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Publications (4)13.75 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Alterations in the methylation of promoters of cancer-related genes are promising biomarkers for the early detection of disease. Compared with single methylation alteration, assessing combined methylation alterations can provide higher association with specific cancer. Here we use cationic conjugated polymer-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer to quantitatively analyse DNA methylation levels of seven colon cancer-related genes in a Chinese population. Through a stepwise discriminant analysis and cumulative detection of methylation alterations, we acquire high accuracy and sensitivity for colon cancer detection (86.3 and 86.7%) and for differential diagnosis (97.5 and 94%). Moreover, we identify a correlation between the CpG island methylator phenotype and clinically important parameters in patients with colon cancer. The cumulative analysis of promoter methylation alterations by the cationic conjugated polymer-based fluorescence resonance energy transfer may be useful for the screening and differential diagnosis of patients with colon cancer, and for performing clinical correlation analyses.
    Nature Communications 11/2012; 3:1206. · 10.02 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in China. The aims of this research were to increase the sensitivity of anti-p53 antibody detection in the sera of patients with colorectal cancer and to assist in their diagnosis. Sixty-seven non-selected Chinese with colorectal cancer were involved in this study. Anti-p53 antibodies in serum were detected by ELISA using recombinant human wild- type p53 protein and hybrid phage as the coating antigen. Correlations between the anti-p53 antibodies and clinicopathological parameters were also analyzed. The detection efficiency of anti-p53 antibodies in the patients with colorectal cancer was increased (46.3%, 31/67) through the combination of the two ELISA methods compared with each method alone. The titer of serum anti-p53 antibodies was not associated with clinicopathological parameters, but there was a significant correlation between their presence, the CEA level, and the stage of the patient's colorectal cancer. These results demonstrate that combination of the two ELISA methods increased the detection rate of anti-p53 antibodies in patients with colorectal cancer. This research may provide a useful method to complement conventional clinical diagnosis.
    Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention: APJCP 01/2011; 12(11):2921-4. · 1.50 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Although clinical significance of serum p53 Abs (s-p53 Abs) in cancer patients has been studied during the past few years, how to detect it effectively is a crucial issue. Methods: wild-type p53 protein (wt p53) and phage-displayed peptide were prepared. Three types of enzymelinked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) methods were constructed and a hybrid antigen-ELISA approach was attempted. Results: 7 breast cancer patients (19.4%) were detected s-p53 Abs positive by p53-ELISA, 4 patients (11.1%) were detected positive by phage-ELISA, and 10 patients (27.8%) were detected positive by p53-phage ELISA. A combination of 1.5μg/ml wt p53 and 40μg/ml phage was the best concentration for a mix antigen in hybrid antigen-ELISA. Conclusion: A combination of p53-ELISA and phage-ELISA can effectively improve the sensitivity of s-p53 Abs. This increases the application possibility of s-p53 Abs on clinic.
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    ABSTRACT: Breast carcinoma is the most common malignancy in Chinese women. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictive value of serum anti-p53 antibodies (p53 Abs), carcino-embryonic antigen (CEA), carbohydrate antigen (CA) 15-3, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)-2 in taxane-based and anthracycline-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Sixty-eight patients with locally advanced breast carcinoma were included. Thirty-two were treated with taxane (the taxane group) and 36 with anthracycline (the anthracycline group). The standard dosage of docetaxel was 100 mg/m2 (day 1) and those of cyclophosphamide, adriamycin and 5-flurouracil were 500 mg/m2 (day 1-8), 40 mg/m2 (day 1) and 500 mg/m2 (day 1-8), respectively. The p53 Abs were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; CEA and CA15-3 were detected by Elecsys 2010 Disc System; ER, PR and HER-2 were detected by immunohistochemistry staining. The biomarkers p53 Abs, CEA and CA15-3 were detected in serum samples, and the immunohistochemistry staining for ER, PR and HER-2 was performed in tumor samples before and after NAC. The expression of p53 Abs was significantly reduced by taxane (P = 0.006). The serum CEA and CA15-3 levels were significantly affected by both taxane (P = 0.004 and P = 0.008) and anthracycline (P = 0.002 and P = 0.000) drugs. HER-2-negative status (pre-neoadjuvant) was correlated with a high objective response rate (OR) in both taxane-based and anthracycline-based chemotherapy (P = 0.022 and P = 0.025), whereas p53 Ab-negative status (pre-neoadjuvant) was correlated with high OR rate in anthracycline-based chemotherapy (P = 0.039). This study shows that the serum p53 Ab level is easily changed by taxane. CEA and CA15-3 levels are easily changed by taxane and anthracycline. The p53 Ab-negative patients may predict a high clinical OR rate in anthracycline-based NAC. HER-2-negative may predict a high OR in both taxane-based and anthracycline-based NAC.
    Anti-Cancer Drugs 04/2008; 19(3):317-23. · 2.23 Impact Factor