[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two new benzophenones were isolated from the leaves of Hypericum carinatum. Their structures were established on the basis of 2D NMR spectroscopic analyses and mass spectrometry as cariphenone A (6-benzoyl-5,7-dihydroxy-2,2,8-trimethyl-2H-chromene) (1) and cariphenone B (8-benzoyl-5,7-dihydroxy-2,2,6-trimethyl-2H-chromene) (2). Five known compounds, the phloroglucinol derivative uliginosin B (3), 1-eicosanol, sitosterol, stigmasterol, and campesterol, were also characterized. Compounds 1-3 were evaluated for their total antioxidant capacity through a total radical-trapping parameter assay. Only compound 1 showed moderate antioxidant activity, exhibiting inhibition of chemiluminescence similar to that of quercetin at the same concentration.
Journal of Natural Products 06/2005; 68(5):784-6. · 3.95 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Recently the crude methanol extracts of six Hypericum species were analysed against a panel of microorganisms and it was found that H. caprifoliatum Cham. & Schlecht., H. myrianthum Cham. & Schlecht. and H. polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt were the most active. This paper reports the activity of the hexane, chloroform and methanol fractions of these plants as well as the activity of some isolated compounds against Staphylococcus aureus determined by bioautographic procedures.
Phytotherapy Research 04/2005; 19(4):291-3. · 2.40 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Crude methanolic extracts and fractions from the aerial parts of seven species of Hypericum (H. caprifoliatum Cham. and Schltdl., H. carinatum Griseb., H. connatum Lam., H. ternum A. St.-Hil., H. myrianthum Cham. and Schltdl., H. piriai Arechav. and H. polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt) growing in southern Brazil were analyzed for their in vitro antifungal activity against a panel of standardized and clinical opportunistic pathogenic yeasts and filamentous fungi, including dermatophytes, by the agar dilution method. Chloroform and hexane extracts of H. ternum showed the greatest activity among extracts tested.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The air dried and powdered plant material, aerial parts, was extracted in a Soxhlet
apparatus with petroleum ether for 12 h and then the extract was evaporated to
dryness under reduced pressure. The petroleum ether extract was analyzed by TLC
on silica gel. The main products were isolated by column chromatography on silica
gel using a n-hexane/EtOAc gradient system followed by preparative TLC on silica
gel with chloroform: hexane (3:1), to afford uliginosin B, from both H.carinatum
and H.polyan themum and hiperbrasilol B, from both H.caprifol iatum and H.connatum.
The products were identified by 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopy.
Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 05/2004; 32:517-519. · 1.17 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The crude methanolic extracts of six species of Hypericum [H. caprifoliatum Cham. & Schlecht., H. carinatum Griseb., H. connatum Lam., H. ternum A. St. Hil., H. myrianthum Cham. & Schlecht. and H. polyanthemum Klotzsch ex Reichardt] growing in southern Brazil were analyzed for antimicrobial activity against several microorganisms (bacteria and fungi). The most active plant was H. caprifoliatum, which showed activity against Staphylococcus aureus. Only H. polyanthemum and H. ternum extracts were active against Bacillus subtilis. None of the crude methanolic extracts showed activity against S. epidermidis, Escherichia coli or Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Extracts from these species were evaluated chemically and tannin, flavonoid and phenolic acids were the prominent compounds. The plants contained quercitrin, hyperoside (except H. connatum) and, less frequently, isoquercitrin and chlorogenic acid. In contrast to H. perforatum, which has high concentrations of rutin, these species do not produce this flavonoid or it appears as traces. The tannin concentration varied between 5.1 and 16.7% in H. myrianthum and H. ternum, respectively.