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ABSTRACT: To assess retrobulbar blood flow velocities and finger nailfold capillary blood flow velocities (two readily accessible vascular beds) in subjects with primary hypercholesterolemia before and during lipid-lowering therapy.
Retrobulbar blood flow velocities and finger nailfold capillary blood flow velocities were assessed in 15 hypercholesterolemic subjects and in 15 age-matched and sex-matched healthy control subjects. In addition, the change in blood flow velocities after a 3-month period of lipid-lowering therapy was evaluated.
No alterations in retrobulbar blood flow velocities after lipid-lowering therapy could be observed in hypercholesterolemic patients. Nailfold capillary blood flow velocity was slower in hypercholesterolemic subjects than control subjects immediately after local cooling (P = .0052), but this vascular dysregulation did not improve after lipid-lowering therapy (P = .58).
Blood flow alterations, potentially caused by perturbed vascular endothelial function, may occur in nailfold capillaries of hypercholesterolemic subjects. Such alterations were not seen in retrobulbar vessels, and blood flow measures did not change during lipid-lowering therapy.
American Journal of Ophthalmology 10/1999; 128(3):310-6. · 3.63 Impact Factor