Dolores Plaza Martín

Hospital Universitario de Salamanca, Helmantica, Castille and León, Spain

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Publications (3)1.37 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The paucity of long-term studies makes it difficult to evaluate the sustained abstinence over time of smokers who quit. The objective of the present study was to determine to what extent the results of tobacco cessation interventions are maintained after 5 years. This was a longitudinal prospective study of 502 smokers. The design was quasi-experimental given that therapy was allocated according to the level of the patients' nicotine dependence: routine minimum intervention for smokers with mild addiction and those not in the preparation stage, and nicotine replacement therapy for patients with moderate-to-high dependence and/or a high level of tobacco consumption. Of the 267 patients followed for 5 years, 29.6% quit and were still abstinent at 1 year, and 18.0% remained abstinent after 5 years. Of those who had managed to stop smoking within 2 months of starting the intervention, 47.4% were still abstinent on follow-up at 5 years while 88.1% of those who failed to quit within 2 months were still smoking 5 years later. The results observed during the action stage could be of use in reorienting the treatment approach, and a planned schedule of follow-up contacts could help patients maintain the abstinence achieved in the course of the intervention.
    Archivos de Bronconeumología 04/2007; 43(3):136-42. · 1.37 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Objective The paucity of long-term studies makes it difficult to evaluate the sustained abstinence over time of smokers who quit. The objective of the present study was to determine to what extent the results of tobacco cessation interventions are maintained after 5 years. Patients and methods This was a longitudinal prospective study of 502 smokers. The design was quasi-experimental given that therapy was allocated according to the level of the patients’ nicotine dependence: routine minimum intervention for smokers with mild addiction and those not in the preparation stage, and nicotine replacement therapy for patients with moderate-to-high dependence and/or a high level of tobacco consumption. Results Of the 267 patients followed for 5 years, 29.6% quit and were still abstinent at 1 year, and 18.0% remained abstinent after 5 years. Of those who had managed to stop smoking within 2 months of starting the intervention, 47.4% were still abstinent on follow-up at 5 years while 88.1% of those who failed to quit within 2 months were still smoking 5 years later. Conclusions The results observed during the action stage could be of use in reorienting the treatment approach, and a planned schedule of follow-up contacts could help patients maintain the abstinence achieved in the course of the intervention.
    Archivos de Bronconeumología. 03/2007; 43(3):136–142.
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    ABSTRACT: ObjectiveThe paucity of long-term studies makes it difficult to evaluate the sustained abstinence over time of smokers who quit. The objective of the present study was to determine to what extent the results of tobacco cessation interventions are maintained after 5 years.Patients and MethodsThis was a longitudinal prospective study of 502 smokers. The design was quasi-experimental given that therapy was allocated according to the level of the patients' nicotine dependence: routine minimum intervention for smokers with mild addiction and those not in the preparation stage, and nicotine replacement therapy for patients with moderate-to-high dependence and/or a high level of tobacco consumption.ResultsOf the 267 patients followed for 5 years, 29.6% quit and were still abstinent at 1 year, and 18.0% remained abstinent after 5 years. Of those who had managed to stop smoking within 2 months of starting the intervention, 47.4% were still abstinent on follow-up at 5 years while 88.1% of those who failed to quit within 2 months were still smoking 5 years later.ConclusionsThe results observed during the action stage could be of use in reorienting the treatment approach, and a planned schedule of follow-up contacts could help patients maintain the abstinence achieved in the course of the intervention.ObjetivoLa escasez de estudios a largo plazo dificulta la valoración de la abstinencia mantenida en el tiempo de los fumadores que consiguen dejar de fumar. El objetivo de nuestro estudio ha sido determinar en qué medida los resultados obtenidos tras la intervención para dejar de fumar se consolidan en el tiempo, al cabo de 5 años.Pacientes y MétodosSe ha realizado un estudio longitudinal y prospectivo sobre 502 fumadores, cuasi experimental, al considerar el grado de dependencia nicotínica como criterio para la asignación del tratamiento: intervención mínima sistematizada en los fumadores con dependencia baja o que aún no se encontraban en fase de preparación, y tratamiento sustitutivo con nicotina en aquéllos con dependencia moderada-alta y/o alto consumo de cigarrillos.ResultadosDe los 267 pacientes que completaron el seguimiento a los 5 años, el 29,6% dejó de fumar y se mantuvo abstinente al año de seguimiento, y el 18,0% a los 5 años. De los que consiguieron dejar de fumar a los 2 meses de la intervención el 47,4% consolidó su abstinencia al cabo de los 5 años de seguimiento, y de los que no lo consiguieron seguía fumando el 88,1%.ConclusionesLos resultados observados en la fase de acción pueden considerarse un elemento de ayuda para reorientar la actitud terapéutica, y quizá el planteamiento de controles programados en el tiempo ayude a consolidar la abstinencia tabáquica conseguida durante la intervención.
    Archivos de Bronconeumología ((English Edition)).