[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a rare inherited autosomal dominant disease characterized by mucocutaneous pigmentation and multiple polyps in the gastrointestinal tract. We report on an 18-year-old Chinese male who complained with pigmentation on face and extremities for over 10 years. Colonoscopy revealed more than ten polyps from transverse colon to rectum. The family survey included 15 family members from three generations, and 6 PJSs (4 males and 2 females) were found. This case is reported because of its rarity of Peutz-Jeghers syndrome and the survey of family history.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2013; 6(5):982-4. · 2.24 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 35-year-old Chinese woman presented with a 2.5-year history of facial swelling in the left lower quadrant and a 10-month history of relapsing red papules and vesicles in the perioral area resembling hydroa vacciniforme. Histologically, a tissue biopsy showed a dense infiltration of medium-sized atypical lymphocytic cells expressing CD4 and CD56. A diagnosis of cutaneous NK-/T-cell lymphoma was made. The patient was treated with alpha-interferon, valaciclovir hydrochloride, and low-dose prednisone for 2 months. Her skin lesions and lymphoadenopathy resolved initially, but she succumbed to the disease shortly after starting chemotherapy treatment 11 months later. To our knowledge, this is the first case of CD4CD56 NK-/T-cell lymphoma with clinical features resembling hydroa vacciniforme.
The American Journal of dermatopathology 08/2012; · 1.30 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Overexpression of the high-affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E on atopic monocytes and dendritic cells is known to contribute to the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis (AD). However, it remains unclear what is the underlying mechanism of FcεRI deregulation. It has been speculated that epigenetic deregulation may play a role.
Global DNA methylation levels of monocytes from 10 AD patients and 10 healthy controls were measured using a global DNA methylation kit. Bisulfite sequencing was performed to determine the methylation status of the FCER1G promoter region. FcεRIγ mRNA and FcεRI protein levels were detected by real-time RT-PCR, Western blotting, and flow cytometry, respectively. Patch methylation and the demethylating agent, 5-azacytidine, were used to determine the functional significance of methylation changes on FcεRI expression.
Monocytes from AD patients show a global hypomethylation, as well as a locus-specific hypomethylation at FCER1G promoter, as compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, this hypomethylation of FCER1G is inversely correlated with its expression. Patch methylation in combination with luciferase reporter assay confirmed the direct relationship between methylation and expression. Moreover, treating healthy monocytes with 5-azacytidine caused a reduction in methylation levels and an induction in FcεRIγ transcription and surface expression of FcεRI.
Demethylation of specific regulatory elements within the FCER1G locus contributes to FcεRI overexpression on monocytes from patients with AD.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To observe the effect of hypoxia inducible factor -1α (HIF-1α) small interfering RNA (siRNA) on the expression of HIF-1α and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in HaCaT cells under hypoxia.
HaCaT cells were divided into 4 groups: the normal control group (without any treatment),the hypoxia group (under hypoxia for 24 h),the liposome control group (HaCaT cells transfected with liposome before hypoxia treatment),the RNA interference group (HaCaT cells transfected with siRNA sequences then under hypoxia for 24 h). Real-time PCR and Western blot were utilized to determine HIF-1α and iNOS mRNA and protein expression in HaCaT cells.
There was no significant difference of the mRNA expression of HIF-1α between the hypoxia group and the normoxia group (P>0.05),but the protein expressions of HIF-1α was increased in the hypoxic group than that in the normoxia group (P<0.05). Both the mRNA and protein expression of iNOS were increased in hypoxic conditions than that in the normoxia (P<0.05). Decreases were more significant in the mRNA and protein expression of HIF-1α and iNOS in the RNA interference group than that in the liposome control group in HaCaT cells (P<0.05).
Hypoxia increased HIF-1α and iNOS expression in HaCaT cells and inhibition of HIF-1α expression decreased iNOS expression.
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 10/2011; 36(10):1012-6.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To explore the molecular mechanisms of antitumor properties of triptolide, a bioactive component isolated from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wolfordii Hook F.
Human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells were treated with different doses of triptolide for 72 h. Then the expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 were measured and the invasiveness of triptolide-treated HT-1080 cells was compared with that of anti-MMP-9-treated HT-1080 cells.
18 nmol/L triptolide inhibited the gene expression and activity of MMP-9, but not those of MMP-2, in HT-1080 cells. In addition, both 18 nmol/L triptolide and 3 μg/mL anti-MMP-9 significantly reduced the invasive potential of HT-1080 cells, by about 50% and 35%, respectively, compared with the control. Whereas there was no significant difference between the effect of 18 nmol/L triptolide and that of anti-MMP-9 on invasive potential of HT-1080 cells.
These data suggest that triptolide inhibits tumor cell invasion partly by reducing MMP-9 gene expression and activity.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine 06/2011; 4(6):482-5. · 0.50 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1(HIF-1) α in psoriatic lesions,and to explore their relationship with angiogenesis in psoriasis.
HIF-1α and iNOS protein were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot in 32 cases of psoriasis and 20 healthy controls,and CD34 marking vascular endothelial cells were used to measure the microvascular density (MVD).
The expressions of HIF-1α and iNOS protein were very weak in the control skin, but very strong in psoriatic lesions, which showed significant difference in the expressions of iNOS and HIF-1α between the psoriasis and the control group(P<0.05). Expression of HIF-1α (r=0.743, P<0.01) and iNOS (r=0.639,P<0.01) had positive correlation with MVD in psoriasis respectively. There was a positive correlation between iNOS and HIF-1α expression in psoriasis (r=0.717, P<0.01).
Both iNOS and HIF-1α have high expression in psoriasis and might play an important role in the genesis and development of psoriasis.
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences 09/2010; 35(9):952-7.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Psychological stress adversely affects the immune system, and aggravates various skin diseases, such as psoriasis, alopecia areata and atopic dermatitis. However, the precise underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The goal of this study was to use a murine restraint stress model to determine the mechanisms by which psychological stress modulates immune response in contact dermatitis. In the present study, mice were sensitized and challenged on the skin with 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene. Acute restraint stress was administrated to healthy or sensitized mice before challenge, and nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB DNA-binding activation of nuclear protein and expression of interleukin (IL)-18 mRNA in murine spleen lymphocytes was detected. Chemical sympathectomy was performed using the neurotoxin 6-hydroxy-dopamine to determine the effect of the sympathetic nervous system. The experiment showed that restraint stress induced a series of changes which include increasing of NF-kappaB DNA-binding activity and IL-18 mRNA expression in spleen lymphocytes and enhancement of contact hypersensitivity response, and these changes may be mediated by the sympathetic nervous system. These findings provide new insights into the roles of the nervous system in the aggravation of skin diseases.
The Journal of Dermatology 06/2010; 37(6):512-21. · 2.35 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Retiform hemangioendothelioma (RH) is an extremely rare low-grade angiosarcoma mainly involving the skin and subcutaneous tissue. Clinically patients often present with an asymptomatic slow-growing solitary nodular or plaque-like lesion. RH is characterized by frequent local recurrences but a very low metastatic rate. Here we reported a case of RH in a 61-year-old Chinese woman who presented with a rapid growing cutaneous plaque-like lesion on her right scalp, followed by another lesion behind the right ear. The lesions were associated with paroxysmal sharp needle-stabbing like headache. She underwent wide excision and skin engraftment. Three months post surgery, she experienced tumor recurrence, and died 9 months after the initial diagnosis.
International journal of clinical and experimental pathology 01/2010; 3(5):528-33. · 2.24 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of triptolide on the DNA methylation level of MMP-9 gene and the mRNA expression of tissue inhibitors of met-alloproteinases (TIMPs) were examined in human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells to explore the molecular mechanisms involved in the anticancer activity of triptolide.
HT-1080 cells were cultured in MEM containing 10% newborn calf serum and 1% penicillin-streptomycin. Triptolide was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at a concentration of 1 goL-1 and stored at -20 degrees C. Triptolide was freshly diluted with culture medium perior to use and directly added to cell cultures at the indicated concentration, and incubated for 72 hours at 37 degrees C in a humidified atmosphere with 5% CO2, with changes of reagents every 24 hours. Methylation specific PCR (MSP)was applied to assess the methylation status of MMP-9 gene promoter, and semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was employed to measure the mRNA expression of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in human fibrosarcoma HT-1080 cells after 72 hours of treatment with 6 nmol x L(-1), 12 nmol x L(-1) or 18 nmol x L(-1) triptolide, respectively.
The methylation index of MMP-9 gene promoter was statistically elevated in HT-1080 cells after 72 hours of treatment with 18 nmol L(-1) triptolide, compared with those in controls (0.61 +/- 0.10 vs 0.39 +/- 0.10, P < 0.05), while no significant difference was noted between 6 nmol x L(-1) or 12 nmol x L(-1) triptolide treated HT-1080 cells and controls (0.40 +/- 0.15 vs 0.39 +/- 0.10, 0.46 +/- 0.20 vs 0.39 +/- 0.10, respectively, both P > 0.05). The mRNA expression of TIMP-1, -2, -3 or -4 was not significantly changed in HT-1080 cells after 72 hours of treatment with the indicated concentrations of triptolide, respectively compared with those in controls (all P > 0.05).
The results demonstrated that triptolide upregulates the methylation level of MMP-9 gene in HT-1080 cells in vitro.
Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica 04/2009; 34(5):611-4.