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ABSTRACT: Multiplexing of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) in microarrays promises to increase the efficiency, reduce the costs, and improve the quality of high-throughput assays. However, this technology is still nascent and has not yet achieved the status of "high throughput" or laid claim to handling a large set of receptors. In addition, the technology has been demonstrated only when using fluorescent ligands to detect binding, limiting its application to a subset of GPCRs. To expand the impact of multiplexing on this receptor class, we have developed a radiometric approach to the microarray assay. In these studies, we considered two receptors in the alpha-adrenergic receptor family, alpha2A and alpha2C, and the 125I-labeled agonist clonidine. We demonstrate that microarrays of these receptors can be readily detected (signal/noise ratio approximately 160) using a Typhoon 9210 PhosphorImager. In addition, biochemical characterization shows that ligand-binding profiles and selectivity are preserved with the selective antagonists BRL44408 and ARC239. Importantly, these microarrays use approximately 200- to 400-fold less membrane preparation required by conventional assay methods and allow two or more receptors to be assayed in an area equivalent to a standard well of a microtiter plate. The impact of this approach on screening in drug discovery is discussed.
Analytical Biochemistry 07/2007; 365(2):266-73. · 2.58 Impact Factor