C F Jehn

Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlín, Berlin, Germany

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Publications (14)43.48 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background Malignant ascites (MA) is a common manifestation of advanced cancer. Currently, there are no evidence-based guidelines for the management of MA. We conducted a survey with physicians throughout Germany and Austria, to get an overview of current approaches and opinions in the treatment of MA. Methods One hundred and twenty-eight medical oncologists (MO), gastroenterologists (GE), and gynecologists (GYN) completed an electronic questionnaire consisting of 33 questions. Results Ninety percent of the physicians were from Germany and 10 % from Austria; 48 % of those were MO, 30 % were GYN, and 14 % were GE. Most physicians treated an average of 34 patients (pts)/year with MA. Twenty-six percent of these pts suffered from ovarian, 20 % from pancreatic, 17 % from gastric, and 14 % from colorectal cancer. The majority of the physicians associated MA with poor prognosis (92 %) and significant reduction in quality of life (87 %). One third felt that MA was a contraindication for full dosing of systemic chemotherapy. Paracentesis (PC) was performed in 70 % of pts with symptom relieve and quality of life being the main reasons. Almost half of the pts required 3–5 PC, 50 % even more than 5 PC during the course of their disease. Only 15 % of pts needed multiple PC per week; the majority (79 %) needed the procedure either once a week or every 14 days. In 61 % of pts, 3–5 L of ascites fluid was drained. Only in 8 %, 5 L and more were removed. Volume substitution with IV albumin was performed in 40 % of pts. Most pts (55 %) had to stay 1–3 h in a healthcare facility for the procedure. However, 21 % had to stay ≥1 day. While almost all physicians (89 %) performed a PC at some point in the treatment of MA, 75 % felt that a systemic chemotherapy and 55 % thought a concomitant diuretic therapy were a necessary adjunct. Seven percent of the pts received a targeted treatment with catumaxomab. Conclusions Repeated PC is the main pillar of treatment of MA; its effect is only temporary and requires significant hospital resources. Further treatment strategies of MA have to be evaluated in prospective studies. Targeted therapies like catumaxomab and VEGF inhibitors should be integrated into these.
    Supportive Care Cancer 12/2014; · 2.65 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background We investigated the influence of comorbidity, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status and age on the efficacy and safety profile of cetuximab and irinotecan in elderly irinotecan-pretreated patients with mCRC. Methods 497 patients with mCRC were entered in the database of this non-interventional study (NIS). Comorbid conditions were recorded. Results A total of 247 and 250 patients aged <65 and >65 years, respectively, with a median age of 66 y were documented; 78% of the patients showed a reduced ECOG status. Grade III/IV toxicities occurred in 18% of patients without any difference between age groups although older patients had more comorbidities with a higher Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) (p = 0.002). Skin rash was strongly related to response (p = 0.006). Age, line of therapy, ECOG, gender and CCI had no influence on response. The objective response rates were similar: 38.1% for age <65 years versus 36.4% for age >65 years (p = 0.57). Progression-free survival (PFS) did not differ between patients 18–65 years (6.0 months) and patients >65 years (6.2 months; p = 0.99). Only PS had a negative impact on PFS (hazard ratio (HR): 0,499; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.34–0.72; p = 0.002), whereas the presence of skin toxicity (grade > 1) influenced PFS and response rate (RR) positively (HR: 2.04; 95% CI, 1.6–2.6; p < 0.001). Conclusions Only PS and age had a negative influence on PFS irrespective of CCI or age. There were no significant differences in response rate and safety profile for elderly patients when treated with cetuximab and irinotecan. Comorbidities and age had no influence on efficacy or toxicity.
    European journal of cancer (Oxford, England: 1990) 01/2014; · 4.12 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Depression and anxiety are the core disorders causing emotional distress in patients (pts) with metastatic breast cancer. The aim of our study was to screen metastatic breast cancer outpatients for anxiety and depression, and to investigate the influence of age, Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), cancer activity, and inflammation as represented by IL-6 levels on these two mood disorders. Pts treated with chemotherapy for metastatic breast cancer (n = 70) were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) for symptoms (scores 0-21) and caseness (score ≥11) of clinical depression and anxiety. Blood samples for IL-6 concentrations were collected at 10:00 a.m. A total of 22 (31.4 %) pts were diagnosed with caseness of clinical depression and 23 (32.9 %) pts with clinical anxiety, while 12 pts were diagnosed positive for both mood disorders. Depression and anxiety were positively but moderately correlated (Spearman's r (2) = 0.24, p < 0.001). IL-6 was significantly correlated with symptoms of depression (r (2) = 0.42, p < 0.001) and to a lesser extent to symptoms of anxiety (r (2) = 0.16, p = 0.001). In addition, IL-6 was positively associated with tumor progression (p < 0.001). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that tumor progression (standardized b = 0.226, p = 0.047), symptoms of anxiety (b = 0.292, p = 0.016), and IL-6 (b = 0.314, p = 0.007) were independently associated with clinical depression, whereas anxiety was linked to tumor progression (b = 0.238, p = 0.030), symptoms of depression (b = 0.407, p < 0.001) and age (b = -0.381, p < 0.001), but not to IL-6 (b = 0.168, p = 0.134). Even though a positive correlation between depression and anxiety exists, clinical parameters like age, cancer activity, KPS, and IL-6 do influence depression and anxiety differently. Unlike clinical depression, anxiety is not associated with increased IL-6 levels, however, shows a reciprocal correlation with age.
    Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 11/2012; · 4.47 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Clinical trials under-represent patients (pts) >65 years. Non-interventional studies (NISs) help to evaluate therapies in daily practice. This NIS evaluates efficacy and safety of cetuximab in combination with chemotherapy in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) pts aged >65 years vs ≤ 65 years. A total of 657 pts were recruited into the NIS and analysed applying descriptive statistics and χ(2) or Fisher's exact test. A total of 309 and 305 pts aged ≤ 65 and >65 years, respectively, were documented; 80% showing a reduced ECOG status of 1-2 and 95% having received at least one palliative treatment. Cetuximab was combined with irinotecan according to approval status. Grade III/IV toxicities occurred in 20% of pts without any difference between age groups although the older pts had significantly more pre-existing comorbidities (P=0.001). A total of 64.2% of the pts developed skin rash, which was strongly related to response (P<0.0002) without any difference between age groups (P=0.34). The objective response rates were 37.9% for ages 18-65 years vs 35.4% for >65 years. Progression-free survival (PFS) did not differ between pts 18-65 years old (6.5 months) in comparison with pts >65 years (7.0 months). In a multivariate analysis only ECOG status had a negative impact on PFS (HR: 0,675; 95% Cl, 0.53-0.87; P=0.0019). This NIS reports one of the largest mCRC collectives >65 years and reduced performance status. Cetuximab has a similar efficacy and safety profile for pts aged ≤ 65 and >65 years.
    British Journal of Cancer 01/2012; 106(2):274-8. · 5.08 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is defined as thrombocytopenia and microangiopathic hemolytic anemia. Cancer-associated TMA, a rare but fatal condition, seems an entity distinct from classical thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP)/hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients with breast cancer-associated TMA treated at our institution between 2003 and 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. To elucidate pathophysiological mechanisms, we measured the serum activity of the metalloprotease ADAMTS13. RESULTS: 8 patients were identified. All showed bone marrow infiltration of breast cancer as well as thrombocytopenia, schistocytes, and hemolytic anemia. ADAMTS13 activity was mildly decreased in 4/6 patients (20-108%, normal range 30-120%), but none showed severely low levels as is characteristic of classical TTP. 6 patients were treated with anthracycline-containing fractionated chemotherapy, 5/6 patients experienced partial response. Overall survival was 13 months. Fractionated chemotherapy was well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer-associated TMA has an underlying mechanism different from classical TTP. While bone marrow infiltration might be of major relevance, ADAMTS13 deficiency seems to be an epiphenomenon. Fractionated chemotherapy resulted in higher remission rates and comparatively long survival.
    Breast Care 12/2011; 6(6):441-445. · 0.68 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The surface receptor CUB domain-containing protein 1 (CDCP1) is highly expressed in several adenocarcinomas and speculated to participate in anchorage-independent cell survival and cell motility. Tyrosine kinase phosphorylation seems to be crucial for intracellular signaling of CDCP1. Lapatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), is approved for treatment of HER-2/neu overexpressing metastatic breast cancer and functions by preventing autophosphorylation following HER-2/neu receptor activation. This study aimed to investigate the effect of CDCP1 expression on anchorage-independent growth and cell motility of breast cancer cells. Moreover, studies were performed to examine if lapatinib provided any beneficial effect on HER-2/neu((+)/-)/CDCP1(+) breast cancer cell lines. In our studies, we affirmed that CDCP1 prevents cells from undergoing apoptosis when cultured in the absence of cell-substratum anchorage and that migratory and invasive properties of these cells were decreased when CDCP1 was down-regulated. However, only HER-2/neu(+), but not HER-2/neu((+)/-) cells showed decreased proliferation and invasion and an enhanced level of apoptosis towards loss of anchorage when treated with lapatinib. Therefore, we conclude that CDCP1 might be involved in regulating adhesion and motility of breast cancer cells but that lapatinib has no effect on tyrosine kinases regulating CDCP1. Nonetheless, other TKIs might offer therapeutic approaches for CDCP1-targeted breast cancer therapy and should be studied considering this aspect.
    Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 09/2011; 414(1):226-32. · 2.28 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Evidence suggests that cytokines (IL-6) and alteration of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis play a crucial role in the etiology of depression. Patients with cancer show elevated prevalence rates for depression. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the associations between these abnormalities and depression. Plasma concentrations of IL-6 and cortisol were measured in cancer patients with (N = 31) and without depression (N = 83). The relative diurnal variation of cortisol (cortisol VAR), expressed in percentage, was calculated. There was a significant difference in median plasma concentration of IL-6 between the patients with depression and those without (18.7 vs 2.7 pg/mL; P < .001). Relative cortisol VAR was decreased in depressed patients as compared with patients without depression (11.72% vs 60.6%, P = .037). A positive correlation between the depressive symptoms and IL-6 concentration was found (r = 0.469, P < .001). Negative correlations were found between cortisol VAR versus depressive symptoms and cortisol VAR versus IL-6 (r = -0.6, P < .001 and r = -0.52, P < .001, respectively). IL-6 (odds ratio [OR] = 1.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0-1.2; P = .006) and cortisol VAR (OR = 1.3; 95%CI = 1.0-1.4; P = .02) are independently associated with depression. Depression in cancer is associated with increased plasma IL-6 concentrations and dysfunction of the HPA axis.
    Integrative Cancer Therapies 09/2010; 9(3):270-5. · 2.35 Impact Factor
  • Oral Oncology Supplement 05/2007; 2(1):118-118.
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    ABSTRACT: Lipoplatin, a novel liposomal formulation of cisplatin, is composed of cisplatin and liposomes based on dipalmityl phosphatidyl glycerol (DPPG), soy phosphatidyl choline (SPC-3), cholesterol and methoxypolyethylene glycol-distearoyl phosphatidylethanolamine (mPEG2000-DSPE). Liposomal encapsulation of cisplatin is designed to increase safety and tolerability by decreasing, e.g., nephrotoxicity through decreased exposure of organs to cisplatin, while effectively delivering the drug to the tumor. In an ongoing phase III trial comparing cisplatin to lipoplatin (both in combination with infusional high-dose 5-Fluoruracil) in advanced head and neck cancer (HNC), a sub-study to determine the pharmacokinetic profile of lipoplatin in comparison to conventional cisplatin was undertaken. In total, twelve patients with advanced HNC received a combination chemotherapy with either lipoplatin/5-FU or cisplatin/5-FU. Plasma samples were analyzed for concentration of total platinum in patients from both arms. All twelve patients from the pharmacokinetic sub-study were male Caucasians at a mean age of 60 years. There was no difference in age or kidney function between the two treatment groups. The total body clearance for cisplatin was 1.25 L/(hxm2) for the liposomal formulation, compared to 0.62 L/(hxm2) for conventional cisplatin. The terminal half life was half as long for lipoplatin (10.98 h) as compared to cisplatin (24.5h). Even though the maximum observed concentration in the plasma (C(max) was greater for lipoplatin than for cisplatin, the area under the concentration time-curve (AUC) was less (6.5 microg/ml vs. 4.07 microg/ml and 66.85 microg/h/ml vs. 130.33 microg/h/ml, respectively). The pharmacokinetic profile of lipoplatin (in combination with 5-FU) suggests that the liposomal formulation results in a greater body clearance and shorter half life than conventional cisplatin, which confirms the clinical observation of decreased taxicity, especially renal deterioration.
    Anticancer research 01/2007; 27(1A):471-5. · 1.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Inflammation and perturbation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function appears to play a putative role in the etiology of depression. Patients with metastatic cancer demonstrate elevated prevalence rates for depression. The objective of the current study was to illustrate the efficacy of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and HPA axis function as adjuncts to support the diagnosis of depression in cancer patients. Plasma concentrations of IL-6 and cortisol were measured in 114 cancer patients with and without depression. The relative diurnal variation of cortisol (cortisol VAR), expressed as a percentage, was calculated. Receiver operating characteristics analysis was performed. Depression was associated with increased plasma concentrations of IL-6 (18.7 pg/mL vs. 2.7 pg/mL; P < .001) and higher cortisol concentrations at 8 AM and 8 PM. The relative cortisol VAR (11.7% vs. 60.6%, respectively; P < .001) was found to be decreased in cancer patients with depression, indicating a disturbed circadian function of the HPA axis. As a biomarker of depression, IL-6 yielded at a cutoff value of 10.6 pg/mL, a sensitivity of 79%, and a specificity of 87% (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.86; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.78-0.94), whereas cortisol VAR demonstrated a sensitivity of 81% and a specificity of 88% (AUC = 0.85; 95% CI, 0.74-0.97) at a cutoff value of 33.5%. Depression is associated with increased plasma IL-6 concentrations in patients with cancer. These patients demonstrate a dysfunction of the HPA-axis, characterized by a decreased diurnal variation of cortisol. The high sensitivity and specificity of these parameters biomarkers of depression make IL-6 and cortisol VAR helpful tools in the diagnosis of depression in patients with cancer.
    Cancer 01/2007; 107(11):2723-9. · 5.20 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Gemcitabine and vinorelbine are active agents for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Prolonged infusion of gemcitabine can result in higher levels of active metabolites compared to shorter administration. This phase II trial was initiated to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of gemcitabine as prolonged infusion in combination with vinorelbine in anthracycline and/or taxane pretreated patients with metastatic breast cancer. Patients who had received one prior line of chemotherapy for metastatic disease were treated with gemcitabine (350 mg/m2 as 4 h infusion) and vinorelbine (25 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8. Treatment was repeated every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles. Of 26 patients enrolled, 84% had received prior anthracycline treatment and 50% prior taxane therapy. In total, one complete and six partial responses were achieved, accounting for an overall response rate of 30.4%. The clinical benefit rate was 47.8%. Median duration of response and median time to progression were 7.3 months and 4.6 months, respectively. Median overall survival was 14.5 months. Although the predominant toxicity was myelosuppression with grade 3/4 neutropenia in 42% of patients, few neutropenic complications resulted. Non-hematological toxicity was generally moderate. Most common non-hematologic toxicities were nausea, vomiting, alopecia, peripheral neuropathy and elevation of liver enzymes. Gemcitabine as prolonged infusion and vinorelbine are a safe and effective combination treatment in anthracycline and/or taxane pretreated patients. Approximately 47.8% of patients derived clinical benefit from treatment. This regimen represents a therapeutic option for patients receiving second-line therapy for metastatic breast cancer.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 10/2005; 131(9):568-74. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Combinations of anthracyclines, taxanes and gemcitabine have shown high activity in breast cancer. This trial was designed to evaluate a modified combination regimen as primary chemotherapy. Non-pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (NPLD) was used instead of conventional doxorubicin to improve cardiac safety. Gemcitabine was given 72 h after NPLD and docetaxel as a prolonged infusion over 4 h in order to optimize synergistic effects and accumulation of active metabolites. Forty-four patients with histologically confirmed stage II or III breast cancer were treated with NPLD (60 mg/m(2)) and docetaxel (75 mg/m(2)) on day 1 and gemcitabine as 4-h infusion (350 mg/m(2)) on day 4. Treatment was repeated every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles. All patients received prophylactically recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor. Patients with axillary lymph node involvement after primary chemotherapy received adjuvant treatment with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate and fluorouracil. The clinical response rate was 80%, and complete remissions of the primary tumor occurred in 10 patients (25%). Breast conservation surgery was performed in 19 out of 20 patients (95%) with an initial tumor size of less than 3 cm and in 14 patients (70%) with a tumor size <or=3 cm. Seven patients had histologically confirmed complete responses accounting for a pCR rate of 17.5%. Expression of Ki--67 was the most important predictive parameter for response with high 38.9% breast pCR rate in patients with elevated Ki--67 expression. Although the predominant toxicity was myelosuppression with grade 3/4 neutropenia in 61% of patients few neutropenic complications resulted. Non-hematological toxicity was generally moderate with grade 3 or 4 toxicity in 10.0% of cycles. Most common non-hematologic toxicities were nausea, vomiting, alopecia, mucositis, asthenia and elevation of liver enzymes. The evaluated schedule provides a safe and highly effective combination treatment for patients with early breast cancer, which is suitable for phase III studies.
    Annals of Oncology 10/2005; 16(10):1624-31. · 7.38 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Intraorbital metastases of solid tumors are a rarely diagnosed clinical condition, even though pathological reports suggest an incidence of up to 30% in cancer patients. We report two cases of intraorbital, extraocular metastases in breast cancer. The first patient was a 45-year-old man who presented with diplopia, upward divergence of the left bulb, and local pain. In the standard cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) no cerebral or ocular tumor was detectable. A subsequent T1-weighted, contrast-enhanced orbital MRI with fat suppression revealed an infrabulbar mass of 18 x 13 mm in size. The second patient, a 59-year-old woman, complained of slight diplopia when looking to the left. Cerebral MRI with fat suppression showed a retrobulbar mass with 17x13 mm. In both patients metastatic breast cancer was known for several years, and both had been in a stable disease situation. Both patients were treated with stereotactic radiation, applying a cumulative dose of 35 and 45 Gy, respectively, which resulted in marked improvement of local symptoms. Most eye metastases of breast cancer are located in the choroidea, while an extrabulbar localization within the orbit is rare, with only 3-10% of all ocular metastases. Autopsy reports reveal that an estimated 10-30% of breast cancer patients develop this form of metastasis. This is in strong contrast to rare clinical case reports, suggesting frequently absent to mild clinical signs and difficult diagnosis. If breast cancer patients complain of ophthalmological symptoms such as local pain, impaired vision, or diplopia, it is important to consider ocular or orbital metastatic disease.
    Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 01/2005; 130(12):745-8. · 2.91 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Cisplatin is one of the most active chemotherapeutic agents used in the treatment of advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN). However, its clinical efficacy is limited by its renal and hematotoxicity profile. In a randomized, multicenter phase III trial, we replaced conventional cisplatin by a liposomal formulation of cisplatin (lipoplatin) and compared the safety and efficacy profiles of patients in the two treatment arms. Main inclusion criteria were: histologically confirmed SCCHN, age between 18-75 years with sufficient renal function. Main endpoints for this interims analysis were hemato- and nephrotoxicity. First response data were collected. Forty-six patients were evaluable for outcome and toxicity. Grade III and IV hematotoxicity were more frequent in the cisplatin arm (31.7% vs. 12%), with grade IV leucopenia occurring in 22.2%. However, 16% of the patients in that treatment arm experienced grade III anemia compared to only 9.5% treated with the cisplatin regimen. A total 4% of the patients in the lipoplatin arm developed grade IV neuropathy, whereas in the cisplatin arm, 19% developed grade III neuropathy and none developed grade IV. The renal toxicity profile of both drugs also showed marked differences. In the cisplatin arm, 23.8% of patients suffered grade III toxicity. In contrast, no grade III or IV renal toxicity occurred in patients treated with lipoplatin. The efficacy results showed 38.8% objective partial remission in the cisplatin arm vs. 19% in the lipoplatin arm. However 64% of the patients achieved stable disease while being treated with lipoplatin/5-fluorouracil (5-FU), vs. 50% in the cisplatin/5-FU arm. Liposomal cisplatin seems to reduce both the renal and hematological toxicity to a clinically relevant extent as compared to conventional cisplatin. The clinical benefit rate is similar for both regimens.
    Anticancer research 28(6B):3961-4. · 1.71 Impact Factor

Publication Stats

148 Citations
43.48 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007–2014
    • Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
      • • Medical Department, Division of Hematology, Oncology and Tumor Immunology
      • • Department of Pediatrics, Division of Oncology and Hematology
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany
    • Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
      • Department of Psychology
      Berlín, Berlin, Germany