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Publications (6)15.07 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Th17 cells, a recently described subtype of CD4+ effector lymphocytes, have been linked to cell-mediated autoimmune and inflammatory diseases as well as to cardiovascular diseases. However, the participation of IL-17A in myocardial ischemic injury has not been clearly defined. We therefore conducted the present study to evaluate IL-17A and Th17-related cytokine levels in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). MI was induced in male Sprague Dawley rats by coronary artery ligation. Controls were sham-operated (Sh) or non-operated (C). Blood and samples from the left ventricle (LV) were collected at weeks 1 and 4 post-MI. At week 1, MI animals exhibited increased IL-6, IL-23 and TGF-β mRNA levels with no apparent change in IL-17 mRNA or protein levels in whole LV. Only TGF-β mRNA remained elevated at week 4 post-MI. However, further analysis revealed that IL-17A mRNA and protein levels as well as IL-6 and IL-23 mRNA were indeed increased in the infarcted region, though not in the remote non infarcted region of the LV, except for IL-23 mRNA. The increased expression of IL-17A and Th17-related cytokines in the infarcted region of LV, suggests that this proinflammatory pathway might play a role in early stages of post MI cardiac remodelling.
    Biological research 01/2012; 45(2):193-200. · 1.13 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent progenitors with broad immunosuppressive properties. However, their therapeutic use in autoimmune disease models has shown dissimilar effects when applied at different stages of disease. We therefore investigated the effect of the addition of MSCs on the differentiation of Th1, Treg and Th17 cells in vitro, at different states of CD4(+) T cell activation. CD4(+) T lymphocytes purified by negative selection from mouse C57BL/6 splenocytes were cultured under Th1, Th17 and Treg inducing conditions with IL-12, TGF-β+IL-6 or TGF-β, respectively. C57BL/6 bone marrow derived MSCs were added to CD4(+) T cell cultures at day 0 or after 3 days of T cell polarizing activation. Intracellular cytokines for Th1, Th17 and Treg cells were quantitated at day 6 by flow cytometry. While early addition (day 0) of MSCs suppressed all CD4(+) T cell lineages, addition at day 3 only decreased IFN-γ production by Th1 polarized cells by 64% (p<0.05) while markedly increased IL-17 production by Th17 polarized cells by 50% (p<0.05) and left IL-10 production by Treg polarized cells unchanged. MSCs exhibit their typical suppressive phenotype when added early to cell cultures in the presence of CD4(+) T cell polarizing stimuli. However, once T cell activation has occurred, MSCs show an opposite stimulating effect on Th17 cells, while leaving Treg IL-10 producing cells unchanged. These results suggest that the therapeutic use of MSCs in vivo might exert opposing effects on disease activity, according to the time of therapeutic application and the level of effector T cell activation.
    Immunology letters 09/2010; 135(1-2):10-6. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin-(1-9) is present in human and rat plasma and its circulating levels increased early after myocardial infarction or in animals treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. However, the cardiovascular effects of this peptide are unknown. To determine whether angiotensin-(1-9) is a novel anti-cardiac hypertrophy factor in vitro and in vivo and whether this peptide is involved in the pharmacological effects of cardiovascular drugs acting on the renin-angiotensin system. The administration of angiotensin-(1-9) to myocardial infarcted rats by osmotic minipumps (450 ng/kg per min, n = 6) vs. vehicle (n = 8) for 2 weeks decreased plasma angiotensin II levels, inhibited angiotensin-converting enzyme activity and also prevented cardiac myocyte hypertrophy. However, cardiac myocyte hypertrophy attenuation triggered by angiotensin-(1-9) was not modified with the simultaneous administration of the angiotensin-(1-7) receptor antagonist A779 (100 ng/kg per min, n = 6). In experiments in vitro with cultured cardiac myocytes incubated with norepinephrine (10 micromol/l) or with insulin-like growth factor-1 (10 nmol/l), angiotensin-(1-9) also prevented hypertrophy. In other experimental setting, myocardial infarcted rats (n = 37) were randomized to receive either vehicle (n = 12), enalapril (10 mg/kg per day, n = 12) or angiotensin II receptor blocker candesartan (10 mg/kg per day, n = 13) for 8 weeks. Both drugs prevented left ventricle hypertrophy and increased plasma angiotensin-(1-9) levels by several folds. Angiotensin-(1-9) levels correlated negatively with different left ventricular hypertrophy markers even after adjustment for blood pressure reduction. Angiotensin-(1-9) is an effective and a novel anti-cardiac hypertrophy agent not acting via the Mas receptor.
    Journal of hypertension 05/2010; 28(5):1054-64. · 4.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Angiotensin-(1–9) is present in human and rat plasma and its circulating levels increased early after myocardial infarction or in animals treated with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. However, the cardiovascular effects of this peptide are unknown. Objective: To determine whether angiotensin-(1–9) is a novel anti-cardiac hypertrophy factor in vitro and in vivo and whether this peptide is involved in the pharmacological effects of cardiovascular drugs acting on the renin–angiotensin system. Methods and results: The administration of angiotensin-(1–9) to myocardial infarcted rats by osmotic minipumps (450 ng/kg per min, n = 6) vs. vehicle (n = 8) for 2 weeks decreased plasma angiotensin II levels, inhibited angiotensin-converting enzyme activity and also prevented cardiac myocyte hypertrophy. However, cardiac myocyte hypertrophy attenuation triggered by angiotensin-(1–9) was not modified with the simultaneous administration of the angiotensin-(1–7) receptor antagonist A779 (100 ng/kg per min, n = 6). In experiments in vitro with cultured cardiac myocytes incubated with norepinephrine (10 μmol/l) or with insulin-like growth factor-1 (10 nmol/l), angiotensin-(1–9) also prevented hypertrophy. In other experimental setting, myocardial infarcted rats (n = 37) were randomized to receive either vehicle (n = 12), enalapril (10 mg/kg per day, n = 12) or angiotensin II receptor blocker candesartan (10 mg/kg per day, n = 13) for 8 weeks. Both drugs prevented left ventricle hypertrophy and increased plasma angiotensin-(1–9) levels by several folds. Angiotensin-(1–9) levels correlated negatively with different left ventricular hypertrophy markers even after adjustment for blood pressure reduction. Conclusion: Angiotensin-(1–9) is an effective and a novel anti-cardiac hypertrophy agent not acting via the Mas receptor.
    Journal of Hypertension 04/2010; 28(5):1054–1064. · 3.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiac hypertrophy is one of the main ways in which cardiomyocytes respond to mechanical and neurohormonal stimuli. It enables myocytes to increase their work output, which improves cardiac pump function. However, this compensatory mechanism can become overwhelmed by biomechanical stress, thereby resulting in heart failure, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The complex molecular processes that lead to cardiomyocyte growth involve membrane receptors, second messengers, and transcription factors. The common final pathway of all these intracellular substances is gene expression, whose variations are being revealed in increasing detail. The genetic response is characterized by the re-expression of fetal genes, an event which is regarded as the molecular marker of pathologic cardiac hypertrophy, and which is absent in normal physiologic cardiac growth. The possibility of stopping or reversing pathologic cardiac hypertrophy and, thereby, slowing the development of heart failure is a topic of considerable clinical interest and a large amount of relevant data has accumulated. The purpose of this review was to provide a schematic overview of current knowledge about the molecular pathogenesis of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, with special emphasis on new research topics and investigations.
    Revista Espa de Cardiologia 06/2006; 59(5):473-86. · 3.20 Impact Factor
  • Revista Espanola De Cardiologia - REV ESPAN CARDIOL. 01/2006; 59(5):473-486.