ABSTRACT: It was hypothesized that immune recognition could be stimulated with combined immune-based and potent antiviral drug therapies. This study examined human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific lymphocyte proliferation before and after treatment with an inactivated HIV-1 immunogen in 15 chronically infected HIV-1 seropositive subjects. Lymphocyte proliferation to the immunizing antigen (gp120-depleted HIV-1; P<.001), purified native p24 (P<.001), and recombinant p24 (P<.05) increased after treatment with the HIV-specific immune-based therapy. By HIV-1 antigen-specific flow cytometry, T helper CD4 lymphocytes, CD8 lymphocytes, and NK cells (all P<.001) were the predominant cell types proliferating in vitro after treatment. Additional phenotyping of proliferating cells revealed predominantly CD4 and CD8 memory (both P<.001) phenotypes. This study supports the concept that in vitro lymphocyte proliferation to HIV-1 antigens, augmented after treatment with an inactivated HIV-1 immunogen, involves primarily CD4 and CD8 cell memory immune responses.
The Journal of Infectious Diseases 10/1999; 180(3):641-8. · 6.41 Impact Factor