B Vengamma

Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirumalai, Andhra Pradesh, India

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Publications (19)16.24 Total impact

  • Indian Journal of Nephrology 03/2015; 25(2):127. DOI:10.4103/0971-4065.145130
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    ABSTRACT: The extent of myelination on the axon promotes transmission of impulses in the neural network, any disturbances in this process results in the neurodegenerative condition. Transplantation of oligodendrocyte precursors that supports in the regeneration of axons through myelination is an important step in the restoration of damaged neurons. Therefore, in the present study, the differentiation of human CD34+ stem cells into oligodendrocytes was carried out. The pure human CD34+ culture developed from the stem cells obtained from a peripheral blood of a donor were subjected to oligodendrocyte differentiation medium (ODM). The ODM at a concentration of 40 ng/ml thyroxine, 40 ng/ml 3,3',5-tri-iodo-thyronine showed distinct morphological changes from day 6 to 9 with cells exhibiting conspicuous stellate morphology and extensive foot processes. The real-time PCR analysis showed prominent expression of Olig2, CNPase, PDGFRa and PLP1/DM20 in the differentiated cells confirming the formed cells are oligodendrocyte precursors. The expression of these genes increased from days 6 to 9 corresponding to the morphological changes observed with almost no expression of GFAP+ cells. The distinct CNPase activity was observed in these differentiated cells compared to normal CD34+ stem cells correlating with results of real-time PCR conclusively explains the development of oligodendrocytes from human CD34+ stem cells. © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Neuroscience Letters 01/2015; 588:36-41. DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2014.12.050. · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The extent of myelination on the axon promotes transmission of impulses in the neural network, any disturbances in this process results in the neurodegenerative condition. Transplantation of oligodendrocyte precursors that supports in the regeneration of axons through myelination is an important step in the restoration of damaged neurons. Therefore in the present study the differentiation of human CD34+ stem cells into oligodendrocytes was carried out. The pure human CD34+ culture developed from the stem cells obtained from a peripheral blood of a donor were subjected to oligodendrocyte differentiation medium (ODM). The ODM at a concentration of 40ng/ml Thyroxine, 40ng/ml 3,3',5 tri-iodo-thyronine showed distinct morphological changes from day 6 to 9 with cells exhibiting conspicuous stellate morphology and extensive foot processes. The Real-time PCR analysis showed prominent expression of Olig2, CNPase, PDGFRα and PLP1/DM20 in the differentiated cells confirming the formed cells are oligodendrocyte precursors. The expression of these genes increased from days 6-9 corresponding to the morphological changes observed with almost no expression of GFAP+ cells. The distinct CNPase activity was observed in these differentiated cells compared to normal CD34+ stem cells correlating with results of Real-time PCR conclusively explains the development of oligodendrocytes from human CD34+ stem cells. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    Neuroscience Letters 12/2014; 588. DOI:10.1016/j.neulet.2014.12.050 · 2.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) are subsets of sleep-disordered breathing. Awareness about OSA and its consequences amongst the general public as well as the majority of primary care physcians across India is poor. This necessiated the development of the INdian initiative on Obstructive sleep apnoea (INOSA) guidelines under the auspices of Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. OSA is the occurrence of an average five or more episodes of obstructive respiratory events per hour of sleep with either sleep related symptoms or co-morbidities or ≥ 15 such episodes without any sleep related symptoms or co-morbidities. OSAS is defined as OSA associated with daytime symptoms, most often excessive sleepiness. Patients undergoing routine health check-up with snoring, daytime sleepiness, obesity, hypertension, motor vehicular accidents and high risk cases should undergo a comprehensive sleep evaluation. Medical examiners evaluating drivers, air pilots, railway drivers and heavy machinery workers should be educated about OSA and should comprehensively evaluate applicants for OSA. Those suspected to have OSA on comprehensive sleep evaluation should be referred for a sleep study. Supervised overnight polysomnography (PSG) is the "gold standard" for evaluation of OSA. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is the mainstay of treatment of OSA. Oral appliances are indicated for use in patients with mild to moderate OSA who prefer oral appliances to PAP, or who do not respond to PAP or who fail treatment attempts with PAP or behavioural measures. Surgical treatment is recommended in patients who have failed or are intolerant to PAP therapy.
    The Indian Journal of Medical Research 11/2014; 140(3):451-68. · 1.66 Impact Factor
  • 10/2014; 5(4):439-41. DOI:10.4103/0976-3147.140019
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    ABSTRACT: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) are subsets of sleep-disordered breathing. Awareness about OSA and its consequences amongst the general public as well as the majority of primary care physcians across India is poor. This necessiated the development of the INdian initiative on Obstructive sleep apnoea (INOSA) guidelines under the auspices of Department of Health Research, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India. OSA is the occurrence of an average five or more episodes of obstructive respiratory events per hour of sleep with either sleep related symptoms or co-morbidities or ≥ 15 such episodes without any sleep related symptoms or co-morbidities. OSAS is defined as OSA associated with daytime symptoms, most often excessive sleepiness. Patients undergoing routine health check-up with snoring, daytime sleepiness, obesity, hypertension, motor vehicular accidents and high risk cases should undergo a comprehensive sleep evaluation. Medical examiners evaluating drivers, air pilots, railway drivers and heavy machinery workers should be educated about OSA and should comprehensively evaluate applicants for OSA. Those suspected to have OSA on comprehensive sleep evaluation should be referred for a sleep study. Supervised overnight polysomnography (PSG) is the "gold standard" for evaluation of OSA. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is the mainstay of treatment of OSA. Oral appliances are indicated for use in patients with mild to moderate OSA who prefer oral appliances to PAP, or who do not respond to PAP or who fail treatment attempts with PAP or behavioural measures. Surgical treatment is recommended in patients who have failed or are intolerant to PAP therapy.
    The Indian Journal of Medical Research 09/2014; 140(3):451-68. · 1.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Lead poisoning is a common occupational health hazard in developing countries. We report the varied clinical presentation, diagnostic and management issues in two adult patients with lead encephalopathy. Both patients worked in a battery manufacturing unit. Both patients presented with seizures and one patient also complained of abdominal colic and vomiting. Both were anemic and a lead line was present. Blood lead level in both the patients was greater than 25 µg/dl. Magnetic resonance imaging of brain revealed bilateral symmetric involvement of the thalamus, lentiform nucleus in both patients and also the external capsules, sub-cortical white matter in one patient. All these changes, seen as hyperintensities in T2-weighted images suggested demyelination. They were advised avoidance of further exposure to lead and were treated with anti-epileptics; one patient also received D-penicillamine. They improved well on follow-up. Lead encephalopathy is an uncommon but important manifestation of lead toxicity in adults.
    04/2014; 5(2):161-3. DOI:10.4103/0976-3147.131665
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    ABSTRACT: Abstract Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), an acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is the most common generalized paralytic disorder. The objective was to study the outcome of disability grade in two groups of GBS treated with plasmapheresis alone and treated with IVIg alone. A retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients with GBS, admitted in our intensive care unit during the period of 3 years, 2009-2012 were included in the study. All patients of GBS who were to be treated with plasmapheresis or IVIg, the modality of management were always decided at their preference and consent after explaining the modalities to patient/family. The plasma exchange done was ∼200-250 mL of plasma per kilogram weight in five sessions (40-50 mL/kg per session) within 7-14 days. The replacement fluid contained 100 mL of 20% albumin diluted in 1000 mL of normal saline and 1000 mL of fresh frozen plasma. IVIg was administered as 0.4 g/kg body weight daily for 5 days. Our observations brought out the following, both the plasmapheresis and IVIg treatments were effective in reducing the disability grade amongst all time points, i.e., at presentation, immediate post-therapy and after 4 weeks. There was a marginal superiority in plasmapheresis over IVIg effect. However, whether the delay in presentation as noted in our study probably would have contributed to this effect was conjectural.
    Renal Failure 03/2014; DOI:10.3109/0886022X.2014.890859 · 0.78 Impact Factor
  • 01/2014; 3(1):38-41. DOI:10.15380/2277-5706.JCSR.13.014
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    ABSTRACT: Opercular myoclonic-anarthric status epilepticus (OMASE) is an uncommon disorder of diverse etiology. This condition is characterized by fluctuating cortical dysarthria associated with epileptic myoclonus involving glossopharyngeal musculature bilaterally. We report two cases of OMASE of vascular etiology in adults. In both patients, ictally clonic expression was consistent with epilepsia partialis continua and bilateral, symmetrical involvement of soft palate in one patient and tongue, lips, chin and inferior jaw in both patients due to bilateral projections of the inferior corticonuclear pathways. The inferior rolandic area of dominant and high frontal region in non-dominant hemispheres were involved by an epileptogenic lesion of vascular etiology, which was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging of brain and single photon emission computerized tomography. Carotid Doppler study showed thrombosis of internal carotid artery in both patients, suggestive of an embolic origin. Early recognition of OMASE is important for early management of carotid occlusive disease.
    Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology 10/2013; 16(4):565-8. DOI:10.4103/0972-2327.120470 · 0.51 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Astrocytes are abundantly present as glial cells in the brain and play an important role in the regenerative processes. The possible role of stem cell derived astrocytes in the spinal cord injuries is possible related to their influence at the synaptic junctions. Aim: The present study is focused on in vitro differentiation of cultured human CD34+ cells into astrocytes. Materials and Methods: Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor mobilized human CD34+ cells were isolated from peripheral blood using apheresis method from a donor. These cells were further purified by fluorescence-activated cell sorting and cultured in Dulbecco's modified eagle's medium. Thus, cultured cells were induced with astrocyte defined medium (ADM) and in the differentiated astrocytes serine/threonine protein kinases (STPK) and glutamine synthetase (GLUL) activities were estimated. The expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and GLUL were confirmed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: The cultured human CD34+ cells differentiated into astrocytes after 11 h of incubation in ADM. The RT-PCR experiment showed the expression of GLUL (1.5 kb) and GFAP (2.9 kb) in differentiated astrocytes. The high enzyme activities of GLUL and STPK in differentiated astrocytes compared with cultured human CD34+ cells confirmed astrocyte formation. Conclusion: In the present study, in vitro differentiation of stem cells with retinoic acid induction may result in the formation of astrocytes.
    Neurology India 07/2013; 61(4):383-8. DOI:10.4103/0028-3886.117615 · 1.08 Impact Factor
  • Indian Journal of Nephrology 11/2012; 22(6):485-6. DOI:10.4103/0971-4065.106050
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a higher risk for stroke in studies from developed countries. This prospective study was conducted to study the clinical profile, management, and outcome of stroke in patients of chronic kidney disease who had been admitted in our institute during the period from December 2004 to December 2006. A higher incidence of stroke was found in men and in the fifth decade of life. Hypertension and diabetes were found in 88.8 and 48.1% of the patients respectively. CKD was detected for the first time during stroke evaluation in 55.5% of the patients. Stroke was due to cerebral infarction in 48.14% and due to cerebral hemorrhage in 40.7% of the patients. Surgical intervention was needed in 14.8% of all patients while stroke was managed medically in the rest. Over 70% of the patients were discharged after they showed improvement in the symptoms.
    Indian Journal of Nephrology 01/2009; 19(1):5-7. DOI:10.4103/0971-4065.50672
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    ABSTRACT: Leptospirosis is an important zoonosis with a worldwide distribution that is characterized by a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from inapparent infection to fulminant disease. The presentation of paraparesis in combination with acute renal failure is rare.
    Indian Journal of Nephrology 07/2008; 18(3):130-1. DOI:10.4103/0971-4065.43695
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    ABSTRACT: Poisoning with Cleistanthus collinus frequently causes cardiac manifestations such as rhythm disturbances and also results in other manifestations such as metabolic acidosis and hypokalemia. We present the case of a patient who presented with a rare myasthenic crisis-like syndrome requiring assisted ventilation due to Cleistanthus collinus poisoning, which responded to treatment with neostigmine.
    Indian Journal of Medical Sciences 03/2008; 62(2):62-4. DOI:10.4103/0019-5359.39368 · 1.67 Impact Factor
  • M Bindu, B Vengamma, G Kumar
    European Journal of Neurology 09/2007; 14(8):e18. DOI:10.1111/j.1468-1331.2007.01868.x · 3.85 Impact Factor
  • M Bindu, B Vengamma
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    ABSTRACT: Newer generation cell culture anti-rabies vaccines have become the preferred choice because of the paucity of the neurological complications. We report a case of acute inflammatory polyradiculo-neuropathy following the administration of purified chick embryo cell culture anti-rabies baccine for post exposure prophylaxis.
  • Alladi Mohan, Bhuma Vengamma
    The National medical journal of India 25(4):222-4. · 0.91 Impact Factor
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    M Bindu, Cv Harinarayana, B Vengamma
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    ABSTRACT: Thyroid disease is commonly encountered in clinical practice and has a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. Thyroid storm and myxedema coma are endocrine emergencies at either end of the spectrum of thyroid disease. These conditions are relatively rare in clinical practice. Their life-threatening potential mandates that every clinician be cognizant of their signs and symptoms, and intervene promptly. We report a case of thyroid storm that presented with predominant neurological manifestations.