[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Statins exert favorable effects on lipoprotein metabolism but may also possess anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we explored the effects of atorvastatin in a model of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rat. Oral treatment with atorvastatin (1-10 mg/kg) from days 10 to 15 after arthritis induction caused inhibition of the increase in paw volume. Maximal inhibition occurred at a dose of 10 mg/kg. At this dose, atorvastatin markedly ameliorated the histopathological findings of joints obtained from day 16 of arthritic animals. This was mirrored by an effective blockade of neutrophil influx, as assessed by the tissue myeloperoxidase levels. The concentrations of the cytokines interleukin-1beta, interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha and the chemokines CCL5 and CCL2 were significantly decreased in arthritic rats treated with atorvastatin. In contrast, the levels of interleukin-10 were enhanced by the drug treatment. The drug also prevented the hypernociception observed in the inflamed joints. These data clearly illustrate the therapeutic potential of a statin-sensitive pathway in inflammatory arthritis.
European Journal of Pharmacology 07/2005; 516(3):282-9. · 2.59 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: There has been much interest in strategies which modulate tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels and/or function in rheumatoid arthritis. The elevation of intracellular levels of cyclic AMP in leukocytes by phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors is accompanied by significant inhibition of the production of TNF-α. Nevertheless, these drugs may enhance the hyperalgesia induced by a range of inflammatory mediators, including TNF-α. In the present study, we examined the effects of the phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitor rolipram on the local inflammatory infiltrate and hyperalgesia in a rat model of adjuvant-induced arthritis. Rolipram (3 mg/kg) was administered by oral gavage from day 10 to 14 after disease induction. Pretreatment with rolipram abrogated oedema formation and significantly inhibited hyperalgesia. Histopathological analysis revealed a marked inhibition of cellular influx as well as bone and cartilage destruction. Serum and local TNF-α levels were suppressed in treated animals whereas there were little changes in interleukin-1β levels. Although cyclic AMP elevating agents may affect nociceptor threshold to increase the hyperalgesic responses acutely, they also possess significant anti-inflammatory activity, which may hinder local mediator release and/or action. The anti-inflammatory effects of rolipram predominate during this chronic arthritis model in the rat.
European Journal of Pharmacology 08/2000; · 2.59 Impact Factor