ABSTRACT: A new method was developed and validated for the quantification of strictosamide in the extract of the stem bark of Nauclea pobeguinii. This plant belongs to the Rubiaceae family and is widely used in the African traditional medicine against malaria and malaria-like symptoms. Alkaloids are suspected to be responsible for the antimalarial activity. One of these alkaloids is strictosamide, already reported to be the major constituent in the root bark of this plant. Because strictosamide was not commercially available another alkaloid, ajmalicine HCl, with comparable properties was used as a secondary standard. The samples of the dried 80% ethanol extract from the stem bark of N. pobeguinii were purified on C(18) solid phase extraction cartridges and analysed using HPLC-UV. The strictosamide used for the validation of the correction factor for response was isolated and purified by means of preparative HPLC and TLC. Although the relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) of 2.6% was still acceptable, the response factor was determined for every analysis based on the ratio of the peak area of strictosamide compared to the peak area of ajmalicine HCl in a concentration of 0.01 mg/ml. The precision of the method according to the time and the concentration, had a R.S.D. value of 2.2% and 2.6%, respectively. The recovery of the method was 92.2% (R.S.D. of 9.4%) which was acceptable. The method has been proven to be suitable for the determination of alkaloids in the extract of the stem bark of N. pobeguinii, according to the ICH guidelines on the validation of analytical methods.
Talanta 08/2008; 76(2):462-8. · 3.79 Impact Factor