ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effects of Streptococcus mutans biofilm/restorative materials interaction on surface roughness, hardness and morphology of materials tested.
Empress 2 (E2), Filtek Supreme (FS), Vitremer (V) and Ketac Molar Easymix (KM) were tested. Twenty-five disks of each material were made and divided into three storage groups: (1) 100% relative humidity (n=5); (2) growth medium (BHI and 1% sucrose) (n=5); (3) S. mutans biofilm-growth medium (n=15). Before storage, hardness measurements were immediately obtained from group 1 specimens. After 30 days of storage, the specimens were cleaned in order to obtain the surface roughness and hardness values, besides morphology analysis by scanning electron microscopy.
The surface roughness and hardness values obtained from E2 and FS specimens did not present statistically significant differences among the groups 1, 2 and 3 and between immediate and 30-day-old specimens of each material. However, group 3 specimens of V and KM showed statistically significant higher surface roughness means than other groups. Group 1 specimens of V and KM also showed higher hardness values than the immediate values. Group 3 specimens of V presented decreased hardness values compared with other groups. The scanning electron micrographs showed an increase in surface degradation from group 1 to group 3 for FS, V and KM.
Thirty-day-old biofilm promotes a negative effect on the surface morphology of FS, V and KM, on the surface roughness of V and KM and on the hardness of V.
Journal of Dentistry 08/2008; 36(10):833-9. · 2.95 Impact Factor
ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the abrasive effect of different toothbrushes-soft-cross bristles (CB), extra-soft-parallel bristles (ES), and soft-parallel bristles (S)-on the surface roughness of conventional (C) and resin-modified (V) glass ionomer cements in vitro. Eight specimens of each material were prepared for each group: (1) V and CB; (2) V and ES; (3) V and S; (4) C and CB; (5) C and ES; and (6) C and S. Specimens were stored at 37 degrees C/24 hours and 100% humidity, polished, and initially analyzed with a surface roughness-measuring device. Next, they were fixed to the tooth-brushing device and abraded via toothbrushes, using a dentifrice slurry, performed at 250 cycles/minute with a 200 g load. The specimens were washed, dried, and analyzed identically with the same device. There was no significant interaction between material and toothbrush types. After tooth-brushing, V showed significantly higher surface roughness than C and CB and created higher surface roughness than S. No difference was observed between these toothbrushes and ES. Regardless of the toothbrush type used, resin-modified glass ionomer cement showed the highest roughness values.
Journal of dentistry for children (Chicago, Ill.) 75(2):112-6.
ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of six toothpastes for infants: 3 fluoride-free experimental toothpastes--cashew-based, mango-based and without plant extract and fluoride compared with 2 commercially fluoride-free toothpastes and 1 fluoridated toothpastes.
Six toothpastes for infants were evaluated in this study: (1) experimental cashew-based toothpaste; (2) experimental mango-based toothpaste; (3) experimental toothpaste without plant extract and fluoride (negative control); (4) First Teeth brand toothpaste; (5) Weleda brand toothpaste; and (6) Tandy brand toothpaste (positive control). The antimicrobial activity was recorded against Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sobrinus, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Candida albicans using the agar plate diffusion test.
First Teeth, Weleda, mango-based toothpaste, and toothpaste without plant extract presented no antimicrobial effect against any of the tested micro-organisms. Cashew toothpaste had antimicrobial activity against S mutans, S sobrinus, and L acidophilus, but it showed no antimicrobial activity against C albicans. There was no statistical difference between the inhibition halo of cashew and Tandy toothpastes against S mutans and L acidophilus.
Cashew fluoride-free toothpaste had inhibitory activity against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus acidophilus, and these results were similar to those obtained for fluoridated toothpaste.
Journal of dentistry for children (Chicago, Ill.) 78(1):3-8.