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Publications (17)0.99 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A state of innate and adaptive immunity (leukocyte elastase (LE) activity, alpha(1)-proteinase inhibitor (alpha(1)-PI), the level of autoantibodies to nerve growth factor (Aab-NGF) and to basic myelin protein), have been studied in the blood serum of children with schizophrenia and compared to the changes of their clinical-psychopathological state. It has been shown that the exacerbation of schizophrenic process with early onset is accompanied by the activation of some parameters of innate immunity. But the higher activity of LE and alpha(1)-PI before the treatment cannot be considered as a predictive marker of therapeutic efficacy. At the same time, the decrease of LE activity during the treatment is a significant predictor of favorable therapeutic response. The unchanged level of Aab-NGF comparing to controls is also a favorable factor associated with therapeutic efficacy.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/2009; 109(6):46-9. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • N I Golubeva, G V Kozlovskaia, M A Kalinina
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    ABSTRACT: A group of 75 children of early age with depressive states of different origin comprising 25 children at high risk for schizophrenia, 30 orphans and 20 children with consequences of perinatal encephalopathy were examined. Clinical symptoms of these disorders had a number of peculiarities caused by depression origin, risk factors and the age. The most common features are the presence of somatic depression masks, somato-autonomic disturbances and signs of mental and physical retardation.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/2005; 105(11):16-20. · 0.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Leukocyte elastase (LE) activity, alpha1-proteinase inhibitor (alpha1-PI), C-reactive protein (CRP) as the indices of innate immunity and the level of autoantibodies to nerve growth factor (Aab-NGF) and to basic myelin protein (Aab-BMP) as the indices of adaptive immunity have been studied in the blood serum of 40 children at high risk for schizophrenia and in 32 children with schizophrenia. In the high-risk group, an increase both of the LE activity, CRP content and variance of alpha1-PI concentrations, indicating the activation of innate immunity, was found. LE activity correlated with severity of schizotypal diathesis. The development of schizophrenic process is accompanied by generalization of the immune response: along with activation of the innate immunity, there was activation of immunity acquired as an increase of the level of autoantibodies to neuroantigenes. It is suggested that activation of innate and adaptive immunity is related to the processes determining the disturbances of the nervous system development.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/2005; 105(11):45-9. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • G V Kozlovskaia, M A Kalinina, T P Kliushnik
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/2001; 101(7):59-61. · 0.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The level of autoantibodies (AAb) to nerve growth factor was evaluated in blood serum of 163 children with different forms of mental dysontogenesis of endogenic, residual-organic, psychogenic and deprivative origin. Significant elevation of the level of AAb was found in all forms of psychic dysontogenesis. The most significant elevation of the level of AAb (p < 0.01), as compared with the controls (45 children), was characteristic for endogenic forms of dysontogenesis (schizophrenia, early children's autism, schizotypic diathesis). The level of AAb was also found as an indicator of the acuteness of the pathologic state. Besides, its elevation was observed 1-2 weeks prior to the onset of the clinical exacerbation. Elevation of AAb level was also found in psychic dysontogenesis of residual-organic nature (children with perinatal encephalopathy), but it was not so significant as compared with the controls (p < 0.05%). The analysis in the age dynamics of children from this group revealed, that AAb level may serve as some prognostic index of the severity of psychic dysontogenesis. The level of AAb differs some states in schizotypic diathesis and deprivative dysontogenesis, which are clinically quite similar. The method for the estimation of serum AAb level may be proposed as screening in prophylactic medical examination of children from the first year of life under conditions of pediatric outpatient service for identification of risk-groups by psychic dysontogenesis to perform early special psychoprophylaxis.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 01/2000; 100(3):50-2. · 0.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Electroencephalographic study was performed in 30 children of 1-3 years old from the group with the high risk of schizophrenia. Clinical observation of the patients was performed in the period of EEG recording and follow-up study was also made during 10-12 years. Three groups of patients were picked out with the differences in both clinical and electrophysiologic indices. Bundle beta-activity was registered on EEG in the cases of an active schizophrenic process. A presence of the spindles of the sleep and their dominance on EEG were characteristic for children with nonprocessual disorders of psychopathic-like type with disinhibition of the drives. Hypersynchronism of delta- and theta-activities were observed in the cases of schizotypic diathesis and an early children's autism with the predominance of paroxysmal somato-autonomic disorders.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/1999; 99(3):37-40. · 0.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A level of autoantibodies (aAB) to nerve growth factor (NGF) was measured in blood serum of children from 4 groups: 1) schizophrenic patients; 2) children from the families, in which one of the parents suffered with schizophrenia (high risk groups of schizophrenia); 3) children with residual-organic damages of CNS; 4) control group. This index was also determined in their mothers. Significant elevation of a titer of aAB to NGF was observed in blood of children from groups 1 and 2 as well as in their mothers, as compared with 3 and 4 groups. Among the mothers of the children from 1 and 2 groups there were met women with different endogenous mental disorders, with the disorders of personality as well as mentally healthy women. An increase of a level of aAB to NGF was found in all the women from groups 1 and 2, independently of their mental status including mentally healthy women. Such results allow to consider elevated level of aAB to NGF as a risk factor of mental pathology.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/1999; 99(3):44-6. · 0.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: GNOM--is standard method of estimation of health state in babies and infants with determination of coefficient of mental development. Method's basis appears to be tasks and tests allowing to evaluate (in scores) the state of the main neuropsychiatric spheres, namely: sensory, motor, emotional, cognitive and social-communicative. Method exists both in ordinary and computer variations. It was approved in process of observation of 500 children. GNOM permits to perform the screening of children in big children's contingents. It may be used by either the physicians or other medical personnel as well as by the parents too.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/1997; 97(8):38-42. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/1997; 97(8):58-60. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • M A Kalinina, G V Kozlovskaia, T N Koroleva
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    ABSTRACT: 100 children of 1-3 years old were observed. In 50 of them depressive states developed in conditions of total deprivation--the situation of orphanhood. In other 50 children the depressions were caused by partial deprivation--upbringing by schizophrenic mother (children from group with high risk of schizophrenia). Three variations of depression were found in the first group: autonomic, somatizated, and regressive-apathetic. Depressions in the second group were presented either by infantile depression or by infantile distress-syndrome in frames of schizotypic diathesis.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/1997; 97(8):8-12. · 0.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Computed tomography (CT) was performed in 189 individuals: in 44 children of schizophrenic parents (high risk group, HRG), in 39 parents with schizophrenia or with schizophrenic disturbance, in 56 children with schizophrenia, in 50 children with consequences of early organic damages of central nervous system (mental retardation syndrome and generalized tic syndrome). The frequency of CT changes was equal in the mentioned groups but their character was quite different. The widening of brain's liquor system (89.7%), the signs of frontal and temporal atrophia (31%), foci of decreased density of cerebral brain's matter, closer in subcortical ganglia and periventricular zone, and different anomalies of brain were observed in HRG children.
    Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova / Ministerstvo zdravookhraneniia i meditsinskoi promyshlennosti Rossiiskoi Federatsii, Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo nevrologov [i] Vserossiiskoe obshchestvo psikhiatrov 02/1996; 96(4):46-50. · 0.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The authors summarize the data obtained during a comprehensive examination of 200 children of the first year of life with borderline mental disorders. Abnormalities of vegetative and instinctive regulation, psychomotor and affective disorders which are, as a rule, of the borderline nature, occupy the leading position in the structure of the above-indicated disorders. The latter ones are associated frequently enough with different types of development retardation and neurological deviations from normal. The signs of differentiating between these disorders and analogous ones within the framework of endogenous mental pathology are depicted. The role is demonstrated of etiological factors (perinatal encephalopathy, constitutional, psychosocial, disturbances of the mother-child system). The studies attest to the basic demonstrability of psychopathological abnormalities and to their great diversity in infants.
    Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952) 02/1991; 91(8):62-6. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • Pediatriia 02/1990;
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    ABSTRACT: The authors relate neuropsychic disorders in children and adolescents of Armenia in the acute period and 3 months after the earthquake. The pathological disorders were dependent on the individual reactivity of the child and environmental factors. 3 months after the earthquake 31% of the examines demonstrated marked mental disturbances. The prevalence of mental pathology among the population groups living in the regions damaged by the earthquake demands organization of specialized assistance for the population.
    Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952) 02/1990; 90(5):46-52. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • G V Kozlovskaia, G V Skoblo
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    ABSTRACT: The work is based upon a combined prospective investigation into an urban children population aged 0 to 4 years by a group of psychiatrists, neurologists, psychologists and an expert in neurophysiology. The age group under investigation showed a high incidence of mental disorders (10% on average). The authors have singled out some major lines of clinical research into the mental disorders and micropsychiatry including a number of practical issues of improving special therapeutic-preventive assistance to children population.
    Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952) 02/1989; 89(8):58-64. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • G V Kozlovskaia, A V Goriunova
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    ABSTRACT: The article is devoted to the topical questions of the study of the progeny born to patients with endogenic mental diseases, the search for psychopathological, neurological and other precursors of schizophrenia and the appearance of initial psychic disturbances associated with endogenic diseases in young children. A prospective study on the neuropsychic development of children from a high risk group has made it possible to identify specific deviations in the formation of mental and motor functions, as well as in the formation of behavioural reactions, contacts, and speech. Following specific disontogenesis some children developed psychopathological phenomena which may be considered as an onset of mental diseases at the given age. Further follow-up of this group of children will make it possible to differentiate symptoms of the disease from developmental deviations. At the present stage of the investigation it is difficult to answer the question whether the detected neuropsychic disintegration in the first years of life is only an indicator of subsequent schizophrenia.
    Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952) 02/1986; 86(10):1534-8. · 0.06 Impact Factor
  • Zhurnal nevropatologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova (Moscow, Russia: 1952) 02/1982; 82(10):109-13. · 0.06 Impact Factor