ABSTRACT: To determine the influence of age on local electroretinographic responses in humans.
Multifocal electroretinograms (mfERGs) were obtained from 62 normally sighted subjects ranging in age from 21 to 81 years. A stimulus array of 103 scaled hexagons was used to measure electrical signals within a retinal area approximately 46 degrees in diameter. Commonly reported mfERG methods were used to quantify the responses: peak-to-peak amplitudes and implicit times, scalar product amplitude, and amplitude and time scales derived from the algorithm of Hood and Li, published in 1997.
Regression analysis showed significant linear relationships of amplitude and timing measures with age. The rates of losses were 10.5% per decade for peak-to-peak amplitude, 11.7% per decade for scalar product amplitude, and 9.5% per decade for a-scale. The rate of amplitude reduction was highest in the central 3 degrees. Age had less influence on implicit time measures. The rates of timing losses were 1.4% per decade for the N1 component and 1.0% per decade for both the P1 component and the t-scale measure. Using predicted interval ranges, the age was calculated at which 50% of the expected values would fall below the lower 95% prediction interval band of younger subjects.
The age-associated mfERG alterations are presented to emphasize the importance of appropriate normative data in interpretation of mfERGs.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 05/2003; 44(4):1783-92. · 3.60 Impact Factor