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ABSTRACT: To survey incidence of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) in China and to provide useful information for prevention and better treatment of the disease.
The survey was retrospectively carried out from 1991 to 2000 and included 143 hospitals in the following seven Chinese provinces: Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian, Anhui, Jiangxi, Shanxi and Henan.
Excluding incomplete data, data from 118 hospitals from seven provinces were finally analyzed. The total numbers of pregnancy and GTD were 3,674, 654 and 14,222, respectively. The GTD cases occurred mainly among 20 - 34 year old women, which accounted for 85.5% of total GTD. The incidence of GTD was 3.87 per thousand. There were 9,194 cases (64.6%) of hydatidiform, 3,452 cases (24.3%) of invasive mole, 1521 cases (10.7%) of choriocarcinoma, 55 cases (0.4%) of placenta-site trophoblastic tumor, respectively.
The results of this survey are reliable and representative due to large sampling and hospital-based data collection. The incidences of GTD decreased significantly compared with 1950s'. It is important to take pathological examination for GTD and to diagnose complate mole and partial mole correctly.
Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi 03/2005; 40(2):76-8.