ABSTRACT: The importance of protease-activated receptor-1 (PAR-1) in blood vessel development has been shown in knock-out mice. As endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) express functional PAR-1, we examined whether PAR-1 stimulation by the peptide SFLLRN interfered with the angiopoietin pathway, that is EPC commitment, proliferation and migration.
Given the strong PAR-1 expression on CD34+ cells, we tested the effect of SFLLRN 75 micromol L(-1) on the emergence of EPCs from cord blood. PAR-1 activation did not modify the number of colonies or the day of emergence, in keeping with the lack of induction of angiopoietin 1 gene expression. Conversely, SFLLRN treatment of EPCs induced angiopoietin 2 gene expression and protein synthesis. Experiments with polyclonal blocking antibodies showed that angiopoietin 2 was involved in the proliferative effect of PAR-1 activation. PAR-1 activation also enhanced migration toward angiopoietin 1 in a Boyden chamber assay.
Our study demonstrates that PAR-1-induced proliferation of EPCs involves angiopoietin 2. PAR-1 also enhances EPC migration toward angiopoietin 1. These findings might explain the role of thrombin in neovascularization via the angiopoietin pathway.
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 10/2006; 4(9):2051-8. · 5.73 Impact Factor