nitric oxide (NO) levels and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined. Renal tissue MDA levels were significantly lower in the control and Vit E groups compared to that of the CRF, Vit A and Vit D groups. GSH levels were significantly higher in the control group compared to that of other groups. However, GSH levels were significantly lower in the control group than those in the other groups. SOD activities of the control group were significantly higher than those in the other groups. SOD activities were significantly decreased in the Vit E group compared to the Vit A and Vit D groups. Tissue NO levels of control group were significantly increased compared to the other groups. According to this study, Vit E may at least in part prevent tissue injury by acting as a free radical scavenger.
    American Journal of Nephrology 01/2005; 25(5):441-6. · 2.62 Impact Factor