C G Luchetti

National Scientific and Technical Research Council, Mendoza, Provincia de Mendoza, Argentina

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Publications (10)25.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The present study examined the mechanism by which metformin (N,N'-dimethylbiguanide) prevents embryonic resorption induced in mice by dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Treatment with DHEA (60mg/kg, s.c. 24 and 48h post-implantation) induces embryo resorption of early pregnant BALB/c mice while simultaneous treatment with metformin (240mg/kg, oral 24 and 48h post-implantation) prevents it. During pregnancy progesterone-induced blocking factor (PIBF) modulates prostaglandins (PGs) and cytokine production. These findings prompted us to investigate the effect of DHEA and metformin on both PIBF and cyclooxygenase 2 (COX2) expressions at the implantation sites, as well as cytokine production. PIBF and COX2 expression were detected by immunohistochemistry from DHEA and DHEA+ metformin treated 8 days-pregnant mice and serum cytokine levels of these animals were determined by ELISA. DHEA treatment both abolished PIBF expression and increased COX2 expression. Embryo resorption correlates with the lack of PIBF expression, diminished IL-6 levels and increased IL-2 concentration while metformin was able to reverse the effect of DHEA on both PIBF and COX2 expression and IL-6 levels. We concluded that hyperandrogenization induces embryo resorption in early pregnancy diminishing PIBF in implantation sites, having a pro-inflammatory effect. Metformin is able to prevent such effects.
    The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 07/2008; 111(3-5):200-7. · 3.98 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms by which N,N'-dimethylbiguanide metformin (50 mg/100 g body weight (BW) in 0.05 ml of water, given orally with a cannula) prevents the ovarian disorders provoked by the hyperandrogenization with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in prepuberal BALB/c mice. The injection of DHEA (6 mg/100 g BW in 0.1 ml of oil) for 20 consecutive days re-creates a mouse model that resembles some aspects of the human polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The treatment with DHEA increased ovarian oxidative stress because it enhanced lipid peroxidation (LPO) and diminished both catalase (CAT) activity and glutathione (GSH) content. Therefore, the treatment with DHEA diminished both ovarian nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity and prostaglandin E (PGE) production. When metformin was administered together with DHEA, the ovarian GSH content, NOS activity and PGE production did not differ when compared with controls. However, metformin was not able to prevent the effect of DHEA on ovarian LPO or CAT activity. Finally, DHEA increased the ovarian protein expressions of inducible NOS (iNOS), inducible cyclooxygenase (COX2) and the phosphorylated AMP-dependent kinase alpha (AMPK-alpha) (Thr172). Metformin administered together with DHEA was able to prevent the increase of ovarian iNOS and COX2 expressions and to enhance the activation of phosphorylated AMPK-alpha expression.
    Molecular Human Reproduction 09/2006; 12(8):475-81. · 4.54 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the role of the N, N{'}-dimethylbiguanide metformin (50 mg/100 g body weight in 0.05 ml water, given orally with a canulla) in the prevention of endocrine and immune disorders provoked by the hyperandrogenization with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in prepuberal BALB/c mice. The treatment with DHEA (6 mg/100 g body weight in 0.1 ml oil) for 20 consecutive days, recreates a mouse model that resembles some aspects of the human polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The treatment with DHEA did not modify either body mass index (BMI) or blood glucose levels, but did increase fasting insulin levels when compared with controls. Markers of ovarian function - serum estradiol (E), progesterone (P) and ovarian prostaglandin E (PGE) - were evaluated. The treatment with DHEA increased serum E and P levels while ovarian PGE diminished. When metformin was administered together with DHEA, serum insulin, E and P levels, and ovarian PGE values did not differ when compared with controls. Using flow cytometry assays we found that the treatment with DHEA diminished the percentage of the CD4 + T lymphocyte population and increased the percentage of the CD8 + T lymphocyte population from both ovarian tissue and retroperitoneal lymph nodes. However, when metformin was administered together with DHEA, the percentages of CD4 + and CD8 + T lymphocyte populations from both ovarian tissue and retroperitoneal lymph nodes were similar to those observed in controls. Finally, when DHEA was administered alone it increased the serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha ) levels when compared with controls; however, when metformin was administered together with DHEA, serum TNF-alpha levels were similar to controls. These results indicate that metformin is able, directly or indirectly, to avoid the endocrine and immune alterations produced when mice are hyperandrogenized with DHEA.
    Reproduction (Cambridge, England) 04/2006; 131(3):591-602. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study examined the mechanism by which metformin prevents dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)-induced embryonic resorption in mice. Treatment with DHEA (6 mg/100 g bodyweight, 24 and 48 h post implantation) induced 88 +/- 1 % embryonic resorption and the diminution of both serum oestradiol (E) and progesterone (P) levels. However, when metformin (50 mg/kg bodyweight) was given together with DHEA, embryo resorption (43 +/- 3% v. 35 +/- 5% in controls) and both serum E and P levels were not significantly different from controls. Glucose and insulin levels were increased in the DHEA-treated mice but when metformin was administered together with DHEA these parameters were similar to control values. Treatment with DHEA increased ovarian oxidative stress and diminished uterine nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity; however, when metformin was administered together with DHEA, both ovarian oxidative stress and uterine NOS activity were not different from controls. Metformin treatment did not modify the percentage of CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from both axillar and retroperitoneal lymph nodes but prevented the increase of serum tumour necrosis factor +/- produced in DHEA-treated mice. These results show that metformin acts in DHEA-induced embryonic resorption in mice by modulating endocrine parameters, ovarian oxidative stress and uterine NOS activity.
    Reproduction Fertility and Development 02/2006; 18(5):533-44. · 2.58 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present report was to study the role of high levels of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) on the ovarian function and embryonic resorption during early pregnancy in BALB/c mice. Pregnant animals were injected with DHEA following both the post-implantatory (DHEA-2) and peri-implantatory (DHEA-6) models. Morphological studies of implantation sites showed 40% of embryonic resorption in the DHEA-2 group while 100% of resorption was observed in the DHEA-6 group. Serum samples of both DHEA-2 and DHEA-6 groups showed higher estradiol levels and a lower progesterone concentration than those of control groups. Ovarian prostaglandin E levels after both DHEA-2 and DHEA-6 treatments increased when compared to control groups. The antioxidant metabolite glutathione diminished during both DHEA treatments. In summary, the data presented here suggest that DHEA treatment during early pregnancy modulates the ovarian function and is responsible for embryonic resorption with different degrees depending on when it is administered.
    NeuroImmunoModulation 02/2005; 12(5):285-92. · 1.84 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the present report was to study the possible relationship between ovarian functionality and the immune response during cystogenesis induced by androgenization with dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Daily injection of DHEA (6 mg/kg body weight) for 20 consecutive days induced ovarian cysts in BALB/c mice. As markers of ovarian function, serum estradiol (E) and progesterone (P) and the ovarian inmunomodulator prostaglandin E (PGE) were analyzed. In order to know how the integrity of the tissue was altered after induction of cystogenesis, the oxidative status was also evaluated. Serum E and P levels, and ovarian PGE concentration, were increased in animals with cysts compared with healthy controls. The oxidant status (quantified by malondialdehyde (MDA) formed after the breakdown of the cellular membrane by free radical mechanisms) was augmented, meanwhile the antioxidant (evaluated by the glutathione (GSH) content) diminished during the induction of cystogenesis. Both immunohistochemical and flow cytometry assays demonstrated that DHEA treatment increased the number of T lymphocytes infiltrating ovarian tissue. Therefore, while ovarian controls showed equivalent expression of CD4+ and CD8+ T cell subsets, injection of DHEA yielded a selective ovarian T cell infiltration as demonstrated by enhanced CD8+ and diminished CD4+ T lymphocyte expression. These results show that the development of cysts involves changes in ovarian function and an imbalance in the oxidant-antioxidant equilibrium. We observed also both an increased and selective T lymphocyte infiltration.
    Journal of Reproductive Immunology 01/2005; 64(1-2):59-74. · 2.34 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Corpus luteum regression has been described in terms of: (i) functional luteolysis - a reversible decline in serum progesterone concentration; and (ii) structural luteolysis - irreversible morphological changes and tissue remodelling events within the cellular membrane. In rats, PGF(2alpha) and interleukin 1beta (IL-1beta) are involved in structural luteolysis, PGF(2alpha) by increasing ovarian lipid peroxidation, and IL-1beta by reducing progesterone and increasing PGF(2alpha) concentrations. The aim of the present report was to determine whether by an early action IL-1beta is able to regulate functional luteolysis. Thus, ovarian explants from rats at the mid-stage of corpus luteum development were incubated during short periods with either 15 or 25 ng IL-1beta ml(-1). At 15 ng ml(-1), IL-1beta inhibited progesterone after 4 and 8 h of culture without affecting PGF(2alpha) production, and a longer incubation (21 h) was needed to increase PGF(2alpha) production. In contrast, IL-1beta enhanced PGF(2alpha) concentrations at 8 h only at the higher dose (25 ng ml(-1)). The observed reduction in progesterone synthesis at the lower dose of IL-1beta before the increase in PGF(2alpha) concentrations led to the hypothesis that IL-1beta regulates functional luteolysis (progesterone diminution) before it affects structural luteolysis (PGF(2alpha) increase). The fact that the early IL-1beta action was described at 4 h but no effects on inducible nitric oxide synthase and inducible cyclooxygenase expression were found before this time led to the suggestion that these inductions were not necessary for the early IL-1beta action described.
    Reproduction (Cambridge, England) 12/2003; 126(5):639-45. · 3.56 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between the nitric oxide (NO) system and endothelin 1 (ET-1) in the mechanism of corpus luteum (CL) development and consequently regression in rats. We first evaluated basal ET-1 levels in ovarian tissue from rats with different stages of CL development. An increased ovarian ET-1 content was found during CL regression. In a dose-department response, ET-1 decreased progesterone (P4) and increased prostaglandin (PG) PGF2alpha production. By means of a competitive nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor: L-nitro arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) and a slow NO releasing: diethyl-aminetriamine (DETA-NONOate), we demonstrated that NO system could be the intermediary in the ET-1 diminishing P4 production. The Western blot analysis revealed an increase on iNOS while eNOS protein expression was diminished. We also found a diminution of total NOS activity after ET-1 treatment. These data suggest the existence of a functional relationship between ET-1 and NOS isoforms leading the regulation of CL functionally.
    Prostaglandins Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 12/2003; 69(5):359-64. · 2.73 Impact Factor
  • Medicina 10/2003; 63(5):410-412. · 0.42 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: An alteration in the balance of autocrine/paracrine ovarian factors may lead to different diseases. The aim of the present report was to evaluate the relationship between insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and leptin (Lp) in the progesterone (P) and estradiol (E) production after ovarian rat FSH stimulation. Thus, ovarian explants were incubated with FSH, IGF-1 and Lp, and P and E were evaluated by means of specific radioimmunoassays. FSH increased ovarian P and E production. IGF-1 synergized with FSH in P as well as in ovarian E production. Lp had not shown any effect on the FSH capacity to increase P and E in the ovarian tissue; nevertheless it reverted the synergistic effect of IGF-1 on FSH for P as well as for E. These data raise the possibility that abnormal Lp levels may contribute to infertility in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome by counteracting the sensitizing effects of IGF-1 in ovarian tissue.
    Medicina 02/2003; 63(5):410-2. · 0.42 Impact Factor