ABSTRACT: This study utilized structural equation modeling to examine the relationship between alcohol use and academic motivation controlling for potentially mediating variables of deviant behavior, depressive cognitions, family communication, and peer relations. The study also examined the manner in which these relationships were moderated by gender. Results indicated that alcohol use was directly related to deviance for both males and females, but was not associated with depressive cognitions for either males or females. Deviant behavior was directly associated with depressive cognitions for both males and females, but this effect was significantly stronger for females. Deviance was significantly, inversely related to family communication among males, but not females. Depressive cognitions were significantly, inversely related to family communication for both males and females. Family communication and peer relations were directly related to academic motivation for both males and females, and the relationship between family communication and academic motivation was also mediated through peer relations. The necessity of providing information that focuses on minimizing involvement in deviant behaviors for females and the differential importance of family and peer relations is discussed.
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 08/2007; 77(3):478-88. · 1.29 Impact Factor