ABSTRACT: Following lower lung lobe resection, prolonged air leaks and residual pleural space are common. We investigated whether an artificially induced prophylactic intraoperative pneumoperitoneum would prevent these complications.
Sixty patients who underwent lower lobectomy or bilobectomy were prospectively randomized into 2 groups according to the use of intraoperative pneumoperitoneum. Air was delivered via a catheter placed under the diaphragm in the pneumoperitoneum group. Parameters related to pleural drainage, complications, and hospital stay were compared.
No difference between the preoperative characteristics of both groups was present. The mean duration of chest tube drainage was shorter (3.47 +/- 1.04 days vs. 4.87 +/- 1.43 days, P < 0.001) and the mean amount of chest drainage was lower (305.0 +/- 76.9 ml vs. 488.3 +/- 215.2 ml, P < 0.001) in the pneumoperitoneum group. Residual pleural space was observed in 1 pneumoperitoneum patient (3.3 %) and in 8 controls (26.7 %). Pneumoperitoneum patients were discharged 1.1 days earlier on average than the controls.
Artificial prophylactic intraoperative pneumoperitoneum is a simple and safe procedure that decreases the postoperative amount of fluid drainage, residual pleural space, duration of chest tube drainage, and hospital stay.
The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon 05/2009; 57(3):160-4. · 0.88 Impact Factor