F Egydio

Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Estado de Sao Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (5)9.73 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Skin naturally changes with age, becoming more fragile. Various stimuli can alter skin integrity. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether sleep deprivation affects the integrity of DNA in skin and exacerbates the effects of aging. Fifteen-month old female Hairless mice underwent 72 h of paradoxical sleep deprivation or 15 days of chronic sleep restriction. Punch biopsies of the skin were taken to evaluate DNA damage by single cell gel (comet) assay. Neither paradoxical sleep deprivation nor sleep restriction increased genetic damage, measured by tail movement and tail intensity values. Taken together, the findings are consistent with the notion that aging overrides the effect of sleep loss on the genetic damage in elderly mice. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
    Skin pharmacology and physiology 01/2014; 27(3):127-131. · 2.89 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Technological advances, constant pressure, increased qualified demand, and other daily activities present in modern society result in increasingly stressful living conditions for the population. In the short term, the release of stress-related hormones can play a key role in the survival of an organism. However, it is well known that chronic exposure to cortisol can lead to many adverse effects. Several findings show immunological changes in response to chronic exposure to cortisol, in particular in skin integrity, which may interfere with the healing process. Morphine is an immunosuppressive drug, and when it is used chronically, it can lead to an increased incidence of infections and a delay in the healing process. The importance of opiates as analgesics in the medical setting is indisputable. However, there are a limited number of studies in this field. These investigations can provide further understanding of the mechanisms involved in the healing process in morphine-dependent individuals under chronic stress, which is a common condition in modern society. Furthermore, medical prescriptions of opiates are common among terminal patients, who frequently develop decubitus ulcers and bacterial infections. This review is aimed to provide a concise analysis of effects of morphine and stress on the healing process.
    Archives for Dermatological Research 07/2012; 304(6):413-20. · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients who have suffered burns frequently experience psychological consequences, among which anxiety disorders are prominent. Benzodiazepines are commonly administered to treat these symptoms. The effects of benzodiazepines on healing may not be direct but rather are modulated by alterations of the sleep architecture. This hypothesis is supported by studies that demonstrate the effects of benzodiazepines on the immune system and the inflammatory profile under both normal sleep conditions and during sleep deprivation, particularly rapid eye movement sleep deprivation.
    Clinics (São Paulo, Brazil) 07/2012; 67(7):827-30. · 1.59 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Skin performs a host of primordial functions that keep the body alive. Morphine is a drug with immunosuppressant properties whose chronic use may lead to increased infection and delayed wound healing. Sleep is a fundamental biological phenomenon that promotes the integrity of several bodily functions. Sleep deprivation adversely affects several systems, particularly the immune system. The aim of this study was to perform an immunohistochemical evaluation on the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 in skin of sleep-deprived mice and mice chronically treated with morphine. Adult hairless male mice were distributed into the following groups: Control, morphine, sleep-deprived, and morphine + SD. Morphine (10 mg/kg, subcutaneous) was injected every 12 h for 9 days. Morphine induced immunoexpression of cyclooxygenase-2 and nitric oxide synthase. Sleep deprivation did not modulate outcomes induced by morphine. Morphine, not sleep loss, induces cyclooxygenase-2 and nitric oxide synthase immunoexpression in the skin of hairless mice.
    Toxicology mechanisms and methods 06/2012; 22(8):577-83. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The contrast between present-day sleep habits and those of the pre-industrial era are quite evident. One study recent has shown that the amount of sleep has decreased 2 h per night over the past 50 years. Such sleep curtailment, ubiquitous in the modern lifestyle, inflicts adverse repercussions upon health and well being. Investigations examining the relationship between stress and the skin have shown that different types of stress affect the healing process. Morphine is an immunosuppressive drug, and when it is used chronically, it can lead to an increased incidence of infections and a delay in the healing process. Therefore, our hypothesis is that the lack of sleep associated with chronic treatment with morphine is detrimental to the healing of the skin in the animal model we have adopted. Thus, it is important that future studies consider the paradigm of sleep curtailment when investigating the mechanisms involved in the process of skin healing in individuals who are dependent on morphine.
    Medical Hypotheses 06/2011; 77(3):353-5. · 1.18 Impact Factor