[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The ATLAS central level-1 trigger logic consists in the Central Trigger Processor and the interface to the detector-specific muon level-1 trigger electronics. It is responsible for forming a level-1 trigger in the ATLAS experiment. The distribution of the timing, trigger and control information from the central trigger processor to the readout electronics of the ATLAS subdetectors is done with the TTC system. Both systems are presented.
Journal of Instrumentation 08/2008; 3(08):P08002. · 1.53 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ATLAS is a detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider where bunches of protons in counter-rotating beams will cross every 25 ns producing, on average, about 25 collisions for a total interaction rate of 1 GHz. A three-level trigger system selects bunch crossings potentially containing interesting processes. The Level-1 trigger, implemented in electronics and firmware, makes an initial selection in under 2.5 mus with an output rate of less than 100 kHz. A key element of this is the core module of the Central Trigger Processor which combines trigger information from the calorimeter and muon trigger processors to make the final Level-1 accept decision in under 75 ns. The event-selection algorithm used by the core module is based on lists of selection criteria, i.e., trigger menus, and is implemented in fully programmable look-up tables and content-addressable memories. In addition to the event selection, the core module generates dead-time in order to limit the frequency of Level-1 accepts to a rate that the sub-detector front-end electronics can support. The core module further provides trigger-summary information to the Level-2 trigger and to the data acquisition system. The design of the core module is presented, and results from recent laboratory tests and from tests with the calorimeter and muon trigger processors connected to detectors in a particle beam are shown
IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 01/2006; · 1.46 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The ATLAS detector at CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will be exposed to proton-proton collisions from beams crossing at 40 MHz. At the design luminosity of 10^34 cm^-2 s^-1 there are on average 23 collisions per bunch crossing. A three-level trigger system will select potentially interesting events in order to reduce the read-out rate to about 200 Hz. The first trigger level is implemented in custom-built electronics and makes an initial fast selection based on detector data of coarse granularity. It has to reduce the rate by a factor of 10^4 to less than 100 kHz. The other two consecutive trigger levels are in software and run on PC farms. We present an overview of the first-level trigger system and report on the current installation status. Moreover, we show analysis results of cosmic-ray data recorded in situ at the ATLAS experimental site with final or close-to-final hardware.