[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family members seem to play a critical role in lung tumourigenesis and are overexpressed in 40-80% of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) tumours. EGFR activation results in a series of downstream signaling events that mediate cancer cell growth, proliferation, motility, adhesion, invasion, apoptosis inhibition and metastasis as well as resistance to chemotherapy. Therefore, EGFR inhibitors seem to be an effective therapy for some patients with previously treated NSCLC. A thorough investigation of EGFR, its major signaling pathways, its identification and biology in NSCLC and the responsiveness to gefitinib, erlotinib and cetuximab in connection to EGFR mutations as well as the possible mechanisms of resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors is the scope of this review.
In vivo (Athens, Greece) 07/2008; 22(4):529-36. · 0.97 Impact Factor