ABSTRACT: We report the cases of two patients who had a favorable outcome with aspirin and corticosteroid therapy during pregnancy for chronic villitis of unknown etiology complicated by labor asphyxia and further intrauterine fetal demise in one gravida 3 patient and for chronic intervillositis of unknown etiology diagnosed after three perinatal deaths in another patient (gravida 4). Chronic villitis of unknown etiology (CVUE) is detected in 7 to 33% of placentas, mainly after intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), unexplained prematurity, preeclampsia, perinatal asphyxia and intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). The less frequent chronic intervillositis of unknown etiology (CIUE) (0.6 to 0.9/1.000) has been implicated in recurrent severe pregnancy complications, such as spontaneous abortions, IUGR and IUFD. Histopathology and immunohistology are in favor of an immune response against the foreign fetal allograft. The favorable results obtained with corticosteroids and aspirin remain to be confirmed by larger series.
Journal de Gynécologie Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction 07/2006; 35(4):396-404. · 0.42 Impact Factor