[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have previously found that, following myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury, isolated hearts from bax gene knockout mice [Bax(-/-)] exhibited higher cardioprotection than the wild-type. We here explore the effect of Bax(-/-), following myocardial infarction (MI) in vivo. Homozygotic Bax(-/-) and matched wild-type were studied. Mice underwent surgical ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The progressive increase in left-ventricular end diastolic diameter, end systolic diameter, in Bax(-/-) was significantly smaller than in Bax(+/+) at 28 d following MI (p < 0.03) as seen by echocardiography. Concomitantly, fractional shortening was higher (35 +/- 4.1% and 27 +/- 2.5%, p < 0.001) and infarct size was smaller in Bax(-/-) compared to the wild-type at 28 days following MI (24 +/- 3.7 % and 37 +/- 3.3%, p < 0.001). Creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase release in serum were lower in Bax(-/-) than in Bax(+/+) 24 h following MI. Caspase 3 activity was elevated at 2 h after MI only in the wild-type, but reduced to baseline values at 1 and 28 d post-MI. Bax knockout mice hearts demonstrated reduced infarct size and improved myocardial function following permanent coronary artery occlusion. The Bax gene appears to play a significant role in the post-MI response that should be further investigated.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The role of the proapototic Bax gene in ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury was studied in three groups of mice: homozygotic knockout mice lacking the Bax gene (Bax(-/-)), heterozygotic mice (Bax(+/-)), and wild-type mice (Bax(+/+)). Isolated hearts were subjected to ischemia (30 min, 37 degrees C) and then to 120 min of reperfusion. The left ventricular developed force of Bax-deficient vs. Bax(+/+) hearts at stabilization and at 120 min of reperfusion was 1,411 +/- 177 vs. 1,161 +/- 137 mg and 485 +/- 69 vs. 306 +/- 68 mg, respectively. Superior cardiac function of Bax(-/-) hearts after I/R was accompanied by a decrease in creatine kinase release, caspase 3 activity, irreversible ischemic injury, and the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling-positive cardiomyocytes. Electron microscopic evaluation revealed reduced damage to mitochondria and the nuclear chromatin structure in Bax-deficient mice. In the Bax(+/-) hearts, the damage markers were moderate. The superior tolerance of Bax knockout hearts to I/R injury recommends this gene as a potential target for therapeutic intervention in patients with severe and intractable myocardial ischemia.