Publications (3)2.59 Total impact
Article: Rickettsia conorii in humans and dogs: a seroepidemiologic survey of two rural villages in Israel.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The prevalence of IgG-antibodies reactive with an Israeli strain of Rickettsia conorii (Israeli strain 487), the agent of Israeli spotted fever, was examined in humans and dogs from two rural villages in Israel where the disease has been reported in humans. Sixty-nine of 85 (81%) canine sera and 14 of 136 (10%) of human sera had anti-R. conorii antibodies. No direct association could be made between seropositivity of people and ownership of a seropositive dog. This study indicates that exposure to spotted fever group rickettsiae was highly prevalent among dogs compared with humans in the two villages examined, probably reflecting a greater exposure rate of canines to the tick vector. These results support a previous suggestion that canine serology could be a sensitive indicator for the presence and magnitude of human exposure to R. conorii.The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 08/2007; 77(1):133-5. · 2.59 Impact Factor
Article: Kinetics of serologic cross-reactions between Ehrlichia canis and the Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroups in experimental E. canis infection in dogs[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The serological cross-reactions between the Ehrlichia canis and Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroups, and the kinetics of development of antibodies in dogs to the E. phagocytophila group after artificial infection with the Israeli strain of E. canis was investigated. Results of this study indicate that the development of antibodies to the E. phagocytophila genogroup in dogs after infection with E. canis is a time dependent event probably conditional on the continued propagation of the rickettsia in the host. After spontaneous clinical recovery, and at the beginning of the subclinical phase, no antibodies to E. phagocytophila were yet detectable. The first evidence of IgG antibodies to E. phagocytophila were found in two of the six dogs, 55 days after artificial infection with E. canis, while another two dogs became seropositive to E. phagocytophila 22 days later. All surviving dogs were seropositive to E. phagocytophila by 150 days PI. It is suggested that the appearance of E. phagocytophila antibodies following treatment of acute E. canis infection may be used to judge treatment failure and/or persistence of infection.Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology.
Article: Antibodies reactive with Ehrlichia canis, Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroup antigens and the spotted fever group rickettsial antigens, in free-ranging jackals (Canis aureus syriacus) from Israel[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A seroepidemiological survey was conducted to investigate the prevalence of antibodies reactive with the Ehrlichia canis and Ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroup antigens, and the spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsiae antigens in jackals in Israel (Canis aureus syriacus), to assess the possible role of the jackal in the epidemiology of these diseases. Fifty-three serum samples from jackals were assayed by the indirect immunofluorescence antibody test. Antibodies to E. canis were detected in 35.8% serum samples while 26.4% of the samples tested were positive to Ehrlichia chaffeensis. Twenty-six percent of the jackals tested were seropositive to E. phagocytophila, of which 5.7% were seropositive to E. phagocytophila alone without any seroreactivity to either E. canis or E. chaffeensis. Fifty-five percent of the jackals were seropositive to the SFG-rickettsiae antigens. The results suggest a high exposure rate of jackals in Israel to E. canis. Positive reactivity to E. chaffeensis was considered to be due to antigenic cross-reactions with E. canis. The study demonstrated for the first time the presence of E. phagocytophila antibodies in free-range jackals. The high incidence of antibodies to the SFG-rickettsiae and their relatively high antibody titers was suggestive of either recent or persistent infection. The possibility that jackals may play a role in the transmission of E. canis, E. phagocytophila and the SFG-rickettsiae for human and canine infections is discussed.Veterinary Parasitology.