[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We investigated in vivo in aortic valve stenosis (AVS) whether there is: 1) thermal heterogeneity within the valve leaflets; 2) temperature difference between the leaflets and the ascending aortic wall; and 3) a possible correlation between heat production, inflammation, and neoangiogenesis.
Histological studies have demonstrated a potential role of inflammation and neoangiogenesis in AVS.
We examined 96 leaflets scheduled for aortic valve replacement. Twenty-five patients had AVS, and 7 had aortic valve insufficiency (AVI). Temperature measurements were performed right before hypothermic cardioplegia. Temperature difference (DeltaT) was assigned as the mean temperature of each leaflet minus the temperature of the aortic wall. Histological, immunohistological analysis, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) immunoreactivity was performed.
Significant thermal heterogeneity was recorded within the leaflets of AVS, compared with AVI (1.52 +/- 1.35 degrees C vs. 0.13 +/- 0.11 degrees C, p < 0.01). In AVS DeltaT was greater in all leaflets compared with the AVI group (p < 0.01). Leaflets of AVS had increased inflammatory cell infiltration, calcium deposit, and anti-VEGF expression compared with AVI (p < 0.01).
Thermal heterogeneity is increased in AVS and correlates with inflammatory mononuclear cell infiltration, expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and neoangiogenic factors.
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 09/2008; 52(9):758-63. · 14.09 Impact Factor