ABSTRACT: To determine whether EEG performed within few months after epilepsy surgery is predictive of seizure outcome, 58 consecutive patients undergoing surgery for presumptive temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) who had clinical follow-up of at least 2 years and EEG data available both pre- and postoperatively were analyzed. Patients were classified by preoperative brain magnetic resonance imaging into lesional, cryptogenic, and hippocampal sclerosis groups. Seizure outcome was classified according to Engel's outcome scale. Comparison was made between the presence of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in the postoperative EEG and seizure outcome. Patients who experienced seizures within 2 months after surgery were considered to have early recurrence. The mean follow-up period was 3 years. Sixty percent of patients achieved a class I seizure outcome. Almost all (95%) postoperative EEGs were obtained within 4 months after surgery. IEDs were present in 26% of postoperative EEGs, but were significantly less frequent in EEGs recorded after the first two postoperative months (P = 0.011). The presence of IEDs on postoperative EEGs was not predictive of seizure outcome either in the whole cohort or in any of the subgroups, regardless of whether it was performed within or after the first two postoperative months. It was also not predictive of outcome in the 44 patients (76%) who did not suffer early recurrence. The authors conclude that EEG performed a few months after epilepsy surgery is not useful as a predictor of long-term seizure outcome.
Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 01/2006; 22(6):410-4. · 1.45 Impact Factor