Cheng-chu Zhu

Wenzhou Medical College, Yung-chia, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (8)0 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy(CTLE) in the treatment of advanced esophageal carcinoma. From June 2011 to February 2012, 11 patients with locally advanced esophageal carcinoma underwent neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by CTLE(clinical stageII(B-III(A). NP (vinorelbine pin and cisplatin) or TP (programpaclitaxel-pin and cisplatin) were applied as preoperative chemotherapy. During the same period, conventional fractionated radiotherapy was used with the radiation dose of 40 Gy/20 F. At four to six weeks after CRT, 11 patients received three-incision CTLE. During chemoradiation, 9 patients developed bone marrow suppression. The interval between completion of chemoradiation and surgery was(49.6±15.4) d. Intraoperative findings revealed local fibrosis in one patient(75 days after chemoradiation) while operative difficulty was not increased in the remaining 10 patients. Compared to 15 patients who received surgery alone, operative time was shorter[(242.3±27.0) min vs.(280.5±27.2) min, P=0.002] and intraoperative blood loss was less[(168.2±95.6) ml vs. (244.5±84.8) ml, P=0.042], the number of removal lymph nodes was similar[(19.5±5.8) vs. (20.5±7.1), P=0.683], postoperative hospital stay was prolonged[(18.9±10.3) d vs.(12.5±4.6) d, P=0.020]. The postoperative complication rate was 36.4% including cervical anastomotic leak with pulmonary infection (n=1), cervical anastomotic fistula and hoarseness (n=1), pulmonary infection with pleural effusion(n=2). Follow up ranged from 1 to 9 months, and no recurrence was found. The neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy in the treatment of locally advanced esophageal carcinoma is safe, feasible, and the short-term outcomes are favorable.
    Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery 09/2012; 15(9):943-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To investigate the influence of combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy for early postoperative pulmonary function, and to study the relative factors for postoperative pulmonary complications. From September 2009 to December 2010, 61 patients with esophageal cancer had undergone esophagectomy surgery, of which 32 patients had undergone combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy (CTLE group), and 29 patients had undergone open three-field esophagectomy (open group). Pulmonary function, including forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV(1)) were measured on the 1(th) preoperative day, 5(th) and 10(th) postoperative day, and arterial blood gas analyses were performed during the same period. Meanwhile, pain scores and other potentially relevant factors were recorded as well. Preoperative pulmonary function and arterial blood gas analysis, including FEV(1)%, FVC%, PaO2 in two groups had no significant difference (t = -1.608 to 0.709, P = 0.113 to 0.481). On the 10(th) postoperative day, FEV(1)%, FVC%, PaO2, and SaO2 of two groups were significantly different (FEV(1)%: 77% ± 17% vs. 53% ± 13%, t = 6.241, P = 0.000; FVC%: 78% ± 13% vs. 57% ± 16%, t = 5.549, P = 0.000; PaO2: (87 ± 9) mmHg vs. (79 ± 14) mmHg, t = 2.477, P = 0.017; SaO2: 96% ± 3% vs. 94% ± 2%, t = 2.313, P = 0.024; 1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa). Pain score of CTLE group was lower than open group, and the scores of two groups had significant difference before the 5(th) day after surgery (t = -4.398 to -1.815, P = 0.000 to 0.049). Postoperative pulmonary complications of CTLE group was lower than open group (6/32 vs. 12/29, χ(2) = 3.745, P = 0.049). Combined thoracoscopic and laparoscopic esophagectomy has advantages on early postoperative pulmonary function. It can relatively reduce the incidence of pulmonary complications after surgery.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 07/2012; 50(7):633-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the safety and validity of neo-adjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery for locally advanced esophageal carcinoma. Patients with IIB, III staged squamous cell carcinoma of thoracic esophagus were randomly allocated to either preoperative chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery (arm A) or surgery alone (arm B). In arm A, chemotherapy and radiotherapy were performed concurrently. Patients received two cycles of vinorelbine and cisplatin. Vinorelbine at 25 mg/m(2) per day was administered as a bolus infusion at d1, d8, d22 and d29. Cisplatin at 75 mg/m(2) was administered by an intravenous infusion at d1 and d22 (or 25 mg/m(2) days 1 - 4 and 22 - 25). A total radiotherapeutic dose of 40 Gy was delivered in 20 daily fractions of 2.0 Gy each (5 d/wk for 4 weeks). Three-incisioned esophagectomy was performed at Weeks 4 - 6 after chemoradiotherapy. Primary outcome was overall survival time. An interim analysis was performed in June 2011. From July 2007 to June 2011, 123 eligible patients were randomly assigned at 7 cooperative cancer centers (54 cases in arm A vs 69 cases in arm B). In arm A, the clinical response rate of chemoradiotherapy was 90.7%. All patients finished the preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Forty-nine cases continued to receive esophagectomy. The pathological complete response rate was 29.6%. The rate of R0 resection in arm A was significant higher than that in arm B(96.0% vs 85.5%, P = 0.015). The most common grade 3/4 toxicity of chemoradiotherapy was leukopenia occurring in 33 cases (61.1%). Vomiting and esophagitis were usually of Grade 1/2. No patient died or abandoned surgery because of chemoradiation toxicity. Between arms A and B, operative duration, blood loss, duration of chest tube drainage and length of postsurgical hospital stay were similar. The incidences of postoperative heart failure (2.0% vs 1.4%, P = 1.000), anastomotic leakage (8.2% vs 11.6%, P = 0.759) and hoarseness (6.1% vs 4.3%, P = 0.691) were not significantly different. The incidence of pulmonary infection in arm A was slightly higher than that in arm B (8.2% vs 1.4%, P = 0.094). No perioperative deaths occurred in either group. There were no significant differences in overall survivals at 1, 2 years between arms A and B (85.6%/75.5% vs 79.1%/66.1%, P = 0.207). The disease-free survivals at 1, 2 years in arm A were slightly higher than in arm B (86.6%/83.2% vs 70.9%/61.8%, P = 0.075). Neo-adjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgery may achieve a high clinical response rate and pathologic complete tumor regression rate. It significantly increases the R0 resection rate and downstage the esophageal cancer patients. But its ultimate efficacy awaits further follow-up studies.
    Zhonghua yi xue za zhi 04/2012; 92(15):1028-32.
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    ABSTRACT: To study the effects of combination of angiopoietin-1 (ANG-1) and vascular endothelial growth factor₁₆₅ (VEGF₁₆₅) gene transfer mediated by recombinant adeno-associated viral vector on the neovascularization in chronic ischemic porcine myocardium. An ameroid constrictor was implanted around the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) via endoscopy. Six weeks later, coronary angiography revealed that the myocardial ischemia was established by gradual occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX). Sixteen swine with the total occlusion or partial stenosis (> 85 %) of the LCX were divided into 4 groups (4 in each group): group I, group II and group IV (control) received direct myocardium injection of rAAV₂ VEGF₁₆₅, rAAV₂ ANG-1 or PBS alone, respectively; group III received rAAV₂ VEGF₁₆₅ and rAAV₂ ANG-1. Selective coronary angiography and ultrasonography were performed perioperatively to evaluate the cardiac function and the formation of collateral circulation. The expression of VEGF₁₆₅ and ANG-1 proteins were assessed using ELISA or Western blot. The degree of angiogenesis was assessed by use of immunohistochemical analysis. Angiography showed that the occlusion of all LCX was completed or exceeded 95% 6 weeks after ameroid constrictor implantation, indicating the successful establishment of animal model. The expression levels of VEGF₁₆₅ in group I and III and ANG-1 in groups II and III began to increase at d7 after transfection and reached the peak at d14; then decreased gradually to the normal level after 3 months. The expression levels of VEGF₁₆₅ in group II and group IV or that of ANG-1 protein in group I and group IV had no markedly changes at different time after transfection. There were significant increase in capillary density and arteriole density and more side branch vessels formed in group III compared with other groups. Echocardiographic measurements showed that the left ventricular systolic function of animals in groups I, II and III increased significantly after gene transfection, especially in group III; but there was no changes in group IV. Myocardial perfusion and the left ventricular systolic function are improved after rAAV₂ VEGF₁₆₅ or rAAV₂ ANG-1 transfection, which is associated with the angiogenesis in porcine model of chronic myocardial ischemia.
    Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 11/2010; 39(6):610-7.
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    ABSTRACT: To explore and evaluate the feasibility, safety, radicality and the short-term outcome of minimally invasive esophagectomy versus open esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. From July 2007 to October 2009, 67 patients with esophageal cancer received minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE group), while 38 patients underwent conventional open esophagectomy (OE group: via right thorax, abdomen, left neck). The operative procedures, clinicopathological data and short-term outcome were collected and compared between the two groups. The clinical data of the two groups were comparable. No significant differences was found in demographics between the two groups. Median blood loss in MIE group was less than that in OE group (chest: 112.3 ml vs. 175.3 ml, P = 0.035, abdominal: 31.4 ml vs. 100.5 ml, P = 0.026). More patients in OE group were transferred to ICU (P = 0.042) and more obvious pain (P = 0.005). The rate of pulmonary infection and intestinal obstruction in OE group were higher than MIE group (P = 0.046 and 0.045). There were no differences in the number of lymph node dissection for two groups, the average was 20.9 and lymph node metastasis rate was 26.9% in MIE group. Mean follow up was (14.0 ± 2.2) months (range, 2 to 29 months). Recurrence rate and survival rate were no differences. The Minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is feasible, safe, and reliable short-term effect, and can achieve radical tumor resection, which may lead to better future of surgical treatment for esophageal carcinoma.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 08/2010; 48(16):1206-9.
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    ABSTRACT: To construct recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) vector containing angiopoietin-1 (ANG-1) gene and to express the ANG-1 in targeting cells. ANG-1 cDNA was obtained from human spleen by RT-PCR and was inserted into AAV vectors to form rAAV ANG-1, the virus stocks in high titer were harvested. The rAAVANG-1 and rAAV GFP were transferred into pig mesenchymal stem cells and the expression of ANG-1 was detected by Western blot. The cloned ANG-1 cDNA was 1515bp in length which was in accordance with that reported previously. Titration of rAAVANG-1 stock was 9 X 10(11)v.g/ml. The expression of ANG-1 gene was detected in transfected cells. Forty-eight hours after rAAV GFP was transfected into mesenchymal stem cells, 55% cells expressed GFP. The constructed rAAV ANG-1 vector has successfully transfered and expressed in pig mesenchymal stem cells.
    Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences 08/2009; 38(4):370-6.
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    ABSTRACT: To create a standard mini-swine model of chronic ischemic myocardium by endoscopy for the research of gene transfer and stem cell. Twenty-three male China experimental minipigs were used, aged from 8 to 11 months with a mean of (9.3 +/- 1.8) months and weighed from 20 to 30 kg with a mean of (29.3 +/- 4.3) kg. The myocardial ischemia was established by gradual occlusion of the left circumflex coronary artery (LCX) with an Ameroid constrictor. The Ameroid constrictor was implanted around LCX by endoscopy. Selective coronary angiography, electrocardiogram and Echo-Doppler study were performed perioperatively to evaluate the degree of stenosis. Chronic ischemic myocardial models were successfully generated in 20 of 23 swine by full-endoscopy. Ameroid constrictors were placed at the LCX accurately. Three swine died of anesthetic accident, cardiac arrhythmia at secondary coronary angiography, and pulmonary infection within 6 weeks after operation respectively. Operation time was 25 to 65 min with a mean of (46 +/- 9) min. The blood loss was 30 to 60 ml with a mean of (55 +/- 12) ml. Six weeks later, coronary angiography revealed the total occlusion and partial stenosis (> 85%) of the LCX occurred in 7 and 13 swine respectively. Cardiac systolic and diastolic dysfunction were found in all swine. The ejection fraction value was (65.0 +/- 6.3)% before operation and (41.0 +/- 9.3)% after operation (P = 0.008). The fractional shortening value was (36.2 +/- 4.3)% before operation and (34.2 +/- 2.3)% after operation (P = 0.027). The endoscopic surgery is a less invasive way to create a standard mini-swine model of chronic ischemic myocardium with effective results.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 09/2008; 46(15):1163-5.
  • Cheng-chu Zhu, Shi-lin Chen, Min-hua Ye
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    ABSTRACT: To explore the value of video-thoracoscopy in the thoracoscopic mobilization of the thoracic esophagus combined with radical lymphadenectomy. Between March 2002 and May 2003, thoracoscopic mobilization of the thoracic esophagus combined with radical lymphadenectomy was attempted in 25 patients (test group) and 22 cases received routine open thoracotomy (control group). Mean age was 55 years (range 34 - 73). The cancers were T(1)-T(3). Dissection of the thoracic esophagus was attempted via a right-sided approach, followed by a laparotomy and a cervical incision. The thoracoscopic procedure was successful in all patients. There was no post-operative death in two groups. Mean node harvest was (7.8 +/- 1.7) nodes for test group and (7.5 +/- 1.3) nodes for control group (P > 0.05). Mean blood lo of the thoracic component was (130 +/- 83) ml for test group and (350 +/- 135) ml for control group (t = 6.83, P < 0.05). Median post-operative stay was (10.9 +/- 2.5) days for test group and (14.6 +/- 1.7) days for control group (t = 5.87, P < 0.05). Video-thoracoscopy could potentially provide an oncologically sound means for resecting the thoracic esophagus without the need for a thoracotomy. Radical thoracoscopic mobilization of the esophagus is feasible.
    Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery] 06/2005; 43(10):628-30.