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ABSTRACT: It is estimated that over 200 million people worldwide have osteoporosis. The prevalence of osteoporosis is continuing to escalate with the increasingly elderly population. The major complication of osteoporosis is an increase in fragility fractures leading to morbidity, mortality, and decreased quality of life. This investigation aimed at profiling the incidence and risk of osteoporosis in adult women from a rural setting using ultrasonic bone scanning technology. Peri- and postmenopausal female subjects (n=234) were drawn from a convenience sample. After a non-radiative dual X-ray absorptiometric scanning, the bone mineral density was measured from the heel of the subjects using bone ultrasonometry, and their T-scores were recorded. Results of these scans indicate that in adult women in the age range of 32 and 87, 23.5% of the population had a heel ultrasonic T-score < or =1.0, implying a 1.5 to 2.0 fold increase in risk ratio of hip or spinal fracture for each standard deviational decrease. Age at menopause was positively correlated with T-scores (p= 0.032); the higher the age at menopause, the higher the T scores. Additionally, women who had taken estrogen had significantly higher T-scores (p=0.038) than those who had not. That approximately 25% of this sample has low bone mass or osteoporosis underscores the importance of early screening in order to develop awareness and provide education on bone health management.
Conference proceedings: ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference 02/2006; 1:5204-5.