[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to investigate how guar gum viscosity acts on starch digestion and glucose absorption in humans. Six healthy subjects received a mixed diet composed of 60.4% carbohydrate in the form of maize glucose or pregelatinized starch, to which was added 5.6% low- or high-viscosity guar gums. Meals were ingested or instilled in the duodenum and postprandial insulin and glucose responses were monitored for 3 h. Infusion of meals containing glucose showed that the delay in the diffusion rate to the duodenal mucosa due to bolus viscosity was not significant. Infusion of meals containing starch showed that a decrease in the digestion rate of starch in the upper small intestine accounted for part of the effect of viscosity on glycemic response, whereas the main effect of guar gum was apparently to slow gastric emptying.
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 05/1994; 59(4):914-21. · 6.50 Impact Factor
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Physico-chemical properties of dietary fibres might be involved in metabolic control, particularly of the postprandial blood glucose response. The aim of the present study was to look at the effects of the content of soluble fibres and of the particle size of solid fibres on in vitro and in vivo starch hydrolysis and on the subsequent glucose absorption as well as the triacylglycerolaemia. Two sources of dietary fibres, one, with soluble fibres (beet pulp), the other with mostly insoluble fibres (wheat bran), were added at the rate of 60 g/kg to a meal simulating human food. The fibre sources were ground in order to obtain two different particle sizes (250 and 500 microns). Beet pulp decreased significantly (P < 0.05) initial in vitro hydrolysis whereas wheat bran increased starch hydrolysis in the first 10 min. Wheat bran and beet pulp, whatever its particle size, lowered the post-prandial triacylglycerol response. No significant effect was found with dietary fibre-supplemented diets on postprandial glycaemic and insulinaemic values. High correlation was found between initial in vitro starch hydrolysis and mean areas under the insulinaemic curves. This in vitro model can be used to predict initial in vivo digestion of carbohydrates from complex foods.
British Journal Of Nutrition 08/1993; 70(1):179-88. · 3.30 Impact Factor