Publications (2)2.18 Total impact
Article: Structure-activity relationships of antimicrobial peptides from the skin of Rana esculenta inhabiting in Korea.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The anuran (frogs and toads) skin is a rich source of antimicrobial peptides that can be developed therapeutically. We searched the skin secretions of Korean Rana esculenta for antimicrobial peptides, and isolated two cationic peptides with antimicrobial activity and little hemolytic activity: a 46-residue peptide of the esculentin-1 family and a 24-residue peptide of the brevinin-1 family. Their sequences showed some differences from the esculentins-1 and brevinins-1 of European Rana esculenta, indicating that sequence diversification of anuran skin antimicrobial peptides can arise from differences in habitat as well as from species differences. The 46-residue peptide named esculentin-1c had broad antimicrobial activity, while the 24-residue peptide named brevinin-1Ed exhibited limited activity. The solution structure of brevinin-1Ed was in good agreement with that of other brevinin-1-like peptides, with an amphipathic alpha-helix spanning residues 3-20, stabilized in membrane-mimetic environments. The weak bioactivity of brevinin-1Ed was attributable to the unusual presence of an anionic amino acid in the middle of the helical hydrophilic face. This report contributes to world-wide investigations of the structure-activity relationships and evolutional diversification of anuran-skin antimicrobial peptides.Molecules and Cells 07/2004; 17(3):469-76. · 2.18 Impact Factor
Article: Solution structure of the antimicrobial peptide gaegurin 4 by 1H and 15N nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Gaegurin 4 (GGN4) is a 37-residue antimicrobial peptide isolated from the skin of a Korean frog, Rana rugosa. This peptide shows a broad range of activity against prokaryotic cells but shows very little hemolytic activity against human red blood cells. The solution structure of GGN4 was studied by using circular dichroism (CD) and NMR spectroscopy. CD investigations revealed that GGN4 adopts mainly an α-helical conformation in trifluoroethanol/water solution, in dodecylphosphocholine and in SDS micelles, but adopts random structure in aqueous solution. By using both homonuclear and heteronuclear NMR experiments, complete 1H and 15N resonance assignments were obtained for GGN4 in 50% trifluoroethanol/water solution. The calculated structures of GGN4 consist of two amphipathic α-helices extending from residues 2–10 and from residues 16–32. These two helices are connected by a flexible loop spanning between the residues 11 and 15. By using enzyme digestion and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectroscopy, we confirmed that GGN4 contains a disulfide bridge formed between the residues Cys31 and Cys37 in its C-terminus. The effect of disulfide bridge on the structure and the activity of GGN4 was investigated. The reduced form of GGN4 revealed a similar activity and conformation to native GGN4, suggesting that the disulfide bridge does not strongly affect the conformation and the antimicrobial activity of GGN4.European Journal of Biochemistry. 04/2000; 267(9):2695 - 2704.