Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 11/2011; 23(11):690-1.
ABSTRACT: To observe the clinical efficiency and cardiac safety of itraconazole injection in the treatment of the elderly patients with chronic pulmonary diseases suffered from acute pulmonary invasive fungal infection (IFI).
The research was single centre and open experimental designed trial. We selected patients (> 70 years old) who were admitted to our department of respiratory medicine because of chronic pulmonary diseases combined with pulmonary IFI. All patients received intravenous itraconazole injection. The clinical efficiency and cardiac safety was observed for 14 days.
Thirty-five patients were included, 3 patients were proven, 32 patients were probable. There were 26 patients combined with coronary artery disease (74.28%), 20 patients combined with cor pulmonale (57.14%), and 17 patients simultaneously combined with both (48.57%). The temperature of 22 patients (62.86%) decreased to normal in 7 days, 31 patients (90.39%) in 11 days. After 14 days' therapy, the level of 1, 3-beta-D glucan decreased to normal in 26 patients (78.79%). The foci in sternum of 5 patients who were infected by candida albicans were completely absorbed in 14 days. Two patients were suffered from left heart insufficiency and arrhythmia ventricular on the 4th and 5th day respectively, and disappeared on the next day after given symptomatic treatment. There was a significant difference in B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) between before and after treatment.
The clinical efficiency of itraconazole injection in the elderly patients who suffered from chronic pulmonary diseases and then combined with acute pulmonary IFI were 78.79%. Even if combined with coronary artery disease and/or cor pulmonale, the elderly patients who have chronic pulmonary diseases were safe when using the itraconazole injection in 14 days.
Zhonghua nei ke za zhi [Chinese journal of internal medicine] 03/2010; 49(3):230-3.
Zhongguo wei zhong bing ji jiu yi xue = Chinese critical care medicine = Zhongguo weizhongbing jijiuyixue 09/2005; 17(8):505.