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Publications (2)2.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Glial cell is an ideal vehicle for gene therapy of brain diseases. However, there are many limits in using primary glial cells. Therefore, an immortalized rat glial cell line (RGLT) was established by SV40 large T-antigen (LTag) gene from the primary rat fetal glial cells. The RGLT cell was shown to be non-tumorigenic after transplantation to nude mice (up to 4 weeks) and rat striatum (up to 18 months). Rat tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene was transfected into RGLT cell to obtain RGLT-TH cell. The TH immunohistochemical staining and HPLC-ECD analysis demonstrated the TH expression and dopamine (DA) production in RGLT-TH cells in vitro. When implanting RGLT-TH cells into the striatum of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesioned hemiparkinsonism model rats, TH immunohistochemical staining showed the TH presence in striatum and HPLC-ECD analysis held at 6 months after cell implantation showed an increase of DA content in striatum. The asymmetric rotation of rats receiving RGLT-TH cells was reduced by 50%-60% and this reduction persisted stably at least for 18 months. These results suggest that the immortalized glial cell line could serve as an ideal vehicle for therapeutic gene delivery system to achieve a long-term gene therapy of neurodegenerative diseases.
    Sheng wu hua xue yu sheng wu wu li xue bao Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica 01/2004; 35(12):1066-71.
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is thought to be a major contributor to the progress of the Parkinson's Disease (PD) because of the high vulnerability of dopaminergic cells against oxidative stress. The present work demonstrates that with the expression of the baculovirus p35 gene, PC12 cells could gain a high resistance against oxidative toxicants, hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA). The DNA fragmentation analysis showed that PC12 cells underwent apoptosis after exposure to H(2)O(2) or 6-OHDA, while PP35 cells, a p35-expressing PC12 cell line, did not. Flow cytometric analysis showed that treatment with 150 microM H(2)O(2) or 120 microM 6-OHDA for 24 h caused 52.86% or 66.36% apoptotic cell, respectively, in PC 12 cells, but only 4.26% or 5.80% in PP35 cells. The cell viability measured by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazal-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay indicated that H(2)O(2) and 6-OHDA induced a dose-dependent cell death on PC12 cells that were greatly remitted on PP35 cells. The viability of PP35 cells was even stronger than that of PC12 cells protected by glial cell line deprived neurotrophic factor (GDNF). The surviving PP35 cells remained normal cell morphology and showed positive with tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunocytochemical staining. These results indicate that baculovirus p35 gene possesses remarkable ability to rescue PC12 cells from death in experimental paradigms associated with oxidative stress.
    Journal of the Neurological Sciences 01/2004; 216(1):135-41. · 2.26 Impact Factor