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ABSTRACT: Performance records on Hereford cattle raised in two herds were used to evaluate cytoplasmic genetic effects on preweaning growth and milk production. Animals were traced through maternal lineage to foundation females to form cytoplasmic lines. Growth records were available on 1,189 calves at Raleigh and 1,599 at Plymouth representing 27 and 15 cytoplasmic lines, respectively. Milk records were available on 418 cows at Raleigh and 522 cows at Plymouth, representing 20 and 13 cytoplasmic lines. After adjustment for sire, cytoplasmic effects were significant for birth weight (BWT), average daily gain (ADG) and 205-d weight (WT205) in both herds. Cytoplasm accounted for 2, 5 and 5% of the variance for BWT, ADG and WT205 at Raleigh; and 1, 2 and 2% of the variance at Plymouth. After addition of maternal grandsire to the model, cytoplasm was still significant; however, variances were reduced at Plymouth. Cytoplasmic effects for milk yield were important at Raleigh (P less than .01) but marginal at Plymouth (P = .10). Variance components for cytoplasm accounted for 4 and 1% of the variance for milk yield at Raleigh and Plymouth, respectively. Ranges for least-squares constants for cytoplasmic lines corresponded to one of two standard deviations. Correlations among least-squares constants for ADG, WT205 and milk yield were high, suggesting that cytoplasmic effects were mediated through milk production. More research is needed to confirm these results before cytoplasmic inheritance is considered in breeding programs for beef cattle.
Journal of Animal Science 10/1987; 65(3):675-84. · 1.92 Impact Factor