[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A systemic inflammatory response is observed in patients undergoing hemorrhagic shock and sepsis. Here we report increased levels of cold-inducible RNA-binding protein (CIRP) in the blood of individuals admitted to the surgical intensive care unit with hemorrhagic shock. In animal models of hemorrhage and sepsis, CIRP is upregulated in the heart and liver and released into the circulation. In macrophages under hypoxic stress, CIRP translocates from the nucleus to the cytosol and is released. Recombinant CIRP stimulates the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and HMGB1 from macrophages and induces inflammatory responses and causes tissue injury when injected in vivo. Hemorrhage-induced TNF-α and HMGB1 release and lethality were reduced in CIRP-deficient mice. Blockade of CIRP using antisera to CIRP attenuated inflammatory cytokine release and mortality after hemorrhage and sepsis. The activity of extracellular CIRP is mediated through the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)-myeloid differentiation factor 2 (MD2) complex. Surface plasmon resonance analysis indicated that CIRP binds to the TLR4-MD2 complex, as well as to TLR4 and MD2 individually. In particular, human CIRP amino acid residues 106-125 bind to MD2 with high affinity. Thus, CIRP is a damage-associated molecular pattern molecule that promotes inflammatory responses in shock and sepsis.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sepsis is an acute inflammatory condition that can result in multiple organ failure and acute lung injury (ALI). Growth arrest-specific protein 6 (Gas6) is a broad regulator of the innate immune response involved with the NF-κB signaling pathway. We hypothesized that Gas6 could have a protective role in attenuating the severity of ALI and sepsis. Male mice were subjected to sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) after which recombinant murine Gas6 (rmGas6; 5 μg/mouse) or normal saline (vehicle) was administered intravenously. Blood and lung tissues were collected at 20 h after CLP for various measurements. Treatment with rmGas6 significantly reduced serum levels of the injury markers AST, ALT and LDH as well as proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-17, compared to the vehicle group (P<0.05). The parenchyma of the lungs damaged by CLP was attenuated by rmGas6 treatment. Lung mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-17 and MIP-2 were decreased by 60%, 86%, 82%, 93% and 82%, respectively, with rmGas6 treatment as determined by real time RT-PCR (P<0.05). The degradation of IκB-α induced by CLP in the lungs was inhibited by rmGas6 treatment. The number of neutrophils and myeloperoxidase activity in the lungs were significantly reduced in the rmGas6 group. Moreover, rmGas6 reduced the in-vitro migration of differentiated human promyelocytic HL60 cells by 64%. Finally, the 10-day survival rate of mice subjected to CLP was increased from 31% in the vehicle group to 67% in the rmGas6 group (P<0.05). Thus, Gas6 has potential to be developed as a novel therapeutic agent to treat patients with sepsis and acute lung injury.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Forty-eight hour kidney transplantation admissions are a feasible option in selected recipients of live-donor allografts through the use of standardized post-operative protocols, multidisciplinary team patient care, and intensive follow-up at outpatient centers. Age, gender, and pre-transplant dialysis status did not impact the ability to achieve 48-hour admissions. We did not identify any other pre-operative risk factors that contributed to increased length of stay. Although ABO and highly sensitized recipients had longer lengths of stay, the subgroup was too small to achieve statistical significance. We did not encounter any readmissions within the first seven post-operative days. Further improvements in clinical management will enhance the potential to shorten the length of hospital stay for all kidney transplant recipients.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pneumatosis intestinalis and portal venous gas are findings usually associated with intra-abdominal surgical catastrophes that frequently require emergent surgical intervention. Herein we present a case of a patient who presented in septic shock, with extensive portal vein gas, diffuse intestinal wall thickening, and atherosclerotic vascular insufficiency in the absence of pneumatosis intestinalis. Given his advanced age, multiple comorbidities, magnitude of the initial findings, and his dramatic clinical response to aggressive fluid resuscitation, a cognitive decision was made to continue with nonoperative management. The patient recovered uneventfully and was discharged home in a stable condition.
International Journal of Angiology 06/2013; 22(2):123-6.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Kidney transplantation is the preferred clinical and most cost-effective option for end-stage renal disease. Significant advances have taken place in the care of the transplant patients with improvements in clinical outcomes. The optimization of the costs of transplantation has been a constant goal as well. We present herein the impact in financial outcomes of a shortened length of stay after kidney transplant.
International Journal of Angiology 06/2013; 22(2):101-4.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Catheterization of the urinary bladder during kidney transplantation is essential. The optimal time to remove the Foley catheter postoperatively is not universally defined. It is our practice to remove the Foley catheter on postoperative day 1 in live donor kidney transplant recipients who meet our standardized protocol criteria. We believe that early removal of Foley catheters increases patient comfort and mobility, decreases the risk of catheter associated urinary tract infections, and allows for decreased hospital length of stay. The hypothetical risk of early removal of Foley catheters would be the increased risk of urine leak. We reviewed 120 consecutive live donor kidney transplant recipients and found that there was not an increased incidence of urine leaks in patients whose Foley catheters were removed on postoperative day 1.
International Journal of Angiology 03/2013; 22(1):45-8.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Non-invasive imaging studies can provide visualization of allograft perfusion in the postoperative evaluation of newly transplanted renal allografts. AIM: The purpose of our study was to evaluate the significance of elevated renal artery velocities in the immediate postoperative period. METHODS: Peak systolic velocities (PSVs) were obtained in the transplanted renal artery of 128 patients immediately after transplantation. Repeat allograft Doppler ultrasonography was performed on patients with elevated values. RESULTS: Of the 128 patients, 57 (44.5%) had severely elevated Doppler velocities >400 cm/s on the initial studies. Three patients within this category had persistently elevated values of >400 cm/s, warranting angiographic visualization of the renal vessels. Stent placement within the transplanted renal artery was required in two of these patients. There was normalization of the PSV in the remaining patients. CONCLUSIONS: Routine allograft Doppler ultrasonography in the immediate postoperative period allows for visualization of allograft perfusion. Elevated renal artery velocities in the immediate postoperative period do not necessarily represent stenosis requiring intervention. Failure of the PSV to normalize may require further intervention, and angiography continues to be the gold standard.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is well characterized in stem cell biology and plays a critical role in liver development, regeneration, and homeostasis. We hypothesized that pharmacological activation of Wnt signaling protects against hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through its known proliferative and anti-apoptotic properties. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent 70% hepatic ischemia by microvascular clamping of the hilum of the left and median lobes of the liver for 90 min, followed by reperfusion. Wnt agonist (2-amino-4-[3,4-(methylenedioxy) benzylamino]-6-(3-methoxyphenyl) pyrimidine, 5 mg/kg BW) or vehicle (20% DMSO in saline) in 0.5 ml was injected intraperitoneally (i.p.) 1 h prior to ischemia or infused intravenously over 30 min right after ischemia. Blood and tissue samples from the pre-treated groups were collected 24 h after reperfusion, and a survival study was performed. Hepatic expression of β-catenin and its downstream target gene Axin2 were decreased after I/R while Wnt agonist restored their expression to sham levels. Wnt agonist blunted I/R-induced elevations of AST, ALT, and LDH and significantly improved the microarchitecture of the liver. The cell proliferation determined by Ki67 immunostaining significantly increased with Wnt agonist treatment and inflammatory cascades were dampened in Wnt agonist-treated animals, as demonstrated by attenuations in IL-6, myeloperoxdase, iNOS and nitrotyrosine. Wnt agonist also significantly decreased the amount of apoptosis, as evidenced by decreases in both TUNEL staining as well as caspase-3 activity levels. Finally, the 10-day survival rate was increased from 27% in the vehicle group to 73% in the pre-treated Wnt agonist group and 55% in the Wnt agonist post-ischemia treatment group. Thus, we propose that direct Wnt/β-catenin stimulation may represent a novel therapeutic approach in the treatment of hepatic I/R.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Meckel diverticula are remnants of the omphalomesenteric duct. They have 2% incidence in the general population, are usually asymptomatic, and tend to be diagnosed incidentally. The generally held principle had been that asymptomatic cases do not require resection, as exemplified by a 2008 systematic review of over 200 studies. However, a recent series reported an increased risk of malignancies, and recommended mandatory resection. We present a case of Meckel diverticulitis with concurrent infiltrative appendiceal carcinoid in a patient with right lower quadrant pain.
International Journal of Angiology 09/2012; 21(3):155-8.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: An ectopic pancreas is defined as pancreatic tissue lacking vascular or anatomic communication with the normal body of the pancreas. It is rarely symptomatic as it is found incidentally at laparotomy most of the time. Despite advances in diagnostic modalities, it still remains a challenge to the clinician to differentiate it from a neoplasm. It is prudent to differentiate it from neoplastic etiologies, as simple surgical excision can potentially be curative. We discuss the presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of an interesting case of ectopic pancreas presenting as a gastric antral tumor.
International Journal of Angiology 09/2012; 21(3):177-80.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Renal injury as a result of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) is a major clinical problem with a high mortality rate and a lack of therapeutic treatment. During I/R, cellular homeostasis is disrupted owing to energy depletion, leading to cell death. Fatty acid β-oxidation is the major metabolic pathway for generating adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the kidneys, which is governed by carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT1). C75 is a synthetic compound that up-regulates CPT1 activity. Thus, we hypothesized that C75 treatment could increase energy production and alleviate renal I/R injury.
We subjected male adult rats to renal I/R by bilateral renal pedicle clamping with microvascular clips for 60 min, followed by administration of 8% dimethyl sulfoxide (vehicle) or C75 (3 mg/kg body weight), with 5 animals/group. We collected blood and renal tissues 24 h after reperfusion and subjected them to various measurements and histological examination.
C75 treatment restored the loss of CPT1 activity and intracellular ATP levels in the kidneys after I/R. Administration of C75 significantly lowered serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, aspartate aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase levels elevated by I/R. C75 treatment preserved morphological features of the kidneys with a significant improvement in the damage score. In addition, C75 treatment inhibited the increase of TNF-α levels in serum and kidneys, and lowered myeloperoxidase activity in the kidneys after I/R.
Stimulation of CPT1 activity by C75 recovered ATP depletion, improved renal function, attenuated tissue injury, and inhibited proinflammatory cytokine production and neutrophil infiltration after renal I/R injury. Therefore, enhancing the metabolism pathways for energy production may provide a novel modality to treat renal I/R injury.
Journal of Surgical Research 06/2012; 177(1):157-64. · 2.02 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Wound infections are a major cause of morbidity after kidney transplantation. The purpose of our study was to evaluate an improved technique of wound closure. Data corresponding to 104 consecutive live donor kidney recipients were prospectively collected and analyzed. Our routine standard technique involved closure of the abdominal wall muscle and fascia in one layer with interrupted nonabsorbable full thickness sutures. No drains were used. The skin was closed with interrupted 2-0 nylon sutures 4 to 5 cm apart, leaving the skin and subcutaneous tissue in between partially open. Patients were allowed to shower starting on the first postoperative day. Examination of the wounds was continued for at least 1 month postoperatively, and then routinely as needed. All patients were thoroughly informed preoperatively of our technique. There were no immediate postoperative wound infections. There were no instances of dehiscence, evisceration, or need for revision. All patients were able to continue with their routine daily activities. Cosmetic results were satisfactory in all cases. We did not experience any patient complaints with respect to our technique. Patient satisfaction scores conducted by Press Ganey and Associates ranked in the 99 percentile with respect to peers undergoing kidney transplantation. Three patients returned six months postoperatively with suture granulomas which were treated nonoperatively. Partial closure of the skin wound with no associated drains is an effective and cosmetically desirable way to decrease the incidence of postoperative infections in kidney transplantation.
International Journal of Angiology 06/2012; 21(2):85-8.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bariatric surgery has been demonstrated to be an effective treatment for morbid obesity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence of pre- and post-operative deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in Lap-Band surgical patients. This study group comprised 56 consecutive patients who underwent Lap-Band surgery. Mean age and body mass index were 38 years (range: 18-64 years) and 50.9 kg/m(2) (range: 53-74 kg/m(2)), respectively. All the patients were screened with duplex ultrasonography pre- and post-operatively. There were no iliac, femoral, or popliteal vein thromboses detected at any given point of time. No patient had any clinical signs or symptoms of DVT post-operatively. There were no observable differences attributable to DVT prophylaxis. This data suggest that in the setting of chemical and mechanical prophylaxis, the incidence of DVT in patients undergoing Lap-Band surgery at an established bariatric centre is minimal.
Indian Journal of Surgery 04/2012; 74(2):146-8. · 0.09 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Insufficient clearance of apoptotic cells leads to increased inflammation and exaggerated organ injury. The opsonizing protein, milk fat globule epidermal growth factor-factor 8 (MFG-E8), upregulates apoptotic cell clearance. The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of apoptotic cell clearance, and whether inflammation, organ injury, and survival are improved after treatment with recombinant human MFG-E8 (rhMFG-E8) after hemorrhagic shock.
Male mice underwent a pressure-controlled (25 mm Hg ± 5 mm Hg) model of hemorrhagic shock for 90 minutes. They were resuscitated with normal saline with or without recombinant human MFG-E8 (rhMFG-E8) over 30 minutes. At 3.5-hour postresuscitation, blood and tissue were collected. MFG-E8 levels in the plasma, lungs, and spleen were measured. Apoptotic cell clearance was measured by cleaved caspase-3 levels and TUNEL staining. Neutrophil infiltration was assessed using myeloperoxidase activity in the lungs and spleen. Plasma and tissue levels of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α) were measured by ELISA. Finally, a seven-day survival study was also conducted.
MFG-E8 levels in the plasma, lungs, and spleen significantly decreased by 33%, 44%, and 55%, respectively, at 3.5 hour after hemorrhage and resuscitation with rhMFG-E8. Treatment with rhMFG-E8 significantly improved apoptosis, by reducing TUNEL+ cells after treatment and restoring cleaved caspase-3 expression back to baseline. Neutrophil infiltration was blunted by 29% and 41% in the lungs and spleen, respectively. Cytokine expression was also reduced significantly, by 64% to 73% in plasma, 24% to 58% in the lungs, and 49% to 76% in the spleen. Finally, animals demonstrated a superior survival rate over 7 days after treatment with rhMFG-E8.
The administration of rhMFG-E8 is a potent treatment in animals after hemorrhagic shock.
The journal of trauma and acute care surgery. 04/2012; 72(4):861-9.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular dysfunction, characterized by reduced cardiac contractility and depressed endothelium-dependent vascular relaxation, is common in severe sepsis. Although it is known that ghrelin produces beneficial effects following various adverse circulatory conditions, it remains unknown whether ghrelin increases cardiac contractility and improves vascular responsiveness to vasoactive agents in severe sepsis.
Male adult rats were subjected to sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). At 5 h after CLP, a bolus intravenous injection of 2 nmol ghrelin was followed by a continuous infusion of 12 nmol ghrelin via a primed mini-pump over 15 h. At 20 h after CLP (i.e., severe sepsis), the maximal rates of ventricular pressure increase (+dP/dt(max)) and decrease (-dP/dt(max)) were determined in vivo. In additional groups of animals, the thoracic aortae were isolated at 20 h after CLP. The aortae were cut into rings, and placed in organ chambers. Norepinephrine (NE) was used to induce vascular contraction. Dose responses for an endothelium-dependent vasodilator, acetylcholine (ACh), and an endothelium-independent vasodilator, nitroglycerine (NTG) were carried out.
+dP/dt(max) and -dP/dt(max) decreased significantly at 20 h after CLP. Treatment with ghrelin significantly increased +dP/dt(max) and -dP/dt(max) by 36% (P < 0.05) and 35% (P < 0.05), respectively. Moreover, NE-induced vascular contraction and endothelium-dependent (ACh-induced) vascular relaxation decreased significantly at 20 h after CLP. Administration of ghrelin, however, increased NE-induced vascular contraction and ACh-induced vascular relaxation. In contrast, no significant reduction in NTG-induced vascular relaxation was seen in rats with severe sepsis irrespective of ghrelin treatment.
Ghrelin may be further developed as a useful agent for maintaining cardiovascular stability in severe sepsis.
Journal of Surgical Research 03/2012; 178(1):370-7. · 2.02 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The gastrointestinal (GI) syndrome component of acute radiation syndrome (ARS) results from depletion of immature parenchymal stem cells after high dose irradiation and contributes significantly to early mortality. It is associated with severe, irreparable damage in the GI tract and extremely low survival. There is a need for the development of viable mitigators of whole body irradiation (WBI) due to the possibility of unexpected high level radiation exposure from nuclear accidents or attacks. We therefore examined the effect of recombinant human milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 (rhMFG-E8) in mitigating damage after WBI. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to 10 Gy WBI using Cesium-137 as the radiation source. The animals in the treatment group received rhMFG-E8 (166 µg/kg BW) subcutaneously once a day with the first dose given 6 h after WBI. Blood and tissue samples from the ileum were collected after 3 days of treatment. A separate cohort of animals was treated for 7 days and the 21 day mortality rate was determined. Treatment with rhMFG-E8 significantly improved the survival from 31% to 75% over 21 days. Furthermore, rhMFG-E8 treatment resulted in a 36% reduction in the radiation injury intestinal mucosal damage score, corresponding to visible histological changes. MFG-E8 gene expression was significantly decreased in WBI-induced animals as compared to sham controls. Treatment with rhMFG-E8 increased p53 and p21 expression by 207% and 84% compared to untreated controls. This was accompanied by an 80% increase in the expression of anti-apoptotic cell regulator Bcl-2. p53 and p21 levels correlate with improved survival after radiation injury. These cell regulators arrest the cell after DNA damage and enable DNA repair as well as optimize cell survival. Taken together, these results indicate that rhMFG-E8 ameliorates the GI syndrome and improves survival after WBI by minimizing intestinal cell damage and optimizing recovery.
PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(10):e46540. · 3.73 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and hemorrhagic shock often occur concomitantly due to multiple injuries. Gastrointestinal dysfunction occurs frequently in patients with TBI. However, whether alterations in the gastrointestinal system are involved in modulating neuronal damage and recovery after TBI is largely neglected. Ghrelin is a "gut-brain" hormone with multiple functions including antiinflammation and antiapoptosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ghrelin attenuates brain injury in a rat model of TBI and uncontrolled hemorrhage (UH). To study this, brain injury was induced by dropping a 450-g weight from 1.5 m onto a steel helmet attached to the skull of male adult rats. Immediately after TBI, a midline laparotomy was performed and both lumbar veins were isolated and severed at the junction with the vena cava. At 45 min after TBI/UH, ghrelin (4, 8 or 16 nmol/rat) or 1 mL normal saline (vehicle) was intravenously administered. Brain levels of TNF-α and IL-6, and cleaved PARP-1 levels in the cortex were measured at 4 h after TBI/UH. Beam balance test, forelimb placing test and hindlimb placing test were used to assess sensorimotor and reflex function. In additional groups of animals, ghrelin (16 nmol/rat) or vehicle was subcutaneously (s.c.) administered daily for 10 d after TBI/UH. The animals were monitored for 28 d to record body weight changes, neurological severity scale and survival. Our results showed that ghrelin downregulated brain levels of TNF-α and IL-6, reduced cortical levels of cleaved PARP-1, improved sensorimotor and reflex functions, and decreased mortality after TBI/UH. Thus, ghrelin has a great potential to be further developed as an effective resuscitation approach for the trauma victims with brain injury and severe blood loss.
Molecular Medicine 12/2011; 18(1):186-93. · 4.47 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vascular complications after a renal transplant are rare and critical. Duplex Doppler evaluation constitutes the primary imaging modality in renal transplant. Early diagnosis and appropriate intervention to address potential complications are crucial in graft survival. This report describes a 25-year-old woman who underwent a live-donor renal transplant. During a routine study 4 hours after surgery, she was found to have high peak flow velocities suggestive of stenosis. An angiogram obtained as a result of this finding showed no abnormalities. A repeat duplex Doppler sonogram performed 12 hours later revealed normal waveforms and velocities. Postrenal transplant vascular complications are rare but may represent a significant morbidity factor for patients and grafts. Peak wave forms, elevated velocities, and a tardus-parvus configuration are suggestive of vascular disorders that require aggressive evaluation. In our patient, the Doppler ultrasound, angiogram, and lack of clinical signs were compatible with a renal artery vasospasm. This entity, despite its reversibility in the majority of instances, may cause severe graft injury if it does not regress promptly.
Experimental and clinical transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation. 12/2011; 9(6):421-4.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Excessive inflammation and apoptosis contribute to the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. MFG-E8 is a 66-kDa glycoprotein that has shown tissue protection in various models of organ injury. However, the potential role of MFG-E8 in cerebral ischemia has not been investigated. We found that levels of MFG-E8 protein in the brain were reduced at 24 h after cerebral ischemia. To assess the potential role of MFG-E8 in cerebral ischemia, adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). At 1 h post-stroke onset, an intravenous administration of 1 ml saline as vehicle or 160 μg/kg BW recombinant human MFG-E8 (rhMFG-E8) as treatment was given. The optimal dose of rhMFG-E8 was obtained from previous dose-response organ protection in rat sepsis studies. Neurological scores were determined at 24 h and 48 h post-MCAO. Rats were sacrificed thereafter and brains rapidly removed and analyzed for infarct size, histopathology, and markers of inflammation and apoptosis. Compared with saline vehicle, rhMFG-E8 treatment led to significant decreases in sensorimotor and vestibulomotor deficits, and infarct size at 24 h and 48 h post-MCAO. Measures associated with improved outcome included reduced microglial inflammatory cytokine secretion, adhesion molecules and neutrophil influx, cleaved caspase-3, and upregulation of peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), and Bcl-2/Bax ratio leading to decreased apoptosis. Thus, rhMFG-E8 treatment is neuroprotective against cerebral ischemia through suppression of inflammation and apoptosis. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled 'Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder'.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Animal milk fat globule-EGF factor 8 (MFG-E8) has been shown to be beneficial in attenuating the inflammatory response in sepsis. In this study, we examined the effect of recombinant human MFG-E8 (rhMFG-E8) in an animal model of sepsis in an effort to develop it as a potential therapy against sepsis in humans.
Rats were subjected to sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP), and at 5 h post-CLP, they were given different doses of rhMFG-E8 (20, 40, 80, 160 μg/kg BW) in normal saline. At 20 h post-CLP, samples were collected for further analysis. A 10-day survival study was also performed.
At 20 h after CLP, organ injury indicators, serum IL-6 and TNF-α, and plasma HMGB-1 levels were significantly increased as compared to sham-operated animals. Treatment with 20 μg/kg rhMFG-E8 significantly reduced these levels. With higher doses, further reductions in AST and ALT (59-62%), creatinine (65-68%), and lactate (46-57%), and serum IL-6 and TNF-α were obtained. The 160 μg/kg dose produced the greatest reduction in serum TNF-α. With treatment with 20 μg/kg rhMFG-E8, HMGB-1 levels decreased by 80%, returning back to sham values. In a 10-day survival study, vehicle-treated animals produced a 36% survival rate, while rhMFG-E8 significantly improved the survival rate to 68-72%. Treatment with increasing doses of rhMFG-E8 significantly reduced the number of apoptotic cells detected and markedly attenuated the tissue damages observed in the lungs.
These data suggest that recombinant human MFG-E8 is beneficial in ameliorating sepsis in an animal model of sepsis.
European Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 09/2011; 38(1):128-36. · 5.17 Impact Factor