G J Joshi

Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mahisūr, Karnātaka, India

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Publications (5)5.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this paper, effect of different carbon and nitrogen sources, including hydrolysates of rice bran and wheat bran, on simultaneous production of α-amylase (for hydrolysis of starch in food systems) and polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA, a green biopolymer, which can be used as a packing material for foods) by Bacillus sp. CFR 67 was studied by submerged fermentation. Amongst various carbon sources tested, glucose and sucrose supported production of significantly (P < 0.05) higher amount of α-amylase (66 U/ml) and PHA (444 mg/l), respectively. Of the nitrogen sources tested, ammonium acetate and beef extract led to the production of maximum amount of amylase (36 U/ml) and PHA (592 mg/l), respectively. Supplementation of the production medium with wheat bran hydrolysate (50 ml/l) produced significantly higher amounts of amylase (73 U/ml) and PHA (524 mg/l). Thus this study indicated the potential of agro-residues for the production of value added biomolecules, which can reduce the cost of production of these molecules and enables to reduce the pollution mainly caused by the use of non biodegradable plastics.
    Journal of Food Science and Technology -Mysore- 04/2013; 50(2). · 1.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) and α-amylase (-1,4 glucan-4-glucanohydrolase, E.C. 3.2.1.1) were coproduced by Bacillus sp. CFR-67 using unhydrolysed corn starch as a substrate. Bacterial growth and polymer production were enhanced with the supplementation of hydrolysates of wheat bran (WBH) or rice bran (RBH) individually or in combination (5-20 g L-1, based on weight of soluble substrates-SS). In batch cultivation, a mixture of WBH and RBH (1:1, 10 g L-1 of SS) along with ammonium acetate (1.75 g L-1) and corn starch (30 g L-1) produced maximum quantity of biomass (10 g L-1) and PHA (5.9 g L-1). The polymer thus produced was a copolymer of polyhydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate of 95:5 to 90:10 mol%. Presence of WBH and corn starch (10-50 g L-1) in the medium enhanced fermentative yield of -amylase (2-40 U mL-1 min-1). The enzyme was active in a wide range of pH (4-9) and temperature (40-60oC). This is the first report on simultaneous production of copolymer of bacterial PHA and -amylase from unhydrolysed corn starch and agro-industrial residues as substrates.
    Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 12/2012; 43(3):1094-1102. · 0.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) and α-amylase (α-1,4 glucan-4-glucanohydrolase, E.C. 3.2.1.1) were co-produced by Bacillus sp. CFR-67 using unhydrolysed corn starch as a substrate. Bacterial growth and polymer production were enhanced with the supplementation of hydrolysates of wheat bran (WBH) or rice bran (RBH) individually or in combination (5-20 g L(-1), based on weight of soluble substrates-SS). In batch cultivation, a mixture of WBH and RBH (1:1, 10 g L(-1) of SS) along with ammonium acetate (1.75 g L(-1)) and corn starch (30 g L(-1)) produced maximum quantity of biomass (10 g L(-1)) and PHA (5.9 g L(-1)). The polymer thus produced was a copolymer of polyhydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate of 95:5 to 90:10 mol%. Presence of WBH and corn starch (10-50 g L(-1)) in the medium enhanced fermentative yield of α-amylase (2-40 U mL(-1) min(-1)). The enzyme was active in a wide range of pH (4-9) and temperature (40-60°C). This is the first report on simultaneous production of copolymer of bacterial PHA and α-amylase from unhydrolysed corn starch and agro-industrial residues as substrates.
    Brazilian Journal of Microbiology 07/2012; 43(3):1094-102. · 0.76 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of the present work was to utilize an unrefined natural substrate namely mahua (Madhuca sp.) flowers, as a carbon source for the production of bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) copolymer by Bacillus sp-256. In the present work, three bacterial strains were tested for PHA production on mahua flower extract (to impart 20 g l(-1) sugar) amongst which, Bacillus sp-256 produced higher concentration of PHA in its biomass (51%) compared with Rhizobium meliloti (31%) or Sphingomonas sp (22%). Biosynthesis of poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) - P(HB-co-HV)--of 90 : 10 mol% by Bacillus sp-256 was observed by gas chromatographic analysis of the polymer. Major component of the flower is sugars (57% on dry weight basis) and additionally it also contains proteins, vitamins, organic acids and essential oils. The bacterium utilized malic acid present in the substrate as a co-carbon source for the copolymer production. The flowers could be used in the form of aqueous extract or as whole flowers. PHA content of biomass (%) and yield (g l(-1)) in a 3.0-l stirred tank fermentor after 30 h of fermentation under constant pH (7) and dissolved oxygen content (40%) were 54% and 2.7 g l(-1), respectively. Corresponding yields for control fermentation with sucrose as carbon source were 52% and 2.5 g l(-1). The polymer was characterized by proton NMR. Utilization of mahua flowers, a natural substrate for bacterial fermentation aimed at PHA production, had additional advantage, as the sugars and organic acids present in the flowers were metabolized by Bacillus sp-256 to synthesize P(HB-co-HV) copolymer. Literature reports on utilization of suitable cheaper natural substrate for PHA copolymer production is scanty. Mahua flowers used in the present experiment is a cheaper carbon substrate compared with several commercial substrates and it is rich in main carbon as well as co-carbon sources that can be utilized by bacteria for PHA copolymer production.
    Journal of Applied Microbiology 08/2007; 103(1):204-9. · 2.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Polyhydroxyalkanotes (PHAs), the eco-friendly biopolymers produced by many bacteria, are gaining importance in curtailing the environmental pollution by replacing the non-biodegradable plastics derived from petroleum. The present study was carried out to economize the polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) production by optimizing the fermentation medium using corn steep liquor (CSL), a by-product of starch processing industry, as a cheap nitrogen source, by Bacillus sp. CFR 256. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the fermentation medium using the variables such as corn steep liquor (5–25 g l–1), Na2HPO4 2H2O (2.2–6.2 g l–1), KH2PO4 (0.5– 2.5 g l–1), sucrose (5–55 g l–1) and inoculum concentration (1–25 ml l–1). Central composite rotatable design (CCRD) experiments were carried out to study the complex interactions of the variables. The optimum conditions for maximum PHB production were (g l–1): CSL – 25, Na2HPO4 2H2O – 2.2, KH2PO4 – 0.5, sucrose – 55 and inoculum – 10 (ml l–1). After 72 h of fermentation, the amount of PHA produced was 8.20 g l–1 (51.20 % of dry cell biomass). It is the fifirst report on optimization of fermentation medium using CSL as a nitrogen source, for PHB production by Bacillus sp.
    Indian Journal of Microbiology 01/2007; 47:170-175.. · 0.46 Impact Factor