[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Making a system state follow a prescribed trajectory despite fluctuations and
errors commonly consists in monitoring an observable (temperature,
blood-glucose level...) and reacting on its controllers (heater power, insulin
amount ...). In the quantum domain, there is a change of paradigm in feedback
since measurements modify the state of the system, most dramatically when the
trajectory goes through superpositions of measurement eigenstates. Here, we
demonstrate the stabilization of an arbitrary trajectory of a superconducting
qubit by measurement based feedback. The protocol benefits from the long
coherence time ($T_2>10 \mu$s) of the 3D transmon qubit, the high efficiency
(82%) of the phase preserving Josephson amplifier, and fast electronics
ensuring less than 500 ns delay. At discrete time intervals, the state of the
qubit is measured and corrected in case an error is detected. For Rabi
oscillations, where the discrete measurements occur when the qubit is supposed
to be in the measurement pointer states, we demonstrate an average fidelity of
85% to the targeted trajectory. For Ramsey oscillations, which does not go
through pointer states, the average fidelity reaches 75%. Incidentally, we
demonstrate a fast reset protocol allowing to cool a 3D transmon qubit down to
0.6% in the excited state.
Physical Review X 01/2013; 3(2). · 8.39 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the experimental evidence of giant optical anisotropy in single InAs QDs. Polarization-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy in single QDs reveals a linear polarization ratio which fluctuates, from one dot to another, in sign and in magnitude with absolute values up to 82%. We do not observe any dependence of the linear polarization on incident power and temperature.
Physica E Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 02/2005; 26(1):51-54. · 1.86 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present the experimental evidence of giant optical anisotropy in single InAs quantum dots. Polarization-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy reveals a linear polarization ratio with huge fluctuations, from one quantum dot to another, in sign and in magnitude with absolute values up to 82%. Systematic measurements on hundreds of quantum dots coming from two different laboratories demonstrate that the giant optical anisotropy is an intrinsic feature of dilute quantum-dot arrays. Comment: submitted to Applied Physics Letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the first direct observation of Huang–Rhys side-bands in the photoluminescence spectrum of a single InAs/GaAs quantum dot (QD). At low temperature (10K) the single QD spectrum has a quasi-Lorentzian profile. At higher temperatures, we observe a strong deviation from a Lorentzian profile with the appearance of asymmetric side-bands which become symmetric above 70K. We obtain an excellent agreement with theoretical calculations done in the framework of the Huang–Rhys formalism. We conclude that the zero-phonon linewidth is the relevant parameter for the observation of the low-energy acoustic phonon side-bands.
Physica E Low-dimensional Systems and Nanostructures 03/2004; 21(2):336-340. · 1.86 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present an experimental and theoretical study of the existence of acoustic phonon sidebands in the emission line of single self-assembled InAs/GaAs quantum dots. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence measurements reveal a deviation from a Lorentzian profile with the appearance of lateral sidebands. We obtain an excellent agreement with calculations done in the framework of the Huang-Rhys formalism. We conclude that the only relevant parameter for the observation of acoustic phonon sidebands is the linewidth of the central zero-phonon line. At high temperature, the quasi-Lorentzian quantum dot line appears to be fully determined by the acoustic phonon sidebands.