Deborah Melis

Università degli Studi di Torino, Torino, Piedmont, Italy

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Publications (2)9.99 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: In this study we assessed the prevalence of diagnosed type 2 diabetes and the quality of care during the period 1988-2000 in an Italian population. Two population-based surveys, using similar methods and centralized measurements, were conducted in 1988 and 2000 in a representative Italian area to identify people with known diabetes. The adjusted prevalence (reference, 2001 Italian population) was computed. The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of diabetes in the population of Casale Monferrato were 2.13% (2.05-2.22) in 1988 and 3.07% (2.97-3.17) in 2000. In comparison with diabetic persons recruited in 1988 and independently of age and sex, persons recruited in 2000 had a lower likelihood of having HbA1c > or = 7.0% (OR=0.48; 0.42-0.56), diastolic blood pressure > or = 80 mmHg (OR=0.61; 0.49-0.75), LDL cholesterol > or = 2.59 mmol/l (OR=0.77; 0.63-0.93) and AER > or = 20 microg/min (OR=0.53; 0.45-0.61; they had a higher likelihood of having BMI > or = 25 kg/m(2) (OR=1.49; 1.2-1.74). However, 45.4% of patients still had HbA1c > or = 7.0%, 80% blood pressure > or = 130/80 mmHg and 79% LDL-cholesterol values > or =2.59 mmol/l. More than two-thirds of Italians with diabetes are now aged 65 years and more. The quality of control of glycemia, lipids and blood pressure improved and the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy decreased over time, although complete adherence to international guidelines has not yet been achieved.
    Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases: NMCD 01/2008; 18(1):39-45. DOI:10.1016/j.numecd.2006.08.007 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) predicts mortality in non-diabetic populations, but its role in people with type 2 diabetes is unknown. We assessed to what extent a reduction in eGFR in people with type 2 diabetes predicts 11-year all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, independently of AER and other cardiovascular risk factors. The study population was the population-based cohort (n = 1,538; median age 68.9 years) of the Casale Monferrato Study. GFR was estimated by the abbreviated Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation. At baseline, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (eGFR <60 ml min(-1) 1.73 m(-2)) was 34.3% (95% CI 33.0-36.8). There were 670 deaths in 10,708 person-years of observation. Hazard ratios of 1.23 (95% CI 1.03-1.47) for all-cause mortality and 1.18 (95% CI 0.92-1.52) for cardiovascular mortality were observed after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors and AER. When five levels of eGFR were analysed we found that most risk was conferred by eGFR 15-29 ml min(-1) 1.73 m(-2), whereas no increased risk was evident in people with eGFR values between 30 and 59 ml min(-1) 1.73 m(-2). In an analysis stratified by AER categories, a significant increasing trend in risk with decreasing eGFR was evident only in people with macroalbuminuria. Our study suggests that in type 2 diabetes macroalbuminuria is the main predictor of mortality, independently of both eGFR and cardiovascular risk factors, whereas eGFR provides no further information in normoalbuminuric people.
    Diabetologia 05/2007; 50(5):941-8. DOI:10.1007/s00125-007-0616-1 · 6.67 Impact Factor