Benign convulsions associated with mild gastroenteritis (CwG) are a commonly observed disorder in Asia, especially in infants and seniors. Here, we describe a retrospective study about the clinical features of CwG in 62 children hospitalized at St. Mary's Hospital (Kurume City, Japan) between January 1, 2000 and March 31, 2006, and further evaluate the efficacies of various anticonvulsant treatments for patients with CwG due to either rotavirus or norovirus. Causative diarrheal viruses were detected in 71% of the fecal specimens tested; 30 patients were positive for rotavirus, nine patients were positive for norovirus, two patients were positive for sapovirus, two patients were positive for adenovirus, and one patient was positive for coxackievirus A4. The age of onset for patients with norovirus-positive CwG (16.7+/-2.7 months) was significantly lower than that of patients with rotavirus-positive CwG (23.0+/-8.7 months). The duration of the seizures due to norovirus infection (11.8+/-12.0 h) was significantly longer than that due to rotavirus infection (4.9+/-5.7 h). There were no significant differences between the two groups with regard to the results of blood chemistry analysis, including the concentrations of serum electrolytes, blood glucose levels, and liver function tests. In this preliminary study, the duration of seizures in patients with CwG due to norovirus that was treated with carbamazepine was significantly shorter than the duration of seizures in the patients treated with another anticonvulsant (phenobarbital). Further randomized controlled studies are required to clarify the efficacies of the various anticonvulsants for patients with CwG.
Brain and Development 12/2007; 29(10):617-22. DOI:10.1016/j.braindev.2007.03.012 · 1.54 Impact Factor