ABSTRACT: The epidemiological profile of urinary stones varies from region of the world to another according to food habit and certain enviromental factors. The aim of our study was to establish an etiological approach of the urinary lithiasis collected in Conakry by morphological and constitutional analysis.
It was a prospective study from january 1 rst 2003 to january 1 rst 2004 concerning all the stones collected. They were analysed by binocular magnifying glass and infra red spectrophotometry of Fourier.
During the period, 18 patients were observed (14 male, 4 femele) of 27.4 +/- 4 years old (from 2 to 69) living mainly in urban environment. From these patients 28 stones were collected; 12 spontaneously and 16 surgicaly. Their composition were whewellite (36%), struvite (29%), carbapatite (14%), urates (14%) and weddellite (7%). In Conakry stones come mainly from hyperoxaluria and urinary tract infection; hypercalciuria is uncomon.
The urinary calculations examined among patients show in the adult a prevalence of elements in favour of a hyperoxalurie and a notable context of urinary infections in particular in the child; the pure hypercalciurie remains negligible in Conakry, we plan to lead a thorough work to the national scales.
Bulletin de la Société médicale d'Afrique noire de langue française 02/2007; 52(2):123-9.