ABSTRACT: With the aim to investigate influence of glycemic control on clinical state and course of disease, renal function, and neurohormonal profile of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) we studied 81 patients with NYHA functional class (FC) II - III CHF, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) 45% and type 2 DM. As a result of randomization 2 groups were formed - active with achievement of target levels of glycemia (n=41) and usual treatment (n=40). Retrospective analysis in dependence of efficacy of sugar lowering therapy was also conducted. Group 1 (n=18) comprised patients with achieved 1% lowering of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1 ), group 2 (n=26) - patients with bA1c lowering < 1%, group 3 (n=31) - patients with increase of HbA1 . Total duration of the investigation for the first analysis was 12, for the second - 6 months. Control examination was carried out at baseline, after 6 and 12 months of investigation and included assessment of clinico-functional status, glomerular filtration rate, neurohormonal profile (brain natriuretic peptide, noradrenalin, and angiotensin II). The state of carbohydrate metabolism was assessed with the help of determination of the level of HbA1c and oral glucose tolerance test. Absence of dynamics of glycemia in active and nonactive groups, in the active group improvement of clinico-functional status, quality of life, and parameters of remodeling was noted. Complementary retrospective analysis revealed improvement of functional status, renal function, and lowering of RAAS activity at 1% lowering of HbA1 and achievement of its target values. With this it was shown that betterment of functional possibilities ensued at lowering of HbA1c level not less than by 0.8%. Thus necessity and efficacy of strict glycemic control of DM in patients with CHF was proved.
Kardiologiia 02/2008; 48(9):17-27. · 0.20 Impact Factor