G K Jacobsen

Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte, Hellebæk, Capital Region, Denmark

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Publications (42)110.84 Total impact

  • N. MILMAN, N. GRAUDAL, G. K. JACOBSEN
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    ABSTRACT: During a 7-year period bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed as a routine diagnostic procedure at fiberoptic bronchoscopy in 172 consecutive patients with diffuse pulmonary lesions. In 42 patients, BAL was technically insufficient or data were incomplete. These patients were excluded. The remaining 130 patients consisted of 78 men and 52 women with a median age of 43 years (range 19–79); 59 were smokers. They were divided into 6 groups: I. sarcoidosis (n=77); II. cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (n=16); III. secondary fibrosing alveolitis (n=7); IV. malignancy (n=7); V. allergic alveolitis (n=6); VI. miscellaneous (n=17). Group VI was not included in the statistical evaluation, which involved only the 113 patients in groups I-V. BAL was performed in a segment of the right middle lobe with 150–200 ml isotonic saline. The return fluid (BALF) was filtered through two layers of cotton gauze, and total and differential cell counts were assessed. Median BALF return volume was 67% (range 35–90). Eighty percent of the procedures were performed by the same operator. Total cell count displayed no significant difference amongst the five diagnostic groups (p=0.06). Differential cell count displayed differences amongst the groups respecting macrophages (p=0.002), lymphocytes (p=0.0004), neutrophils (p=0.0001) and eosinophils (p=0.04). Patients with sarcoidosis had a higher percentage of lymphocytes, patients with secondary fibrosis a higher percentage of neutrophils, and patients with cryptogenic fibrosis a higher percentage of eosinophils than the other groups. Malignant cells were observed in BALF in 14.3% of patients with malignant lesions. Among the patients with sarcoidosis, 75% had a lymphocyte-dominated BALF (>10%) compared with 31% of the patients with cryptogenic fibrosis, 14% of the patients with secondary fibrosis, and 43% of the patients with malignancy. Dominance of neutrophils (>10%) and/or eosinophils (>5%) in BALF was observed in cryptogenic and secondary fibrosis. In most patients, BAL cannot provide a definite diagnosis, but may support the clinical suspicion of a specific diagnosis. In clinical practice, BAL seems to be of limited value in the diagnostic evaluation of radiologically detected diffuse, non-infectious pulmonary lesions.
    Apmis 08/2009; 103(7‐8):764 - 768. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It would be desirable to develop minimally invasive methods of tissue diagnosis from lymph nodes as well as solid lesions in the mediastinum. The aim of the present study was to test the combined method of transesophageal endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in the evaluation of mediastinal lesions. EUS-FNA and EBUS-TBNA were compared in 33 patients, for the staging of lung cancer in patients with an established diagnosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (n = 20) or for diagnosis of a suspicious mediastinal lesion in patients with suspected lung cancer (n = 13). EBUS-TBNA and EUS-FNA were unsuccessful in one patient each. The diagnoses were verified in 28 of the remaining 31 patients either at thoracotomy (n = 9) or during the clinical follow-up (n = 19). A total of 119 lesions were sampled by EUS-FNA (n = 59) and EBUS-TBNA (n = 60). EUS-FNA and EBUS-TBNA demonstrated cancer in 26 and 28 lesions, respectively, and benign cytology in 30 and 28 lesions, respectively. Suspicious cells were found in three and four lesions by EUS-FNA and EBUS-TBNA, respectively. When the 60 EBUS-TBNA samples were compared with the 59 EUS-FNA samples, 11 additional cancer diagnoses and three samples with suspicious cells were obtained by EBUS-TBNA that had not been obtained by EUS-FNA. Conversely, EUS-FNA diagnosed 12 additional cancer diagnoses, one suspicious and one specific benign diagnosis (sarcoidosis) in addition to EBUS-TBNA. With a combined approach (EUS-FNA + EBUS-TBNA) in 28 of the 31 patients in whom a final diagnosis was obtained in the evaluation of mediastinal cancer, 20 patients were found to have mediastinal involvement, whereas no mediastinal metastases were found in eight patients. The accuracy of EUS-FNA and EBUS-TBNA, in combination, for the diagnosis of mediastinal cancer was 100 % (95 % CI, 83 - 100 %). EUS-FNA and EBUS-TBNA appear to be complementary methods. A combined approach with both EUS-FNA and EBUS-TBNA may be able to replace more invasive methods for evaluating lung cancer patients with suspected hilar or mediastinal metastases, as well as for evaluating unclear mediastinal or hilar lesions.
    Endoscopy 10/2005; 37(9):833-9. · 5.74 Impact Factor
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    M Krasnik, P Vilmann, S S Larsen, G K Jacobsen
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to gain experience with a new method of endoscopic transbronchial ultrasonography with direct, real time guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EBUS-FNA). EBUS-FNA was performed in 11 patients. Selection of the patients for EBUS-FNA was based on computed tomographic (CT) scanning in 10 patients and on positron emission tomography in one. The ultrasonic bronchoscope used was a prototype with an outer diameter of 6.9 mm. The instrument has a small curved array transducer located in front of a 30 degrees oblique forward viewing optic lens and a biopsy channel of 2 mm. The procedures were performed under general anaesthesia. EBUS-FNA was performed by direct transducer contact with the trachea or main bronchi with a prototype 22 gauge needle. A total of 15 lesions were punctured. No complications were experienced. Four lesions were targeted in region 10L, four in region 10R, one in region 4L, three in region 4R, one in region 1, one in region 7, and one in region 2R. The size of the lesions ranged from 7 mm to 80 mm. EBUS-FNA identified malignant cells in 13 lesions and benign cells in two. EBUS-FNA is a promising technique for lymph node staging of lung cancer as well as for the primary diagnosis of solid lesions located adjacent to the trachea and main bronchi and not accessible by other methods apart from surgical intervention.
    Thorax 01/2004; 58(12):1083-6. · 8.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration biopsy (EUS-FNA) in patients with mediastinal masses suspected of malignancy. From April 1993 to December 1999, 84 patients were referred for EUS-FNA. In all patients CT scanning had shown a lesion of the mediastinum suspected of malignancy located adjacent to the oesophagus. In order to evaluate the clinical impact of EUS-FNA, the history of each patient up to referral for EUS-FNA was reviewed. A board of thoracic specialists was asked to decide the further course of the patient if EUS-FNA had not been available, and this diagnostic strategy was compared with the actual clinical course after EUS-FNA. For the 79 patients in whom sufficient verification was obtained, EUS-FNA had a sensitivity of 92%, specificity of 100%, PPV of 100%, NPV of 80%, and an accuracy of 94% for cancer of the mediastinum. In 18 of 37 patients (49%) a thoracotomy/thoracoscopy was avoided as a result of EUS-FNA, and in 28 of 41 patients (68%) a mediastinoscopy was avoided. The direct result of the cytological diagnosis obtained by EUS-FNA was that a final diagnosis of small cell lung cancer was made in eight patients resulting in referral for chemotherapy, and in another three patients with benign disease specific treatment could be initiated (sarcoidosis, mediastinal abscess, and leiomyoma of the oesophagus). EUS-FNA is a safe and sensitive minimally invasive method for evaluating patients with a solid lesion of the mediastinum suspected by CT scanning. EUS-FNA has a significant impact on patient management and should be considered for diagnosing the spread of cancer to the mediastinum in patients with lung cancer considered for surgery, as well as for the primary diagnosis of solid lesions located in the mediastinum adjacent to the oesophagus.
    Thorax 03/2002; 57(2):98-103. · 8.38 Impact Factor
  • M Krasnik, P Vilman, S Larsen, G. K Jacobsen
    Lung Cancer. 01/2000; 29(1):253-254.
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    ABSTRACT: The value of SPECT scanning in diagnosis and growth potential of vestibular schwannoma (VS) was investigated in a series of 29 patients. SPECT demonstrated all tumours > 0.8 cm3, but had limitations as a diagnostic modality of small intracanalicular tumours, when compared to gadolinium DTPA enhanced MR. SPECT was found to be valuable in determining VS growth potential as it reflects tumour vascularity, which is essential for tumour growth. A high radioactive tracer uptake in the tumour corresponded to high tumour vascularity, indicating a high growth rate and vice versa. It seems that we now have an in vivo functional radiological modality capable of providing data on VS vascularity and determination of growth potential in the individual tumour.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 06/1999; 161(18):2673-8.
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    ABSTRACT: BAX and related proteins encoded by the BCL2 gene family are involved in the regulation of apoptosis. BAX is an apoptosis-promoting protein. The slow growth of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has so far been explained by a high apoptotic activity. We investigated immunohistochemically 27 BCCs for expression of the apoptosis-promoting BAX protein. BCC did not express detectable amounts of BAX immunohistochemically. The results indicate that apoptosis in BCC does not involve BAX protein. We propose that the apoptotic pathway in BCC is regulated by either less common members of the BCL2 gene family or bypasses the regulation of the BCL2 gene family.
    British Journal of Dermatology 10/1998; 139(3):472-4. · 3.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this prospective, randomized study was to investigate the possibility of performing pleurodesis using a small percutaneous catheter (Cystofix catheter, CH10, 65 cm) inserted at bedside in patients with recurrent malignant pleural effusion and to compare this catheter with a conventional large bore chest tube (CH24) placed in connection with diagnostic thoracoscopy. After drainage pleurodesis was performed with tetracycline as sclerosing agent. Of 18 evaluable consecutive patients (mean age 67.8 years) nine were randomized for pleurodesis with the small and nine for the large catheter. In the former group, the majority (seven of nine) did not find insertion of the catheter more unpleasant than thoracentesis. In the latter group only a few (two of nine) found insertion comparable with thoracentesis (P < 0.05). All patients found the presence of the large catheter very or somewhat unpleasant (two and seven patients), whereas this was only the case for a few (no and two patients) treated with the small catheter (P < 0.05). In the former group three patients required new thoracentesis, whereas this was only the case for two patients in the latter group (P > 0.05). No complications were seen. We conclude that pleurodesis in patients with recurrent malignant pleural effusion can be performed with a small percutaneous catheter (Cystofix) with an effect similar to that obtained with a large-bore chest tube and with less discomfort for the patient.
    Respiratory Medicine 04/1998; 92(3):593-6. · 2.59 Impact Factor
  • K Rossen, T Haerslev, K Hou-Jensen, G K Jacobsen
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    ABSTRACT: Basaloid proliferations overlying dermatofibromas which morphologically resemble superficial basal cell carcinomas have been interpreted as both reactive/regressive and frankly malignant. Metallothioneins (MTs) are low-molecular-weight proteins with a selective binding affinity for heavy metal ions. MTs has been proposed to represent a biological marker of carcinogenesis and, in a variety of human tumours, a correlation between immunohistochemically overexpression of MT and aggressive clinical behaviour has been shown. In order to clarify the nature of basaloid proliferations overlying dermatofibromas, we examined, immunohistochemically, 10 dermatofibromas with overlying simple hyperplasia, 16 dermatofibromas with overlying basaloid proliferation, and 35 basal cell carcinomas, for expression of MT. In normal epidermis, the basal keratinocytes showed cytoplasmatic MT immunoreactivity. The staining intensity was stronger in the basal cells of the rete ridges, an observation which is in accordance with the high proportion of S-phase cells in this area. Simple hyperplasia showed the same MT expression pattern as normal epidermis. Basaloid proliferations stained like superficial and nodular basal cell carcinomas. Of nodular basal cell carcinomas, 92% (12 of 13) showed decreased/absent MT immunoreactivity, while 86% (six of seven) of infiltrating/morphoea-like basal cell carcinomas showed overexpression of MT (P = 0.001, Fisher's exact test). The results demonstrate that MT overexpression in basal cell carcinomas is correlated with infiltrative growth pattern. The similar expression of MT in basaloid proliferations and 'non-infiltrating' basal cell carcinomas suggests that these lesions share a common change in metabolism and/or differentiation.
    British Journal of Dermatology 02/1997; 136(1):30-4. · 3.76 Impact Factor
  • K Rossen, T Haerslev, K Hou-Jensen, G K Jacobsen
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    ABSTRACT: Basaloid proliferations overlying dermatofibromas resembling superficial basal cell carcinomas have been interpreted both as reactive/regressive and frankly malignant. Basal cell carcinoma is a slow-growing tumour, which so far has been regarded as an actively proliferating lesion with a high apoptotic activity. We examined immunohistochemically 6,dermatofibromas with overlying simple hyperplasia, 12 dermatofibromas with overlying basaloid proliferations, and 24 basal cell carcinomas for expression of Ki-67 protein, and bcl-2 protein. The Ki-67 labelling index represents an estimate of proliferative activity. Bcl-2 protein suppresses apoptosis. The Ki-67 labelling indexes of basaloid proliferations, basal cell carcinomas, and normal epidermis were similar (11-15%, p < 0.05, Mann-Whitney test). Bcl-2 protein was expressed in all cells of basaloid proliferations, similar to the expression pattern in basal cell carcinomas. We suggest that basaloid proliferations overlying dermatofibromas might have achieved a phenotype that equals an early stage of BCC carcinogenesis.
    Apmis 02/1997; 105(1):35-40. · 2.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Thallium chloride 201Tl combined with SPECT was performed in a series of 29 patients with neuroradiological evidence of vestibular schwannoma (VS). The relative tumor uptake (U) and relative tumor concentration (C) of the radiotracer 201Tl was determined, and the cerebellum served as a reference. The relative tracer concentration and uptake were correlated to tumor volume determined by gadolinium DTPA enhanced MR, to prediagnostic duration of symptoms, to tumor vascularity expressed by the average number of intratumoral vessels using the endothelial marker CD31, and to the proliferative activity in the tumors expressed by positive staining with the monoclonal antibody MIB-1 for Ki-67. A positive 201TI enhancement was detected in 17 tumors (n = 17). Tumors U and C were statistically unrelated to tumor volume (p = 0.236 and p = 0.439). SPECT demonstrated all tumors > 0.8 cm3, but it had its limitation as a diagnostic modality of small intracanalicular tumors, when compared with gadolinium DTPA enhanced MR. Relating U and C in all tumors (n = 29) and the prospectively registered data on the prediagnostic duration of symptoms, a statistical significance was found (p = 0.012 and p = 0.015). No statistically significant correlation was observed between U and C and the proliferative activity of the tumors expressed by positive staining with the monoclonal antibody MIB-1 for Ki-67 (p = 0.063 and p = 0.086). A statistically significant correlation was noted between C and U in the operated group (n = 12) and tumor vascularity expressed by the average number of the intratumoral vessels (p = 0.003 and p = 0.014). SPECT was found to be superior to MR in determining VS growth potentials as it expresses tumor vascularity, which is essential for tumor growth. It seems that we now have an in vivo functional radiological modality capable of providing data on VS vascularity and determination of growth potential in the individual tumor. A high radioactive tracer uptake in the tumor corresponded to high tumor vascularity, indicating a high growth rate and vice versa.
    Acta Oto-Laryngologica 01/1997; 117(1):35-40. · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new monoclonal antibody against estrogen receptor (ID5, Dako) has shown promising results when applied to formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue. In order to determine whether this antibody can compete in specificity and sensitivity with the ER-ICA antibody (Abbott Laboratories), a comparative, prospective study of the two antibodies was carried out on paraffin embedded and fresh frozen tissue in three laboratories. Two hundred and fifteen breast carcinomas were examined. Formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue was available from 215 tumors, and fresh frozen tissue from 189 of the tumors. Of these, 124 tumors were also investigated by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results from each of the three laboratories correspond with those obtained for the whole material. The percentage of tumors positive for estrogen receptors within the different methods, was as follows: 71% by ID5 on paraffin sections, 50% by ER-ICA on paraffin sections, 65% ER-ICA on frozen sections and 88% by the EIA. When comparing the different immunohistochemical results and the EIA in 2 x 2 tables, agreement was reached in 69% to 91% of the cases. The best agreement (91%) was found between results obtained with the ID5 antibody used on formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue and the ER-ICA kit used on fresh frozen tissue. The advantages of using the ID5 antibody are associated with its applicability to formalin fixed, paraffin embedded tissue: improved morphology, reproducibility, retrospective studying and low costs. Finally, it is reproducible not only within the same laboratory but also among different laboratories.
    Pathology - Research and Practice 11/1996; 192(10):983-8. · 1.21 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The study details our preliminary experience with endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of mediastinal masses suspected of malignancy. Prospective uncontrolled study. Nine patients had lesions suspected of malignancy ranging from 1 to 9 cm in diameter in various locations of the mediastinum. The EUS examination was performed with a gastroscope (Hitachi/Pentax FG-32 UA) equipped with an adjustable 5- or 7.5-MHz curved array ultrasonic transducer. The scanning plane is in the long axis of the endoscope allowing endosonographically guided biopsy to be performed. A 21-gauge (0.8 mm), full-length steel needle housed in a biopsy handle (type: Hancke/Vilmann; GIP-Medizin Technik; Grassau, Germany) was used for the biopsies. Nine patients had biopsy specimens taken from 13 lesions. The total number of needle passes was 18 (range, 1 to 3; median, 1.4). The cytologic diagnosis was conclusive for cancer in ten lesions and consistent with a benign lesion in three lesions. All ten malignant diagnoses and two benign diagnoses were confirmed either by operation or follow-up. In the last patient with lung cancer, a final diagnosis of the EUS-guided biopsy of an enlarged lymph node could not be obtained. No false-positive or negative biopsy diagnoses were recorded. The biopsy procedure was well tolerated by all patients, and there were no complications. EUS-guided aspiration biopsy is a significant advance in the differentiation between malignant and benign lesions of the mediastinum carrying a high diagnostic potential.
    Chest 09/1996; 110(2):539-44. · 5.85 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Vestibular schwannoma (VS) growth potentials were studied in an in situ model, in which the cycling cellular fraction was determined immunohistochemically by applying the mouse monoclonal Ki-67 antibody, and the tumor ploidy was estimated by DNA flow cytometry in a consecutive series of 124 VSs. The tumors were classified according to the average number of positively stained nuclei in 10 high-power fields into three groups: 28 highly (> 10), 33 moderately (> 5-10) and 63 low proliferating (< or = 5). The intratumoral proliferative variation was studied in 10 tumors. Only slight variation in the number of the positively stained nuclei were observed. Six of seven tumors removed because of macroscopically documented growth by computed tomography (CAT) scan were moderately or highly proliferative. Proliferation of VS was correlated to prospectively registered clinical data. A statistically significant relation was found between VS proliferation and the prediagnostic duration of symptoms (p = 0.0001). The proliferative status was unrelated to age, sex, and tumor size. Flow-cytometric determination of DNA index of the 124 tumors revealed 12 tetraploid (DNA index = 2), 110 diploid (DNA) index = 1) and two nondiploid tumors. A statistically significant relation was noted between tumor ploidy and proliferation status expressed by Ki-67 (p = 0.024). The tetraploid tumors showed significantly lower proliferation compared with the diploid tumors. Tumor ploidy was statistically unrelated to age, sex, tumor size, and duration of symptoms. The results of this study provide a link between the immunohistochemical, flow cytometric findings, and clinical data, which could probably be relevant in identifying patients at risk for rapid tumor growth and tumor recurrences, because a rapid test for cell proliferation is now available.
    The American journal of otology 04/1996; 17(2):301-6.
  • F M Pedersen, N Milman, G K Jacobsen
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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare disease of unknown aetiology. The clinical and paraclinical findings consist of recurrent haemoptysis, pulmonary infiltrates and iron deficiency anaemia. Examination of sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid obtained at fiberoptic bronchoscopy discloses large numbers of haemosiderin-laden alveolar macrophages. Pulmonary interstitial fibrosis may develop. As pulmonary haemosiderosis can be observed in association with several diseases, IPH is basically a diagnosis made by exclusion of other causes. The treatment consists of immunosuppression with steroids and cytotoxic drugs.
    Ugeskrift for laeger 03/1996; 158(7):921-2.
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    ABSTRACT: Nerve growth factor (NGF) has the potential to induce cellular differentiation in various neoplastic and non-neoplastic cell lines. The purpose of the present study was to determine by immunohistochemistry: the presence/distribution of nerve growth factor receptor (NGFr), cellular proliferation expressed by Ki-67, and intratumoral vascularization visualized by the endothelial marker CD 31, in a series of 61 human vestibular schwannoma heterotransplants in athymic nude mice. The immunohistochemical results were correlated to the observed macroscopic growth in 22 heterotransplants (36%) with obvious macroscopic growth, versus 39 heterotransplants (64%), that were stationary or regressed. The positive immunoreactivity to NGFr, number of Ki-67 positive nuclei and number of intratumoral vessels were significantly higher in the 22 (36%) growing heterotransplants than in the 39 heterotransplants (64%), which were stationary or regressed (p < 0.00005, p = 0.046, p < 0.00001). NGFr was statistically related to the vascularity of the heterotransplants expressed by CD 31 (p<0.00001). No significant relation was observed between NGFr and the proliferation, as estimated by Ki-67. The results revealed that the macroscopic growth of VS in athymic nude mice was associated with strong positive expression of NGFr, high cellular proliferation expressed by Ki-67 and vivid neovascularization expressed by CD 31. The possible clinical applicability of the achieved results is discussed.
    Acta Oto-Laryngologica 02/1996; 116(1):59-63. · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • T Haerslev, G K Jacobsen, K Zedeler
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    ABSTRACT: The immunoreactivity for Ki-67 and PCNA was investigated in 487 patients with primary breast carcinomas using MIB-1 (Immunotech, France) and PC-10 (DAKO, Denmark) as primary antibodies. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue sections were used. The immunoreactivity for Ki-67 and PCNA was found to be independent of the length of fixation if the sections were pretreated in a microwave oven in citrate buffer and distilled water, respectively. The immunostaining was evaluated semiquantitatively. High Ki-67 score (more than 1% positive tumour cells) and PCNA over-expression (more than 25% positive tumour cells) were correlated with clinicopathological parameters such as large tumour size, high histological grade (poor differentiation), and absence of steroid hormone receptors, which are parameters of an aggressive phenotype of the tumour. In univariate analysis of survival data, both Ki-67 and PCNA were parameters of a poor overall survival in both lymph node-positive and -negative patients. In multivariate anlaysis using a Cox model stratified by nodal status, Ki-67 and PCNA failed to be of prognostic significance whereas classical histopathological parameters such as tumour size and histological grade turned out to be of independent prognostic significance in both lymph node-positive and -negative patients, while progesterone receptors were of independent prognostic significance only in lymph node-positive patients.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 02/1996; 37(2):101-13. · 4.47 Impact Factor
  • N Milman, N Graudal, G K Jacobsen
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    ABSTRACT: During a 7-year period bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed as a routine diagnostic procedure at fiberoptic bronchoscopy in 172 consecutive patients with diffuse pulmonary lesions. In 42 patients, BAL was technically insufficient or data were incomplete. These patients were excluded. The remaining 130 patients consisted of 78 men and 52 women with a median age of 43 years (range 19-79); 59 were smokers. They were divided into 6 groups: I. sarcoidosis (n = 77); II. cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (n = 16); III. secondary fibrosing alveolitis (n = 7); IV. malignancy (n = 7); V. allergic alveolitis (n = 6); VI. miscellaneous (n = 17). Group VI was not included in the statistical evaluation, which involved only the 113 patients in groups I-V. BAL was performed in a segment of the right middle lobe with 150-200 ml isotonic saline. The return fluid (BALF) was filtered through two layers of cotton gauze, and total and differential cell counts were assessed. Median BALF return volume was 67% (range 35-90). Eighty percent of the procedures were performed by the same operator. Total cell count displayed no significant difference amongst the five diagnostic groups (p = 0.06). Differential cell count displayed differences amongst the groups respecting macrophages (p = 0.002), lymphocytes (p = 0.0004), neutrophils (p = 0.0001) and eosinophils (p = 0.04). Patients with sarcoidosis had a higher percentage of lymphocytes, patients with secondary fibrosis a higher percentage of neutrophils, and patients with cryptogenic fibrosis a higher percentage of eosinophils than the other groups. Malignant cells were observed in BALF in 14.3% of patients with malignant lesions. Among the patients with sarcoidosis, 75% had a lymphocyte-dominated BALF (> 10%) compared with 31% of the patients with cryptogenic fibrosis, 14% of the patients with secondary fibrosis, and 43% of the patients with malignancy. Dominance of neutrophils (> 10%) and/or eosinophils (> 5%) in BALF was observed in cryptogenic and secondary fibrosis. In most patients, BAL cannot provide a definite diagnosis, but may support the clinical suspicion of a specific diagnosis. In clinical practice, BAL seems to be of limited value in the diagnostic evaluation of radiologically detected diffuse, non-infectious pulmonary lesions.
    Apmis 10/1995; 103(10):764-8. · 2.07 Impact Factor
  • T Haerslev, K Rossen, K Hou-Jensen, G K Jacobsen
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    ABSTRACT: Basaloid proliferations of epidermis overlying dermatofibromas and morphologically resembling superficial basal cell carcinomas might possess a malignant potential. In order to elucidate whether these basaloid proliferations share phenotypic characteristics with malignancy, we examined immunohistochemically 19 cases of dermatofibroma with overlying epidermal basaloid proliferations, 10 dermatofibromas with overlying simple epidermal proliferations, and 10 invasive basal cell carcinomas for expression of p53. Simple and basaloid proliferations showed sparse positive immunostaining for p53, as seen in normal epidermis. No differences in staining pattern or number of positive keratinocytes could be demonstrated between these conditions. The dermatofibromas were negative. The invasive basal cell carcinomas showed abundant p53 positivity. The lack of p53 immunoreactivity in the epidermal basaloid proliferations overlying dermatofibromas indicates that these lesions have not acquired a phenotype as seen in malignant conditions.
    Acta Dermato Venereologica 06/1995; 75(3):187-9. · 3.49 Impact Factor
  • T Haerslev, G K Jacobsen, K Zedeler
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    ABSTRACT: Metallothionein (MT) is a low-molecular-weight protein with a high affinity for group II metal ions, especially zinc and copper. MT serves as an intracellular reservoir of these ions, but may also be involved in the detoxification of certain toxic metal ions such as cadmium. In addition, high MT contents might protect tumour cells from alkylating agents and irradiation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of immunohistochemically detected MT overexpression in patients with primary breast carcinoma: 478 patients with primary breast carcinoma diagnosed during the period 1980-1985 were included. Formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue was used. Immunoreactivity for MT was found to be independent of the length of formalin fixation if the sections were microwave processed before incubation with the primary antibody. Patients were divided into two groups: those with MT overexpression (more than 10% positive tumour cells) and those with low expression (less than 10% positive tumour cells). MT overexpression was correlated with postmenopausal status, large tumour size, presence of lymph node metastases, high number of mitoses, severe nuclear pleomorphism, high histological grade (poor differentiation), and absence of PgR. In univariate analysis of survival data, MT overexpression was a predictor of poor overall survival in the entire group of patients. In multivariate analysis, MT overexpression failed to be of prognostic significance, whereas classical histopathological parameters such as tumour size, histological grade, and PgR were of independent prognostic significance.
    Apmis 05/1995; 103(4):279-85. · 2.07 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

951 Citations
110.84 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1993–2009
    • Copenhagen University Hospital Gentofte
      Hellebæk, Capital Region, Denmark
    • Herlev Hospital
      • Department of Pathology
      Herlev, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 1997
    • IT University of Copenhagen
      København, Capital Region, Denmark
  • 1993–1996
    • University of Copenhagen
      København, Capital Region, Denmark