Adrian Ochsenbein

University of Lausanne, Lausanne, VD, Switzerland

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Publications (3)23.42 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The integrin antagonist cilengitide has been explored as an adjunct with anti-angiogenic properties to standard of care temozolomide chemoradiotherapy (TMZ/RT → TMZ) in newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Preclinical data as well as anecdotal clinical observations indicate that anti-angiogenic treatment may result in altered patterns of tumor progression. Using a standardized approach, we analyzed patterns of progression on MRI in 21 patients enrolled onto a phase 2 trial of cilengitide added to TMZ/RT → TMZ in newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Thirty patients from the experimental treatment arm of the EORTC/NCIC pivotal TMZ trial served as a reference. MRIcro software was used to map location and extent of initial preoperative and recurrent tumors on MRI of both groups into the same stereotaxic space which were then analyzed using an automated tool of image analysis. Clinical and outcome data of the cilengitide-treated patients were similar to those of the EORTC/NCIC trial except for a higher proportion of patients with a methylated O(6)-methylguanyl-DNA-methyltransferase gene promoter. Analysis of recurrence pattern revealed neither a difference in the size of the recurrent tumor nor in the distance of the recurrences from the preoperative tumor location between groups. Overall frequencies of distant recurrences were 20 % in the reference group and 19 % (4/21 patients) in the cilengitide group. Compared with TMZ/RT → TMZ alone, the addition of cilengitide does not alter patterns of progression. This analysis does not support concerns that integrin antagonism by cilengitide may induce a more aggressive phenotype at progression, but also provides no evidence for an anti-invasive activity of cilengitide in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma.
    Journal of Neuro-Oncology 01/2014; · 3.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Patients with recurrent high-grade glioma (HGG) have a poor prognosis and there is no defined standard of care. High levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expressed in HGG make the anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody bevacizumab (BEV) of particular interest. In an ongoing registry data were collected from patients who have received BEV for the treatment of recurrent HGG. The primary objective was the identification of any clinical benefit as assessed by change in Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS), decreased steroid use and duration of treatment. Two hundred and twenty-five patients with HGG were included (176 glioblastoma; 49 anaplastic glioma; median age 52 years). KPS improved in 10% of patients and remained stable in 68%. Steroids were stopped in 37.6% of patients. Median duration of treatment was 5.5 months; 19.1% of patients were treated for more than 12 months. Median overall survival from beginning of BEV treatment was 8.5 months. At the time of analysis, 169 patients (75.1%) had died and 56 patients (24.9%) were alive. Only 21 patients (9.3%) discontinued treatment due to toxicity. Our data reveal valuable palliation with preservation of KPS and an option for steroid withdrawal in patients treated with BEV, supporting the role of this therapy in late-stage disease.
    Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden) 06/2011; 50(5):630-5. · 2.27 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Invasion and migration are key processes of glioblastoma and are tightly linked to tumor recurrence. Integrin inhibition using cilengitide has shown synergy with chemotherapy and radiotherapy in vitro and promising activity in recurrent glioblastoma. This multicenter, phase I/IIa study investigated the efficacy and safety of cilengitide in combination with standard chemoradiotherapy in newly diagnosed glioblastoma. Patients (age > or = 18 to < or = 70 years) were treated with cilengitide (500 mg) administered twice weekly intravenously in addition to standard radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide. Treatment was continued until disease progression or for up to 35 weeks. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS) at 6 months. Fifty-two patients (median age, 57 years; 62% male) were included. Six- and 12-month PFS rates were 69% (95% CI, 54% to 80%) and 33% (95% CI, 21% to 46%). Median PFS was 8 months (95% CI, 6.0 to 10.7 months). Twelve- and 24-month overall survival (OS) rates were 68% (95% CI, 53% to 79%) and 35% (95% CI, 22% to 48%). Median OS was 16.1 months (95% CI, 13.1 to 23.2 months). PFS and OS were longer in patients with tumors with O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation (13.4 and 23.2 months) versus those without MGMT promoter methylation (3.4 and 13.1 months). The combination of cilengitide with temozolomide and radiotherapy was well tolerated, with no additional toxicity. No pharmacokinetic interactions between temozolomide and cilengitide were identified. Compared with historical controls, the addition of concomitant and adjuvant cilengitide to standard chemoradiotherapy demonstrated promising activity in patients with glioblastoma with MGMT promoter methylation.
    Journal of Clinical Oncology 06/2010; 28(16):2712-8. · 18.04 Impact Factor