G. Christiani

Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

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Publications (11)94.14 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Using a complementary combination of x-ray diffraction and atomically resolved imaging we investigated the lattice structure of epitaxial LaNiO3/LaAlO3 superlattices grown on a compressive-strain inducing LaSrAlO4 (001) substrate. A refinement of the structure obtained from the x-ray data revealed the monoclinic I 2/c 1 1 space group. The (Ni/Al)O6 octahedral rotation angle perpendicular to the superlattice plane is enhanced, and the one parallel to the plane is reduced with respect to the corresponding bulk values. High-angle annular dark field imaging was used to determine the lattice parameters within the superlattice unit cell. High-resolution electron microscopy images of the oxygen atoms are consistent with the x-ray results.
    Applied Physics Letters 06/2014; 104(22). · 3.52 Impact Factor
  • Federico Baiutti, Georg Christiani, Gennady Logvenov
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    ABSTRACT: In this paper we present the atomic-layer-by-layer oxide molecular beam epitaxy (ALL-oxide MBE) which has been recently installed in the Max-Planck Institute for Solid State Research and we report on its present status, providing some examples that demonstrate its successful application in the synthesis of different layered oxides, with particular reference to superconducting La2CuO4 and insulator-to-metal La2- x Sr x NiO4. We briefly review the ALL-oxide MBE technique and its unique capabilities in the deposition of atomically smooth single-crystal thin films of various complex oxides, artificial compounds and heterostructures, introducing our goal of pursuing a deep investigation of such systems with particular emphasis on structural defects, with the aim of tailoring their functional properties by precise defects control.
    Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 01/2014; 5:596-602. · 2.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A combined analysis of x-ray absorption and resonant reflectivity data was used to obtain the orbital polarization profiles of superlattices composed of four-unit-cell-thick layers of metallic LaNiO3 and layers of insulating RXO3 (R=La, Gd, Dy and X=Al, Ga, Sc), grown on substrates that impose either compressive or tensile strain. This superlattice geometry allowed us to partly separate the influence of epitaxial strain from interfacial effects controlled by the chemical composition of the insulating blocking layers. Our quantitative analysis reveal orbital polarizations up to 25%. We further show that strain is the most effective control parameter, whereas the influence of the chemical composition of the blocking layers is comparatively small.
    Physical Review B 08/2013; 88(12). · 3.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: X-ray resonant reflectometry (XRR) is the ideal tool to study the depth resolved and element-specific electronic structure of multilayer films. By changing angle, energy and polarization of the incoming beam complete reflectivity maps can be measured leading in principle to an accurate picture of the depth resolved electronic states of thin films. The standard model used in reflectometry is based on compound layers with a defined thickness, roughness and dielectric tensor. But such a simple model is usually not capable to reproduce a full measured reflectivity map. The main reasons are especially contaminations, additional oxide layers and interdiffusion between layers. However, introducing a layer system based on the element specific atomic density and scattering factors instead of dielectrics tensors allows more degrees of freedom for the system and allows to reproduce the reflectivity maps. Thereby the advanced model is capable to retrieve the element specific density profiles of thin films. The method is introduced by analyzing a simple film of PrNiO3 grown on an
    03/2013;
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    ABSTRACT: The electron-phonon interaction is of central importance for the electrical and thermal properties of solids, and its influence on superconductivity, colossal magnetoresistance and other many-body phenomena in correlated-electron materials is the subject of intense research at present. However, the non-local nature of the interactions between valence electrons and lattice ions, often compounded by a plethora of vibrational modes, presents formidable challenges for attempts to experimentally control and theoretically describe the physical properties of complex materials. Here we report a Raman scattering study of the lattice dynamics in superlattices of the high-temperature superconductor YBa(2)Cu(3)O(7) (YBCO) and the colossal-magnetoresistance compound La(2/3)Ca(1/3)MnO(3) that suggests a new approach to this problem. We find that a rotational mode of the MnO(6) octahedra in La(2/3)Ca(1/3)MnO(3) experiences pronounced superconductivity-induced line-shape anomalies, which scale linearly with the thickness of the YBCO layers over a remarkably long range of several tens of nanometres. The transfer of the electron-phonon coupling between superlattice layers can be understood as a consequence of long-range Coulomb forces in conjunction with an orbital reconstruction at the interface. The superlattice geometry thus provides new opportunities for controlled modification of the electron-phonon interaction in complex materials.
    Nature Material 07/2012; 11(8):675-81. · 35.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The electron-phonon interaction is of central importance for the electrical and thermal properties of solids, and its influence on superconductivity, colossal magnetoresistance, and other many-body phenomena in correlated-electron materials is currently the subject of intense research. However, the non-local nature of the interactions between valence electrons and lattice ions, often compounded by a plethora of vibrational modes, present formidable challenges for attempts to experimentally control and theoretically describe the physical properties of complex materials. Here we report a Raman scattering study of the lattice dynamics in superlattices of the high-temperature superconductor $\bf YBa_2 Cu_3 O_7$ and the colossal-magnetoresistance compound $\bf La_{2/3}Ca_{1/3}MnO_{3}$ that suggests a new approach to this problem. We find that a rotational mode of the MnO$_6$ octahedra in $\bf La_{2/3}Ca_{1/3}MnO_{3}$ experiences pronounced superconductivity-induced lineshape anomalies, which scale linearly with the thickness of the $\bf YBa_2 Cu_3 O_7$ layers over a remarkably long range of several tens of nanometers. The transfer of the electron-phonon coupling between superlattice layers can be understood as a consequence of long-range Coulomb forces in conjunction with an orbital reconstruction at the interface. The superlattice geometry thus provides new opportunities for controlled modification of the electron-phonon interaction in complex materials.
    Nature Material 06/2012; 11(8). · 35.75 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Magnetic measurements on a ferromagnet/insulator/superconductor (La2/3Ca1/3MnO3/SrTiO3/YBa2Cu3O7−x) structures were performed with the field applied parallel to the plane of the film. We observed an evidence of a modification of the ferromagnetic domain structure in the magnetic layer induced by the superconducting transition in the neighboring superconducting YBa2Cu3O7−x layer.
    Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 04/2012; 324(7):1406–1409. · 2.00 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Epitaxial bilayers of ferromagnetic La2/3Ca1/3MnO3 (LCMO) and superconducting YBa2Cu3O7-d (YBCO) have been grown on single-crystalline SrTiO3 (STO) substrates by pulsed laser deposition. The Manganese magnetization profile across the FM layer has been determined with high spatial resolution at low temperatures by X-ray resonant magnetic reflectivity (XRMR). It is found that not only the adjacent superconductor but also the substrate underneath influences the magnetization of the LCMO film at the interfaces at low temperatures. Both effects can be investigated individually by XRMR.
    New Journal of Physics 09/2010; 13:033023. · 4.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Highly conducting interfaces of transition metal oxide heterolayers could provide a promising access to transition metal oxide based electronic devices similar to those based on semiconductor heterostructures. Recently, metallic conductivity has been reported at the LaAlO3/SrTiO3 heterointerface. Here we report the observation of diodelike behavior and the formation of a random diode network in thin films of LaVO3 deposited on as-polished SrTiO3 substrates. Depending on films annealing conditions we observed linear or nonlinear I-V characteristic below 50 K.
    Applied Physics Letters 01/2010; 96(4):042110-042110-3. · 3.52 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The observation of superconductivity in the layered transition metal oxide NaxCoO2 y H2O (K. Takada et al., Nature 422, 53 (2003)) has caused a tremendous upsurge of scientific interest due to its similarities and its differences to the copper based high-temperature superconductors. Two years after the discovery, we report the fabrication of single-phase superconducting epitaxial thin films of Na0.3CoO2 x 1.3 D2O grown by pulsed laser deposition technique. This opens additional roads for experimental research exploring the superconducting state and the phase diagram of this unconventional material.
    06/2007;
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    ABSTRACT: The observation of superconductivity in the layered transition metal oxide NaxCoO2.yH2O [K. Takada et al., Nature (London) 422, 53 (2003)] has caused a tremendous upsurge of scientific interest due to its similarities and its differences to the copper based high-temperature superconductors. Two years after the discovery, we report the fabrication of single-phase superconducting epitaxial thin films of Na0.3CoO2.1.3D2O grown by pulsed laser deposition technique. This opens additional roads for experimental research exploring the superconducting state and the phase diagram of this unconventional material.
    Applied Physics Letters 01/2006; 88. · 3.52 Impact Factor