ABSTRACT: Relative antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive potencies of glucocorticoids (GC) were previously well defined. Nonetheless, GC also regulate cell proliferation and programmed death (apoptosis). The aim of this study was to determine the relative potency of different GC on the modulation of cell survival. The GC-sensitive lymphoblast cell line CEM-c7/14 was submitted to 48 h-exposure to GC (dose-response curve from 10(-8) to 10(-5) M). Cell survival was analyzed employing the DimethylTiazol-Tetrazolium (MTT) test. For each GC at least 4 experiments were performed in quadruplicate. Responses to different GC at the same molarity were analyzed by ANOVA on Ranks. Cell responses to the same GC in different concentrations were tested by repeated measures ANOVA. The EC50 for each GC was calculated with the GraphPad Prism 3.0 software. The use of low concentrations (10(-8) and 10(-7) M) of hydrocortisone and methylprednisolone determined a similar effects on cell survival, which was less prominent than that observed with betamethasone, budesonide or momethasone. Momethasone was the most potent GC, inducing the most intense dexamethasone reduction on cell survival at the lowest concentration (10(-8) M). Momethasone and methylprednisolone were the two GC with the strongest impact on cell survival. Our findings suggest that antiproliferative and apoptotic potencies of GC are different from those previously reported antiinflammatory and immunosuppressive actions.
Arquivos Brasileiros de Endocrinologia & Metabologia 07/2005; 49(3):378-83. · 0.88 Impact Factor