Devinder K. Mehet

Imperial College London, London, ENG, United Kingdom

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Publications (4)12.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) responses to bacterial infection are mediated, in part, by the actions of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on pituitary folliculostellate (FS) cells that release pro-inflammatory cytokines [e.g. interleukin (IL)-6] and thereby facilitate adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) release from neighbouring corticotrophs. In the present study, two murine pituitary cell lines [TtT/GF (FS cells) and AtT20 D16:16 (corticotrophs)], alone and in co-culture, and an in vivo model of endotoxaemia were used to examine the potential role of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in mediating LPS-induced ACTH secretion. Both cell lines expressed mRNAs for the key components of the LPS signalling system. LPS stimulated IL-6 release from TtT/GF cells via a glucocorticoid-sensitive, NF-κB-dependent mechanism; it also activated NF-κB in AtT20 cells, as did corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). IL-6 potentiated (but LPS reduced) the stimulatory effects of CRH on ACTH release from AtT20 cells, whereas blockade of NF-κB (SC-514) increased the ACTH release induced by CRH in the presence or absence of LPS. In co-cultures, CRH and LPS acted synergistically to induce release of both IL-6 and ACTH. However, although SC-514 suppressed the release of IL-6 evoked by CRH and LPS, it potentiated the concomitant increase in ACTH release. In vivo both immunological (LPS) and psychological (restraint) stress increased intrapituitary NF-κB, whereas an NF-κB inhibitor (PHA781535E) attenuated the LPS-induced release of ACTH and abolished the HPA response to restraint stress. The results obtained in the present study support the premise that NF-κB plays an important role in mediating LPS signalling in the anterior pituitary gland, particularly in relation to IL-6 and ACTH secretion, and provide novel evidence that NF-κB blockade in vivo compromises stress-induced ACTH release.
    Journal of Neuroendocrinology 01/2012; 24(6):862-73. · 3.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The N-formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) are a family of G-protein coupled receptors that respond to proinflammatory N-formylated bacterial peptides (e.g., formyl-Met-Leu-Phe, fMLF) and, thus, contribute to the host response to bacterial infection. Paradoxically, a growing body of evidence suggests that some members of this receptor family may also be targets for certain anti-inflammatory molecules, including annexin A1 (ANXA1), which is an important mediator of glucocorticoid (GC) action. To explore further the potential role of FPRs in mediating ANXA1 actions, we have focused on the pituitary gland, where ANXA1 has a well-defined role as a cell-cell mediator of the inhibitory effects of GCs on the secretion of corticotrophin (ACTH), and used molecular, genetic, and pharmacological approaches to address the question in well-established rodent models. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis identified mRNAs for four FPR family members in the mouse anterior pituitary gland, Fpr-rs1, Fpr-rs2, Fpr-rs6, and Fpr-rs7. Functional studies confirmed that, like dexamethasone, ANXA1 and two ANXA1-derived peptides (ANXA1(1-188) and ANXA1(Ac2-26)) inhibit the evoked release of ACTH from rodent anterior pituitary tissue in vitro. Fpr1 gene deletion failed to modify the pituitary responses to dexamethasone or ANXA1(Ac2-26). However, lipoxin A4 (LXA4, 0.02-2 microM, a lipid mediator with high affinity for Fpr-rs1) mimicked the inhibitory effects of ANXA1 on ACTH release as also did fMLF in high (1-100 microM) but not lower (10-100 nM) concentrations. Additionally, a nonselective FPR antagonist (Boc1, 100 microM) overcame the effects of dexamethasone, ANXA1(1-188), ANXA1(Ac2-26), fMLF, and LXA4 on ACTH release, although at a lower concentration (50 microM), it was without effect. Together, the results suggest that the actions of ANXA1 in the pituitary gland are independent of Fpr1 but may involve other FPR family members, in particular, Fpr-rs1 or a closely related receptor. They thus provide the first evidence for a role of the FPR family in the regulation of neuroendocrine function.
    The FASEB Journal 05/2007; 21(4):1037-46. · 5.70 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The mode of action of annexin A1 (ANXA1) is poorly understood. By using rapid subtraction hybridization we studied the effects of human recombinant ANXA1 and the N-terminal ANXA1 peptide on gene expression in a human larynx cell line. Three genes showed strong downregulation after treatment with ANXA1. In contrast, expression of CCR10, a seven transmembrane G-protein coupled receptor for chemokine CCL27 involved in mucosal immunity, was increased. Moreover the reduction in CCR10 expression induced by ANXA1 gene deletion was rescued by intravenous treatment with low doses of ANXA1. These findings provide new evidence that ANXA1 modulates gene expression.
    FEBS Letters 03/2006; 580(5):1431-8. · 3.58 Impact Factor
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    Febs Letters - FEBS LETT. 01/2006; 580(7):1908-1908.